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92 [ninety-two]

Subordinate clauses: that 2


‫92 [اثنان وتسعون]‬

‫الجمل الثانوية مع أنّ 2‬


I’m angry that you snore.
‫يزعجني أنك تشخر.‬
yzaeajni 'annak tashkhir
I’m angry that you drink so much beer.
‫يزعجني أنك تكثر من شرب البيرة.‬
yzaeajni 'annak takthur min shurb albayrata
I’m angry that you come so late.
‫يزعجني أنك تأتي متأخراً.‬
yzaeajni 'annak tati mtakhraan
I think he needs a doctor.
‫أظن أنه بحاجة إلى طبيب.‬
azin 'annah bihajat 'iilaa tabiba
I think he is ill.
‫أظن أنه مريض.‬
azin 'annah marid
I think he is sleeping now.
‫أظن أنه نائم.‬
azin 'annah nayima
We hope that he marries our daughter.
‫نأمل أن يتزوج ابنتنا.‬
n'amal 'ann yatazawwaj abnatana
We hope that he has a lot of money.
‫نأمل أن تكون لديه نقوداً كثيرة.‬
n'amal 'an takun ladayh nqwdaan kathirata
We hope that he is a millionaire.
‫نأمل أن يكون مليونيراً.‬
n'amal 'an yakun mlywnyraan
I heard that your wife had an accident.
‫سمعت أن زوجته أصيبت بحادث.‬
ismaet 'ann zawjatih 'usibat bihadith
I heard that she is in the hospital.
‫سمعت أنها في المستشفى.‬
smaet 'annaha fi almustashfaa
I heard that your car is completely wrecked.
‫سمعت أن السيارة تلفت تماماً.‬
smaet 'ann alssayarat talaft tmamaan
I’m happy that you came.
‫يسعدني أنك أتيت.‬
ysuedni 'annak 'atita
I’m happy that you are interested.
‫يسعدني أنك مهتم.‬
ysedni 'annak muhtuma
I’m happy that you want to buy the house.
‫يسعدني أنك ستشتري المنزل.‬
ysiedni 'annak satashtari almunzil
I’m afraid the last bus has already gone.
‫أخشى أن تكون آخر حافلة قد مضت.‬
akhashaa 'an takun akhar hafilat qad madta
I’m afraid we will have to take a taxi.
‫أخشى أننا سنضطر لأخذ سيارة أجرة.‬
akhushaa 'annana sanadtur li'akhdh sayarat 'ajrata
I’m afraid I have no more money.
‫أخشى ألا أحمل نقوداً.‬
akhashaa 'alla 'ahmil nqwdaan

From gestures to speech

When we speak or listen, our brain has a lot to do. It has to process the linguistic signals. Gestures and symbols are linguistic signals too. They existed even before human speech. Some symbols are understood in all cultures. Others have to be learned. They can't be understood just by looking at them. Gestures and symbols are processed like speech. And they are processed in the same area of the brain! A new study has proven this. Researchers tested several test subjects. These test subjects had to view various video clips. While they were watching the clips, their brain activity was measured. In one group, the clips expressed various things. These occurred through movements, symbols and speech. The other test group watched different video clips. These videos were nonsense clips. Speech, gestures and symbols didn't exist. They had no meaning. In the measurements, the researchers saw what was processed where. They could compare the brain activity of the test subjects. Everything that had meaning was analyzed in the same area. The results of this experiment are very interesting. They show how our brain has learned language over time. At first, man communicated with gestures. Later he developed a language. The brain had to learn, therefore, to process speech like gestures. And evidently it simply updated the old version …

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Eastern *****ce languages. It is the native language of about 30 million people. These people live primarily in ******* and Moldova. ______ is also the official language of the Republic of Moldova. There are also sizeable ______-speaking communities in Serbia and Ukraine, however. ______ originated from Latin. The *****s formerly maintained two provinces in the region surrounding the Danube. ______ is most closely related to Italian.

Therefore, ______s can understand Italians very well for the most part. The opposite is not always the case. This is due to the fact that ______ contains many Slavic words. The phonology was influenced by the neighboring Slavic linguistic area. As a result, the ______ alphabet has a few special symbols. ______ is written like it is spoken. And it still exhibits many similarities with the structure of ancient Latin … That is precisely what makes the discovery of this language so exciting!


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