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92 [ninety-two]

Subordinate clauses: that 2


‫92 [اثنان وتسعون]‬

‫الجمل الجانبية باستخدام


I’m angry that you snore.
‫إنه يضايقني أنك تشخر.‬
ennaho yothaayikonii annaka tashkher
I’m angry that you drink so much beer.
‫إنه يضايقنى أنك تشرب بيرة كثيرة هكذا.‬
ennaho yothaayikonii annaka tashrabo biira kathiiran jeddan hakathaa
I’m angry that you come so late.
‫إنه يضايقنى أنك تأتي متأخرًا جدًا هكذا.‬
ennaho yothaayikonii annaka ta'tii mota'akhiran jeddan hakathaa
I think he needs a doctor.
‫أعتقد أنه يحتاج إلى طبيب.‬
aeatakido annaho yahtaaj ilaa tabiib
I think he is ill.
‫أعتقد أنه مريض.‬
aeatakido annaho mariith
I think he is sleeping now.
‫أعتقد أنه الآن نائم.‬
aeatakido annaho el'aan naa'em
We hope that he marries our daughter.
‫نأمل أنه سيتزوج ابنتنا.‬
na'malo annaho sayatazawwajo ebnatanaa
We hope that he has a lot of money.
‫نأمل أن يكون لديه مال كثير.‬
na'malo annaho yakoon ladayhi maalon kathiir
We hope that he is a millionaire.
‫نأمل أن يكون مليونيرًا.‬
na'mal aan yakoon milyooniiran
I heard that your wife had an accident.
‫قد سمعت أن زوجتك حدث لها حادث.‬
kad samaeato anna zawjataka hadatha lahaa haadeth
I heard that she is in the hospital.
‫قد سمعت أنها ترقد بالمستشفى.‬
kad samaeato annahaa tarkodo fil mostashfaa
I heard that your car is completely wrecked.
‫قد سمعت أن سيارتك تالفة تمامًا.‬
kad samaeato an syyaaratak taalifa tamaaman
I’m happy that you came.
‫إنه يسعدني أنك قد أتيت.‬
ennaho yoseaidonii annaka kad atayt
I’m happy that you are interested.
‫إنه يسعدني أنك مهتم.‬
ennaho yoseaidonii annaka mohtam
I’m happy that you want to buy the house.
‫إنه يسعدني أنك تريد شراء المنزل.‬
ennaho yoseaidonni annaka toriid shiraa' elmanzel
I’m afraid the last bus has already gone.
‫أخشى أن يكون آخر باص قد غادر.‬
akhshaa an yakoona aakher baas kad ghaadar
I’m afraid we will have to take a taxi.
‫أخشى أنه يتوجب علينا أن نأخذ سيارة أجرة.‬
akhshaa annaho yatawajjab alaynaa an na'khoutha sayyaara
I’m afraid I have no more money.
‫أخشى أنني ليس معي نقود.‬
akhshaa annanii layssa mayii nokood

From gestures to speech

When we speak or listen, our brain has a lot to do. It has to process the linguistic signals. Gestures and symbols are linguistic signals too. They existed even before human speech. Some symbols are understood in all cultures. Others have to be learned. They can't be understood just by looking at them. Gestures and symbols are processed like speech. And they are processed in the same area of the brain! A new study has proven this. Researchers tested several test subjects. These test subjects had to view various video clips. While they were watching the clips, their brain activity was measured. In one group, the clips expressed various things. These occurred through movements, symbols and speech. The other test group watched different video clips. These videos were nonsense clips. Speech, gestures and symbols didn't exist. They had no meaning. In the measurements, the researchers saw what was processed where. They could compare the brain activity of the test subjects. Everything that had meaning was analyzed in the same area. The results of this experiment are very interesting. They show how our brain has learned language over time. At first, man communicated with gestures. Later he developed a language. The brain had to learn, therefore, to process speech like gestures. And evidently it simply updated the old version …

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Eastern *****ce languages. It is the native language of about 30 million people. These people live primarily in ******* and Moldova. ______ is also the official language of the Republic of Moldova. There are also sizeable ______-speaking communities in Serbia and Ukraine, however. ______ originated from Latin. The *****s formerly maintained two provinces in the region surrounding the Danube. ______ is most closely related to Italian.

Therefore, ______s can understand Italians very well for the most part. The opposite is not always the case. This is due to the fact that ______ contains many Slavic words. The phonology was influenced by the neighboring Slavic linguistic area. As a result, the ______ alphabet has a few special symbols. ______ is written like it is spoken. And it still exhibits many similarities with the structure of ancient Latin … That is precisely what makes the discovery of this language so exciting!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners