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47 [forty-seven]

Preparing a trip


‫47 [چهل و هفت]‬

‫تدارک سفر‬


You have to pack our suitcase!
‫تو باید چمدانمان را آماده کنی!‬
to bayad chamadaneman ra amade koni!
Don’t forget anything!
‫نباید چیزی را فراموش کنی!‬
nabayad chizi ra faramush koni!
You need a big suitcase!
‫به یک چمدان بزرگ نیاز داری!‬
be yek chamadane bozorg niaz dari!
Don’t forget your passport!
‫پاسپورت را فراموش نکن.‬
pasport ra faramush nakon.
Don’t forget your ticket!
‫بلیط هواپیما را فراموش نکن.‬
belite havapeyma ra faramush nakon.
Don’t forget your traveller’s cheques / traveler’s checks (am.)!
‫چک های مسافرتی را فراموش نکن.‬
chek-haye mosaferati ra faramush nakon.
Take some suntan lotion with you.
‫کرم ضدآفتاب را بردار.‬
kereme zed-de aftab ra bardar.
Take the sun-glasses with you.
‫عینک آفتابی را بردار.‬
eynake aftabi ra bardar.
Take the sun hat with you.
‫کلاه آفتاب گیر را بردار.‬
kolahe aftabgir ra bardar.
Do you want to take a road map?
‫می خواهی نقشه خیابانها را با خود ببری؟‬
mikha-he naghsha-e khiaban-ha ra ba khod bebari?
Do you want to take a travel guide?
‫می خواهی یک کتابچه راهنمای سفر با خود ببری؟‬
mikha-he yek ketab-che rahnamaye safar ba khod bebari?
Do you want to take an umbrella?
‫می خواهی یک چتر با خود ببری؟‬
mikha-he yek chatr ba khod bebari?
Remember to take pants, shirts and socks.
‫حواست به شلوار ها، پیراهن ها و جوراب ها باشد.‬
havasat be shalvar-ha, pirahan-ha va jurab-ha bashad.
Remember to take ties, belts and sports jackets.
‫حواست به کراوات ها، کمربند ها و کت ها باشد.‬
havasat be keravat-ha kamarband-ha va kot-ha bashad.
Remember to take pyjamas, nightgowns and t-shirts.
‫حواست به لباس خواب ها، پیراهن شب و تی شرت ها باشد.‬
havasat be lebas khab-ha, pirahane shab va ti shert-ha bashad.
You need shoes, sandals and boots.
‫تو کفش، سندل و چکمه لازم داری.‬
to kafsh, sandal va chakme lazem dari.
You need handkerchiefs, soap and a nail clipper.
‫تو دستمال کاغذی ، صابون و ناخن گیر لازم داری.‬
to dastmal kaghazi, sabun va nakhon-gir lazem dari.
You need a comb, a toothbrush and toothpaste.
‫تو یک شانه، یک مسواک و خمیردندان لازم داری.‬
to yek shane, yek mesvak va khamir dandan lazem dari.

The future of languages

More than 1.3 billion people speak Chinese. This makes Chinese the most spoken language worldwide. It will remain the case for the many years to come. The future of many other languages does not look as positive. Because many local languages will die out. Around 6,000 different languages are presently spoken. But experts estimate that the majority of them are threatened by extinction. About 90% of all languages will vanish. Most of them will die out in this century alone. This means that a language will be lost every day. The meaning of individual languages will also change in the future. English is still in second place. But the number of native speakers of languages is not remaining constant. The demographical development is responsible for this. In a few decades, other languages will be dominant. Hindi/Urdu and Arabic will soon be in 2nd and 3rd place. English will take 4th place. German will completely disappear out of the Top Ten. In turn, Malay will belong to the most important languages. While many languages die out, new ones will emerge. They will be hybrid languages. These linguistic hybrids will be spoken in cities more than anywhere else. Completely new variants of languages will also develop. So in the future there will be various forms of the English language. The number of bilingual people will increase considerably worldwide. How we will speak in the future is unclear. But even in 100 years there will still be different languages. So learning won't end so quickly…

Guess the language!

______ is the native language of about 12 million people. It is counted among the West Slavic languages. ______ and Slovakian are very similar to each other. This is due to the common history of both countries. Still, the languages are different from each other in a few ways. Younger ______s and Slovaks sometimes have difficulty understanding each other. There are also speakers, however, who use a hybrid language. Spoken ______ is very different from the written form.

It could be said that standard or high ______ only exists in the written form. It is only spoken at official occasions or in the media. This strict separation is an important hallmark of the ______ language. ______ grammar is not simple. For example, there are seven cases and four genders. Regardless, learning it is a lot of fun. You will discover so many new things in the process.


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book2 English UK - Persian for beginners