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23 [twenty-three]

Learning foreign languages


‫23 [بیست و سه]‬

‫یادگیری زبانهای خارجی‬


Where did you learn Spanish?
‫شما کجا اسپانیایی یاد گرفتید؟‬
shomâ kojâ espâniâ-i yâd gereftid?
Can you also speak Portuguese?
‫پرتقالی هم بلدید؟‬
porteghâli ham baladid?
Yes, and I also speak some Italian.
‫بله، کمی‌ایتالیایی هم بلدم.‬
bale, itâliâ-i ham ghadri baladam.
I think you speak very well.
‫به نظر من شما خیلی خوب صحبت می‌کنید.‬
be nazare man shomâ khyli khub sohbat mikonid.
The languages are quite similar.
‫این ‫زبان ها خیلی شبیه هم هستند.‬
zabân-hâ tâ hade ziâdi shabih-e ham hastand.
I can understand them well.
‫من آنها (زبانها) را خوب متوجه می‌شوم.‬
man ânhâ (zabân-hâ) râ khub motevajeh mishavam.
But speaking and writing is difficult.
‫اما صحبت کردن و نوشتن مشکل است.‬
ammâ sohbat kardan va neveshtan moshkel ast.
I still make many mistakes.
‫من هنوز خیلی اشتباه می‌کنم.‬
man hanuz khyli eshtebâh mikonam.
Please correct me each time.
‫لطفاً هر بار اشتباه مرا تصحیح کنید.‬
lotfan har bâr marâ tas-hih konid.
Your pronunciation is very good.
‫تلفظ شما خیلی خوب است.‬
talafoze shomâ khyli khub ast.
You only have a slight accent.
‫فقط کمی‌لهجه دارید.‬
faghat kami lahje dârid.
One can tell where you come from.
‫می‌شود فهمید اهل کجا هستید.‬
mitavân fahmid ahle kojâ hastid.
What is your mother tongue / native language (am.)?
‫زبان مادری شما چیست؟‬
zabâne mâdari-e shomâ chist?
Are you taking a language course?
‫شما به کلاس زبان می‌روید؟‬
shomâ be kelâse zabân mi-ravid?
Which textbook are you using?
‫از کدام کتاب درسی استفاده می‌کنید؟‬
az kodâm ketâbe darsi estefâde mikonid?
I don’t remember the name right now.
‫الان نمی‌دانم اسم آن چیست.‬
al-ân nemidânam esme ân chist.
The title is not coming to me.
‫عنوان کتاب یادم نمی‌آید.‬
onvâne ketâb yâdam nemi-âyad.
I’ve forgotten it.
‫نام آن را فراموش کرده ام.‬
nâme ân râ farâmush karde-am.

Germanic Languages

The Germanic languages belong to the Indo-European language family. This linguistic group is characterized by its phonological features. Differences in the phonology distinguish these languages from others. There are about 15 Germanic languages. 500 million people worldwide speak them as their native tongue. The exact number of individual languages is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. The most prominent Germanic language is English. It has 350 million native speakers worldwide. After that come German and Dutch. The Germanic languages are divided into different groups. There are North Germanic, West Germanic, and East Germanic. North Germanic languages are the Scandinavian languages. English, German and Dutch are West Germanic languages. The East Germanic languages have all become extinct. Old English, for example, belonged to this group. Colonization spread Germanic languages across the world. As a result, Dutch is understood in the Caribbean and in South Africa. All Germanic languages are derived from a common root. Whether or not there was a uniform proto-language is unclear. Besides that, only a few old Germanic texts exist. Unlike the Romance languages, there are hardly any sources. Research of the Germanic languages is more difficult as a result. Relatively little is also known about the culture of the Germanic people, or Teutons. The people of the Teutons did not unite. As a result there was no common identity. Therefore, science has to rely on other sources. Without Greeks and Romans, we would only know a little about the Teutons!

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Romance language family. It is closely related to Spanish, French and Italian. It is spoken in Andorra, in the *****onia region of Spain and on the Balearic Islands. ______ is also spoken in parts of Aragon and in Valencia. A total of 12 million people speak or understand ______. The language arose between the 8th and 10th century in the Pyrenees region. It then spread to the south and east through territorial conquests. It is important to note that ______ is not a dialect of Spanish.

It evolved from Vulgar Latin and is considered an independent language. Therefore, Spaniards or Latin Americans do not automatically understand it. Many structures of ______ are similar to other Romance languages. But there are also a few features that do not occur in other languages. ______ speakers are very proud of their language. Learning ______ has been actively promoted by political groups for a few centuries. Learn ______ - this language has a future!


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