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21 [twenty-one]

Small Talk 2


‫21 [بیست و یک]‬

‫گفتگوی کوتاه 2‬


Where do you come from?
‫شما از کجا می‌آیید؟‬
shomâ az kojâ mi-âyid?
From Basel.
‫از بازل.‬
az bâzel.
Basel is in Switzerland.
‫بازل در سوییس است.‬
bâzel dar suis gharâr dârad.
May I introduce Mr. Miller?
‫می‌توانم آقای مولر را به شما معرفی کنم؟‬
mitavânam âghâye muler râ be shomâ mo-a-refi konam?
He is a foreigner.
‫او خارجی است.‬
oo khâreji ast.
He speaks several languages.
‫او به چندین زبان صحبت می‌کند.‬
oo be chan-din zabân tasalot dârad.
Are you here for the first time?
‫شما برای اولین بار اینجا هستید؟‬
shomâ barâye av-valin bâr injâ hastid?
No, I was here once last year.
‫نه، من سال گذشته هم اینجا بودم.‬
na, man sâle ghozashte ham injâ budam.
Only for a week, though.
‫اما فقط یک هفته.‬
ammâ tanhâ yek hafte.
How do you like it here?
‫از اینجا خوشتان می‌آید؟‬
az injâ khoshetân mi-ayad?
A lot. The people are nice.
‫خیلی خوب است. مردم خیلی مهربان هستند.‬
mardom besiâr mehrabân hastand.
And I like the scenery, too.
‫و ‫از مناظر اینجا هم خوشم می‌آید.‬
az manâzere injâ ham kho-sham mi-âyad.
What is your profession?
‫شغل شما چیست؟‬
shoghle shomâ chist?
I am a translator.
‫من مترجم هستم.‬
man motarjem hastam.
I translate books.
‫من کتاب ترجمه می‌کنم.‬
man ketâb tarjome mikonam.
Are you alone here?
‫شما اینجا تنها هستید؟‬
shomâ injâ tanhâ hastid?
No, my wife / my husband is also here.
‫نه، خانمم / شوهرم هم اینجاست.‬
na, khânomam / show-haram ham injâst.
And those are my two children.
‫و آنها هم دو فرزند من هستند.‬
va do farzandam ânjâ hastand.

Romance Languages

700 million people speak a Romance language as their native tongue. Thus the Romance language group ranks among the most significant worldwide. Romance languages belong to the Indo-European language family. All Romance languages date back to Latin. This means they are descendants of the language of Rome. The basis of all Romance languages was Vulgar Latin. By which is meant the Latin spoken in late ancient times. Vulgar Latin was spread throughout Europe through Roman conquests. Out of it there then developed the Romance languages and dialects. Latin itself is an Italian language. There are in total about 15 Romance languages. The exact number is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. A few Romance languages have died out over the years. But new languages based on Romance languages have also developed. They are Creole languages. Today, Spanish is the largest Romance language worldwide. It belongs to the world languages with more than 380 million speakers. Romance languages are very interesting for scientists. Because the history of this linguistic group is well-documented. Latin or Roman texts have existed for 2,500 years. Linguists use them to examine the evolution of the individual languages. Thus, the rules from which language develops can be researched. Many of these results can be transferred to other languages. The grammar of Romance languages is similarly constructed. Above all, however, the vocabulary of the languages is similar. If a person speaks one Romance language, he can easily learn another one. Thank you, Latin!

Guess the language!

The ______ language is surely one of the most fascinating. Many people find the writing system especially interesting. It is comprised of Chinese symbols and two syllabaries. Another characteristic of ______ is that it has many dialects. These differ from one another significantly in some cases. Thus it is possible that two speakers from different regions do not understand each other. ______ has a melodic accent. If a word needs to be emphasized it is not spoken louder.

The pitches of the sounds are varied. Approximately 130 million people speak ______. Naturally, the majority of those live in *****. There are also large groups of ______ speakers in Brazil and North America. They are the descendants of ______ emigrants. There are relatively few true second language speakers. That is exactly what should motivate us to learn this exciting language!


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book2 English UK - Persian for beginners