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73 [seventy-three]

to be allowed to

 


‫73 (ثلاثة وسبعون)

‫السماح بفعل شيء

 

 
Are you already allowed to drive?
‫هل سمح لك بقيادة السيارة؟
hal samah lak biqiadat alssayarat?
Are you already allowed to drink alcohol?
‫هل سمح لك بشرب الكحول؟
hal samah lak bisharb alkahul?
Are you already allowed to travel abroad alone?
‫هل سمح لك بالسفر بمفردك إلى الخارج؟
hal samah lak bialssafar bimufradik 'iilaa alkharj?
 
 
 
 
may / to be allowed
‫سمح، أجاز، أمكن
samh, 'ajaza, 'amkan
May we smoke here?
‫أيمكننا التدخين هنا؟
'ayamkanuna alttadkhin hna?
Is smoking allowed here?
‫أمسموح التدخين هنا؟
'amasmuh alttadkhin hna?
 
 
 
 
May one pay by credit card?
‫أيمكن الدفع بالبطاقة الإئتمانية؟
'aymkin alddafe bialbitaqat al'iitimaniat?
May one pay by cheque / check (am.)?
‫أيمكن الدفع بشيك؟
'ayumkin alddafe bshyk?
May one only pay in cash?
‫أيمكن الدفع نقداً؟
'ayamkin alddafe nqdaan?
 
 
 
 
May I just make a call?
‫أيمكنني إجراء مخابرة هاتفية؟
'aymkanni 'iijra' mukhabarat hatafiat?
May I just ask something?
‫هل لي أن أوجه سؤالاً؟
hal li 'an 'awjjih swalaan?
May I just say something?
‫أتسمحون لي بأن أقول شيئاً؟
'atasmahun li bi'ann 'aqul shyyaan?
 
 
 
 
He is not allowed to sleep in the park.
‫لا يسمح له بالنوم في المنتزه.
la yasmah lah bialnnum fi almuntizih.
He is not allowed to sleep in the car.
‫لا يسمح له بالنوم في السيارة.
la yasmah lah bialnnum fi alssayarat.
He is not allowed to sleep at the train station.
‫لا يسمح له بالنوم في محطة القطار.
la yasmah lah bialnnum fi mahattat alqitar.
 
 
 
 
May we take a seat?
‫أيمكننا الجلوس؟
'aymkanna aljullusa?
May we have the menu?
‫ لائحة الطعام، من فضلك؟
layihat alttaeami, min fadlik?
May we pay separately?
‫أيمكننا الدفع كل على حدة؟
'aymkanuna alddafe kl ealaa hiddat?
 
 
 
 
 


How the brain learns new words

When we learn new vocabulary, our brain stores new content. Learning only works with constant repetition. How well our brain stores words is dependent on multiple factors. But the most important thing is that we review vocabulary on a regular basis. Only words that we use or write often get stored. It could be said that these words are archived like images. This principle of learning is also true in apes. Apes can learn to "read" words, if they see them often enough. Although they don't understand the words, they recognize them by their form. In order to speak a language fluently, we need many words. For that, the vocabulary must be well organized. Because our memory functions like an archive. In order to find a word quickly, it must know where to search. Therefore it's better to learn words in a particular context. Then our brain will always be able to open the correct "file". But even that which we have learned well can be forgotten. In this case, the knowledge moves from the active into the passive memory. By forgetting, we free ourselves of knowledge we don't need. This is how our brain makes room for new and more important things. Therefore, it is important that we activate our knowledge on a regular basis. But that which is in the passive memory isn't lost forever. When we see a forgotten word, we remember it again. We learn that which we've learned before more quickly the second time. He who wants to expand his vocabulary must also expand his hobbies. Because each of us has certain interests. Therefore, we typically busy ourselves with the same things. But a language consists of many different semantic fields. A person interested in politics should also read sports papers sometime!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Aryan languages. It is spoken in most of the states of northern and central India. ______ is closely related to the Urdu language that is primarily spoken in Pakistan. For all intents and purposes, the two languages are almost identical. The crucial difference is in the writing system. ______ is written in Devanagari. On the other hand, Urdu uses the Arabic semiotic system. Distinctive for ______ are the many dialects.

These differ, sometimes strongly, from one another due to the country's size. ______ is the native language of 370 million people. An additional 150 million people are proficient in ______ as a second language. With that, ______ is among the most spoken languages of the world. It is in second place after Chinese. So it comes before Spanish and English! And India's influence in the world is growing rapidly!

 

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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners