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73 [seventy-three]

to be allowed to

 


‫73 [ثلاثة وسبعون]‬

‫السماح بعمل شيء‬

 

 
Are you already allowed to drive?
‫هل صرت ُيسمح لك أن تقود سيارة؟‬
hal serta yosmah lak an takooda sayyara?
Are you already allowed to drink alcohol?
‫هل صرت ُيسمح لك أن تشرب الخمر؟‬
hal serta yosmah lak an tashrab elkhamr?
Are you already allowed to travel abroad alone?
‫هل صرت يُسمح لك أن تسافر لوحدك إلى الخارج؟‬
hal serta yosmah lak an tosaafer liwahdek ilaalkhaarej?
 
 
 
 
may / to be allowed
‫يسمح أن ، يجوز‬
yosmah an , yajooz
May we smoke here?
‫هل يُسمح لنا أن ندخن هنا؟‬
hal yosmah lanaa an norakhen honaa?
Is smoking allowed here?
‫هل يُسمح بالتدخين هنا؟‬
hal yosmah bettadkhiin honaa?
 
 
 
 
May one pay by credit card?
‫هل يجوز السداد ببطاقة الائتمان؟‬
hal yajooz essadaad bibtaakat eli'timaan?
May one pay by cheque / check (am.)?
‫هل يجوز السداد بالشيك؟‬
hal yajooz essadaadbeshshiik?
May one only pay in cash?
‫هل يجوز الدفع كاش فقط؟‬
hal yajooz eddafaa kaash fakat?
 
 
 
 
May I just make a call?
‫أتسمح لي مجرد أن أتصل بالتلفون؟‬
atasmah lii mojarrad an attasila bettelifoon?
May I just ask something?
‫أتسمح لي مجرد سؤال؟‬
atasmah lii mojarrad sou'aal ?
May I just say something?
‫أتسمح لي مجرد أن أقول شيئًا؟‬
atasmah lii mojarrad an akoola shay'an?
 
 
 
 
He is not allowed to sleep in the park.
‫لا يسمح له أن ينام في المنتزه.‬
laa yosmah lahoo an yanaama fil montazah
He is not allowed to sleep in the car.
‫لا يسمح له أن ينام في السيارة.‬
laa yosmah lahoo an yanaama fissayyara
He is not allowed to sleep at the train station.
‫لا يسمح له أن ينام في محطة القطار.‬
laa yosmah lahoo an yanaam fi mahattat elkitaar
 
 
 
 
May we take a seat?
‫أتسمح أن نحلس؟‬
atasmah an najles?
May we have the menu?
‫أتسمح بقائمة الطعام؟‬
atasmah bikaa'imat ettaeaam?
May we pay separately?
‫هل يجوز أن ندفع منفصلين؟‬
hal yajooz an nadfaea monfasilayn?
 
 
 
 
 


How the brain learns new words

When we learn new vocabulary, our brain stores new content. Learning only works with constant repetition. How well our brain stores words is dependent on multiple factors. But the most important thing is that we review vocabulary on a regular basis. Only words that we use or write often get stored. It could be said that these words are archived like images. This principle of learning is also true in apes. Apes can learn to "read" words, if they see them often enough. Although they don't understand the words, they recognize them by their form. In order to speak a language fluently, we need many words. For that, the vocabulary must be well organized. Because our memory functions like an archive. In order to find a word quickly, it must know where to search. Therefore it's better to learn words in a particular context. Then our brain will always be able to open the correct "file". But even that which we have learned well can be forgotten. In this case, the knowledge moves from the active into the passive memory. By forgetting, we free ourselves of knowledge we don't need. This is how our brain makes room for new and more important things. Therefore, it is important that we activate our knowledge on a regular basis. But that which is in the passive memory isn't lost forever. When we see a forgotten word, we remember it again. We learn that which we've learned before more quickly the second time. He who wants to expand his vocabulary must also expand his hobbies. Because each of us has certain interests. Therefore, we typically busy ourselves with the same things. But a language consists of many different semantic fields. A person interested in politics should also read sports papers sometime!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Aryan languages. It is spoken in most of the states of northern and central India. ______ is closely related to the Urdu language that is primarily spoken in Pakistan. For all intents and purposes, the two languages are almost identical. The crucial difference is in the writing system. ______ is written in Devanagari. On the other hand, Urdu uses the Arabic semiotic system. Distinctive for ______ are the many dialects.

These differ, sometimes strongly, from one another due to the country's size. ______ is the native language of 370 million people. An additional 150 million people are proficient in ______ as a second language. With that, ______ is among the most spoken languages of the world. It is in second place after Chinese. So it comes before Spanish and English! And India's influence in the world is growing rapidly!

 

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