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93 [ninety-three]

Subordinate clauses: if

 


৯৩ [তিরানব্বই]

সাবর্ডিনেট ক্লজ: যদি / কি না

 

 
I don’t know if he loves me.
আমি জানিনা সে আমাকে ভালবাসে কি না ৷
Āmi jāninā sē āmākē bhālabāsē ki nā
I don’t know if he’ll come back.
আমি জানিনা সে ফিরে আসবে কি না ৷
Āmi jāninā sē phirē āsabē ki nā
I don’t know if he’ll call me.
আমি জানিনা সে আমাকে ফোন করবে কি না ৷
Āmi jāninā sē āmākē phōna karabē ki nā
 
 
 
 
Maybe he doesn’t love me?
সে আর আমাকে ভালবাসে কি না?
Sē āra āmākē bhālabāsē ki nā?
Maybe he won’t come back?
সে আর ফিরে আসবে কি না?
Sē āra phirē āsabē ki nā?
Maybe he won’t call me?
সে আর আমাকে ফোন করবে কি না?
Sē āra āmākē phōna karabē ki nā?
 
 
 
 
I wonder if he thinks about me.
আমি জানি না যে সে আমার কথা ভাবে কি না ৷
Āmi jāni nā yē sē āmāra kathā bhābē ki nā
I wonder if he has someone else.
আমি জানি না যে তার অন্য আর কেউ আছে কি না ৷
Āmi jāni nā yē tāra an´ya āra kē´u āchē ki nā
I wonder if he lies.
আমি জানি না যে সে মিথ্যে কথা বলছে কি না ৷
Āmi jāni nā yē sē mithyē kathā balachē ki nā
 
 
 
 
Maybe he thinks of me?
হয়ত সে আমার কথা ভাবে?
Haẏata sē āmāra kathā bhābē?
Maybe he has someone else?
হয়ত তার অন্য আর কেউ আছে?
Haẏata tāra an´ya āra kē´u āchē?
Maybe he tells me the truth?
হয়ত সে সত্যি কথা বলছে?
Haẏata sē satyi kathā balachē?
 
 
 
 
I doubt whether he really likes me.
আমার সন্দেহ হচ্ছে যে সে সত্যিই আমাকে পছন্দ করে কি না ৷
Āmāra sandēha hacchē yē sē satyi´i āmākē pachanda karē ki nā
I doubt whether he’ll write to me.
আমার সন্দেহ হচ্ছে যে সে আমাকে চিঠি লিখবে কি না ৷
Āmāra sandēha hacchē yē sē āmākē ciṭhi likhabē ki nā
I doubt whether he’ll marry me.
আমার সন্দেহ হচ্ছে যে সে আমাকে বিয়ে করবে কি না ৷
Āmāra sandēha hacchē yē sē āmākē biẏē karabē ki nā
 
 
 
 
Does he really like me?
সে কি সত্যিই আমাকে ভালবাসে?
Sē ki satyi´i āmākē bhālabāsē?
Will he write to me?
সে কি আমাকে চিঠি লিখবে?
Sē ki āmākē ciṭhi likhabē?
Will he marry me?
সে কি আমাকে বিয়ে করবে?
Sē ki āmākē biẏē karabē?
 
 
 
 
 

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How does the brain learn grammar?

We begin to learn our native language as babies. This happens automatically. We are not aware of it. Our brain has to accomplish a great deal when learning, however. When we learn grammar, for example, it has a lot of work to do. Every day it hears new things. It receives new stimuli constantly. The brain can't process every stimulus individually, however. It has to act economically. Therefore, it orients itself toward regularity. The brain remembers what it hears often. It registers how often a specific thing occurs. Then it makes a grammatical rule out of these examples. Children know whether a sentence is correct or not. However, they don't know why that is. Their brain knows the rules without having learned them. Adults learn languages differently. They already know the structures of their native language. These build the basis for the new grammatical rules. But in order to learn, adults need teaching. When the brain learns grammar, it has a fixed system. This can be seen with nouns and verbs, for example. They are stored in different regions of the brain. Different areas of the brain are active when processing them. Simple rules are also learned differently than complex rules. With complex rules, more areas of the brain work together. How exactly the brain learns grammar hasn't been researched yet. However, we know that it can theoretically learn every grammar rule…

Guess the language!

______ is among the languages that dominate the book market. Great works in world literature were written by ______ authors. Thus many books are translated from ______. ______s also enjoy reading new texts so translators always have a lot to do. ______ is the native language of about 160 million people. Additionally, many people in other Slavic countries speak ______. With that, ______ is the most widespread language in Europe. Approximately 280 million people speak ______ worldwide.

As an Eastern Slavic language, ______ is related to Ukrainian and Belarusian. ______ grammar is structured very systematically. That is an advantage for people who like to think analytically and logically. ______ is absolutely worth learning! ______ is an important language in science, art and technology. And wouldn't it be nice to be able to read famous ______ literary works in their original form?

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