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67 [sixty-seven]

Possessive pronouns 2

 


‫67 [سبعة وستون]‬

‫ضمائر الملكية 2‬

 

 
the glasses
‫النظارة‬
ennadhdhaara
He has forgotten his glasses.
‫لقد نسى نظارته.‬
lakad nasaa nadhdharataho
Where has he left his glasses?
‫أين ترك نظارته يا ترى؟‬
ayna tarak nadhdharataho yaa toraa?
 
 
 
 
the clock
‫الساعة‬
assaea
His clock isn’t working.
‫ساعته تالفة.‬
saeatoho taalifa
The clock hangs on the wall.
‫الساعة معلقة على الحائط.‬
assaea moallaka ala elhaa'et
 
 
 
 
the passport
‫جواز السفر‬
jawaaz essafar
He has lost his passport.
‫لقد فقد جواز سفره.‬
lakad fakada jawaaz safarihi
Where is his passport then?
‫أين ترك جواز سفره يا ترى؟‬
ayna taraka jwaaz safarh yaa toraa?
 
 
 
 
they – their
‫هم / هن – هم, هن = الخاص بهم، بهن‬
hom/honna-hom,honna = elkhas bihom, bihonna
The children cannot find their parents.
‫لا يستطيع اللأطفال أن يجدوا والديهم.‬
laa yastatiia elatfaal an yajidoo waalidahom
Here come their parents!
‫لكن ها هم الوالدان قادمون هناك!‬
laken haa hom elwaalidaan kadimoon honaak!
 
 
 
 
you – your
‫أنتم ـ كُم = الخاص بكم‬
antom - kom = elkhaas bikom
How was your trip, Mr. Miller?
‫كيف كانت رحلة حضرتكم سيد مولر؟‬
kayfa kaant rehlat hadhratkom sayyed mooler?
Where is your wife, Mr. Miller?
‫أين زوجة حضرتكم سيد مولر؟‬
ayna zawjat hadratkom sayyed mooler?
 
 
 
 
you – your
‫أنتِ – ك ، حضرتك = الخاص بكِ‬
anti-k, hadhratoki = elkhaas biki
How was your trip, Mrs. Smith?
‫كيف كانت رحلة حضرتكِ مدام شميت؟‬
kayfa kaanat rehlat hadratoki mdaam shmiit?
Where is your husband, Mrs. Smith?
‫أين زوج حضرتكِ مدام شميت؟‬
ayna zawjou hadhratoki mdaam shmiit?
 
 
 
 
 


Genetic mutation makes speaking possible

Man is the only living creature on Earth that can speak. This distinguishes him from animals and plants. Of course animals and plants also communicate with each other. However, they do not speak a complex syllable language. But why can man speak? Certain physical features are needed in order to be able to speak. These physical features are only found in humans. However, that does not necessarily mean that man developed them. In evolutionary history, nothing happens without a reason. Somewhere along the line, man began to speak. We do not yet know when exactly that was. But something must have happened that gave man speech. Researchers believe that a genetic mutation was responsible. Anthropologists have compared the genetic material of various living beings. It is well known that a particular gene influences speech. People in which it is damaged have problems with speech. They can't express themselves well and have a hard time understanding words. This gene was examined in people, apes, and mice. It is very similar in humans and chimpanzees. Only two small differences can be identified. But these differences make their presence known in the brain. Together with other genes, they influence certain brain activities. Thus humans can speak, whereas apes cannot. However, the riddle of the human language is not yet solved. For the gene mutation alone is not enough to enable speech. Researchers implanted the human gene variant in mice. It didn't give them the ability to speak… But their squeaks made quite a racket!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is thereby related to Finnish and Hungarian. However, parallels to Hungarian are only slightly noticeable. Many think that ______ is similar to Latvian or Lithuanian. That is completely false, however. Both of those languages belong to a completely different language family. ______ does not have any grammatical genders. There is no differentiation between feminine and masculine.

Instead there are 14 different cases. The orthography is not very difficult. It is determined by the pronunciation. This should definitely be practiced with a native speaker. If you want to learn ______, you need discipline and a little patience. ______s are happy to overlook little mistakes made by foreigners. They are excited to meet anyone who is interested in their language!

 

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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners