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67 [sixty-seven]

Possessive pronouns 2

 


‫67 (سبعة وستون)

‫ضمائر الملكية 2

 

 
the glasses
‫نظارة
nizara
He has forgotten his glasses.
‫لقد نسي نظارته.
laqad nasi nizaratah.
Where has he left his glasses?
‫أين نظارته، يا ترى؟
ayn nizaratuhu, ya taraa?
 
 
 
 
the clock
‫الساعة
alssaea
His clock isn’t working.
‫ساعته تلفت.
saeath talaffat.
The clock hangs on the wall.
‫الساعة معلقة على الحائط.
alssaeat mueallaqat ealaa alhayit.
 
 
 
 
the passport
‫جواز السفر
jawaz alssafar
He has lost his passport.
‫لقد فقد جواز سفره.
laqad faqad jawaz safrih.
Where is his passport then?
‫أين جواز سفره، يا ترى؟
ayn jawaz sufrih, ya taraa?
 
 
 
 
they – their
‫هم ـــــــــ ــهم/هنّ ــــــــ ــــــــهنّ
hum hm/hn hn
The children cannot find their parents.
‫لا يمكن للأطفال العثور على والديهم.
la yumkin lil'atfal aleuthur ealaa walidayhim.
Here come their parents!
‫ولكن ها قد أتى والداهم.
walakun ha qad 'ataa waldahum.
 
 
 
 
you – your
‫حضرتك ــــــــ ــــــــكَ
hadratuk k
How was your trip, Mr. Miller?
‫كيف كانت رحلتك، سيد مولر؟
kayf kanat rihlatuku, syd mulran?
Where is your wife, Mr. Miller?
‫أين زوجتك، سيد مولر؟
'ayn zawjatuka, syd mulran?
 
 
 
 
you – your
‫حضرتُكِ ــــــــ ـــــــكِ
hdrtuk k
How was your trip, Mrs. Smith?
‫كيف كانت رحلتك، سيدة شميت؟
kayf kanat rihlatuka, sayidat shamitan?
Where is your husband, Mrs. Smith?
‫أين زوجك، سيدة شميت؟
'ayn zujika, sayidat shammiatan?
 
 
 
 
 


Genetic mutation makes speaking possible

Man is the only living creature on Earth that can speak. This distinguishes him from animals and plants. Of course animals and plants also communicate with each other. However, they do not speak a complex syllable language. But why can man speak? Certain physical features are needed in order to be able to speak. These physical features are only found in humans. However, that does not necessarily mean that man developed them. In evolutionary history, nothing happens without a reason. Somewhere along the line, man began to speak. We do not yet know when exactly that was. But something must have happened that gave man speech. Researchers believe that a genetic mutation was responsible. Anthropologists have compared the genetic material of various living beings. It is well known that a particular gene influences speech. People in which it is damaged have problems with speech. They can't express themselves well and have a hard time understanding words. This gene was examined in people, apes, and mice. It is very similar in humans and chimpanzees. Only two small differences can be identified. But these differences make their presence known in the brain. Together with other genes, they influence certain brain activities. Thus humans can speak, whereas apes cannot. However, the riddle of the human language is not yet solved. For the gene mutation alone is not enough to enable speech. Researchers implanted the human gene variant in mice. It didn't give them the ability to speak… But their squeaks made quite a racket!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is thereby related to Finnish and Hungarian. However, parallels to Hungarian are only slightly noticeable. Many think that ______ is similar to Latvian or Lithuanian. That is completely false, however. Both of those languages belong to a completely different language family. ______ does not have any grammatical genders. There is no differentiation between feminine and masculine.

Instead there are 14 different cases. The orthography is not very difficult. It is determined by the pronunciation. This should definitely be practiced with a native speaker. If you want to learn ______, you need discipline and a little patience. ______s are happy to overlook little mistakes made by foreigners. They are excited to meet anyone who is interested in their language!

 

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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners