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40 [forty]

Asking for directions


‫40 [چهل]‬

‫سؤال پرسی در مورد مسیر حرکت‬


Excuse me!
‫معذرت می‌خواهم!‬
ma-azerat mikhâ-ham!
Can you help me?
‫می‌توانید به من کمک کنید؟‬
mitavânid be man komak konid?
Is there a good restaurant around here?
‫در‫ این اطراف رستوران خوبی هست؟‬
dar in âtraf resturâne khubi vojud dârad?
Take a left at the corner.
‫سر نبش، سمت چپ بروید.‬
sare nabsh, samte chap beravid.
Then go straight for a while.
‫بعد یک مقدار مستقیم بروید.‬
sepas meghdâri mostaghim beravid.
Then go right for a hundred metres / meters (am.).
‫بعد صد متر به طرف راست بروید.‬
ba-ad sad metr be tarafe râst beravid.
You can also take the bus.
‫با اتوبوس هم می‌توانید بروید.‬
bâ otobus ham mitavânid beravid.
You can also take the tram.
‫با مترو هم می‌توانید بروید.‬
bâ metro ham mitavânid beravid.
You can also follow me with your car.
‫اصلآ می‌توانید پشت سر من حرکت کنید.‬
aslan mitavânid poshte sare man harekat konid.
How do I get to the football / soccer (am.) stadium?
‫چطور به استادیوم فوتبال بروم؟‬
chegune be estâdiume footbâl beravam?
Cross the bridge!
‫از پل عبور کنید / پل را رد کنید.‬
az pol obur konid.
Go through the tunnel!
‫از تونل عبور کنید / تونل را رد کنید.‬
az tunel obur konid.
Drive until you reach the third traffic light.
‫تا سومین چراغ راهنما بروید.‬
tâ sev-vomin cherâgh-e râhnamâ beravid.
Then turn into the first street on your right.
‫سپس اولین خیابان به سمت راست بپیچید.‬
sepas avalin khiâbân be tarafe râst bepichid.
Then drive straight through the next intersection.
‫و از چهارراه بعدی عبور کنید.‬
va ba-ad az cha-hâr râh obur konid.
Excuse me, how do I get to the airport?
‫ببخشید، چطور به فرودگاه بروم؟‬
bebakhshid, chegune be forudgâh beravam?
It is best if you take the underground / subway (am.).
‫بهترین راه این است که با مترو بروید.‬
behtarin râh in ast ke bâ metro beravid.
Simply get out at the last stop.
‫تا آخرین ایستگاه بروید.‬
ta âkharin istgâh beravid.

The language of animals

When we want to express ourselves, we use our speech. Animals have their own language as well. And they use it exactly like us humans. That is to say, they talk to each other in order to exchange information. Basically each animal species has a particular language. Even termites communicate with each other. When in danger, they slap their bodies on the ground. This is their way of warning each other. Other animal species whistle when they approach enemies. Bees speak with each other through dancing. Through this, they show other bees where there is something to eat. Whales make sounds that can be heard from 5,000 kilometers away. They communicate with each other through special songs. Elephants also give each other various acoustic signals. But humans cannot hear them. Most animal languages are very complicated. They consist of a combination of different signs. Acoustic, chemical and optical signals are used. Aside from that, animals use various gestures. By now, humans have learned the language of pets. They know when dogs are happy. And they can recognize when cats want to be left alone. However, dogs and cats speak very different languages. Many signals are even exact opposites. It was long believed that these two animals simply didn't like each other. But they just misunderstand each other. That leads to problems between dogs and cats. So even animals fight because of misunderstandings…

Guess the language!

______an is the native language of about 12 million people. The majority of those people live in ______a and other countries in southeastern Europe. ______an is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is closely related to Croatian and Bosnian. The grammar and vocabulary are very similar. Such being the case, it is easy for ______ans, Croatians, and Bosnians to understand each other. The ______an alphabet contains 30 letters. Each one has a distinct pronunciation.

Parallels to ancient tonal languages can be found in the intonation. In Chinese, for example, the pitch of the syllables changes with the meaning. That is similar to ______an. However, in this case only the pitch of the accented syllable plays a role. The strongly inflectional language structure is another hallmark of ______an. That means that nouns, verbs, adjectives and pronouns are always inflected. If you are interested in grammatical structures, you should definitely learn ______an!


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