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29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1


29 [είκοσι εννέα]

Στο εστιατόριο 1


Is this table taken?
Το τραπέζι είναι ελεύθερο;
To trapézi eínai eléfthero?
I would like the menu, please.
Θα ήθελα το μενού παρακαλώ.
Tha íthela to menoú parakaló.
What would you recommend?
Τι μπορείτε να προτείνετε;
Ti boreíte na proteínete?
I’d like a beer.
Θα ήθελα μία μπύρα.
Tha íthela mía býra.
I’d like a mineral water.
Θα ήθελα ένα μεταλλικό νερό.
Tha íthela éna metallikó neró.
I’d like an orange juice.
Θα ήθελα έναν χυμό πορτοκάλι.
Tha íthela énan chymó portokáli.
I’d like a coffee.
Θα ήθελα έναν καφέ.
Tha íthela énan kafé.
I’d like a coffee with milk.
Θα ήθελα έναν καφέ με γάλα.
Tha íthela énan kafé me gála.
With sugar, please.
Με ζάχαρη παρακαλώ.
Me záchari parakaló.
I’d like a tea.
Θα ήθελα ένα τσάι.
Tha íthela éna tsái.
I’d like a tea with lemon.
Θα ήθελα ένα τσάι με λεμόνι.
Tha íthela éna tsái me lemóni.
I’d like a tea with milk.
Θα ήθελα ένα τσάι με γάλα.
Tha íthela éna tsái me gála.
Do you have cigarettes?
Έχετε τσιγάρα;
Échete tsigára?
Do you have an ashtray?
Έχετε ένα σταχτοδοχείο;
Échete éna stachtodocheío?
Do you have a light?
Έχετε φωτιά;
Échete fotiá?
I’m missing a fork.
Δεν έχω πηρούνι.
Den écho piroúni.
I’m missing a knife.
Δεν έχω μαχαίρι.
Den écho machaíri.
I’m missing a spoon.
Δεν έχω κουτάλι.
Den écho koutáli.

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…

Guess the language!

______ is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in *********. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages.

The neighboring country of Serbia has especially influenced the ______ language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for ______ to establish itself as its own language. ______ literature has especially suffered from this situation. ______ is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the ______ identity.


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book2 English UK - Greek for beginners