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5 [five]

Countries and Languages


৫ [পাঁচ]

বিভিন্ন দেশ এবং ভাষা


John is from London.
জন লন্ডন থেকে এসেছে ৷
jana lanḍana thēkē ēsēchē
London is in Great Britain.
লন্ডন গ্রেট ব্রিটেনে অবস্থিত ৷
lanḍana grēṭa briṭēnē abasthita
He speaks English.
সে (ও) ইংরেজীতে কথা বলে ৷
sē (ō) inrējītē kathā balē
Maria is from Madrid.
মারিয়া মাদ্রিদ থেকে এসেছে ৷
māriẏā mādrida thēkē ēsēchē
Madrid is in Spain.
মাদ্রিদ স্পেনে অবস্থিত ৷
mādrida spēnē abasthita
She speaks Spanish.
ও স্প্যানিশ ভাষা বলে ৷
ō spyāniśa bhāṣā balē
Peter and Martha are from Berlin.
পিটার এবং মার্থা বার্লিন থেকে এসেছে ৷
piṭāra ēbaṁ mārthā bārlina thēkē ēsēchē
Berlin is in Germany.
বার্লিন জার্মানীতে অবস্থিত ৷
bārlina jārmānītē abasthita
Do both of you speak German?
তোমরা দুজনেই কি জার্মান বল?
tōmarā dujanē'i ki jārmāna bala?
London is a capital city.
লণ্ডন একটি রাজধানী ৷
Laṇḍana ēkaṭi rājadhānī
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities.
মাদ্রিদ এবং বার্লিনও রাজধানী ৷
mādrida ēbaṁ bārlina'ō rājadhānī
Capital cities are big and noisy.
রাজধানীগুলো বড় এবং কোলাহলপূর্ণ হয় ৷
rājadhānīgulō baṛa ēbaṁ kōlāhalapūrṇa haẏa
France is in Europe.
ফ্রান্স ইউরোপে অবস্থিত ৷
phrānsa i'urōpē abasthita
Egypt is in Africa.
মিশর আফ্রিকায় অবস্থিত ৷
miśara āphrikāẏa abasthita
Japan is in Asia.
জাপান এশিয়ায় অবস্থিত ৷
jāpāna ēśiẏāẏa abasthita
Canada is in North America.
কানাডা উত্তর আমেরিকায় অবস্থিত ৷
kānāḍā uttara āmērikāẏa abasthita
Panama is in Central America.
পানামা মধ্য আমেরিকায় অবস্থিত ৷
pānāmā madhya āmērikāẏa abasthita
Brazil is in South America.
ব্রাজিল দক্ষিণ আমেরিকায় অবস্থিত ৷
brājila dakṣiṇa āmērikāẏa abasthita

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!

Guess the language!

Bulgarian is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak Bulgarian. The majority of those people, of course, live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. Bulgarian is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking.

These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. Bulgarian verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in Bulgarian. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!


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