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74 [seventy-four]

asking for something





Can you cut my hair?
ਜੰਗਲੀ ਫੁੱਲ
kī tusīṁ mērē vāla kaṭa sakadē hō?
Not too short, please.
Bahuta chōṭē nā karanā.
A bit shorter, please.
Thōṛhē hōra chōṭē kara di'ō.
Can you develop the pictures?
Kī tusīṁ tasavīra khica sakadē hō?
The pictures are on the CD.
ਪੀਲੇ ਫੁੱਲ
Tasavīrāṁ sīḍī vica hana.
The pictures are in the camera.
Tasavīrāṁ kaimarē vica hana.
Can you fix the clock?
Kī tusīṁ ghaṛī ṭhīka kara sakadē hō?
The glass is broken.
Kaca ṭuṭa gi'ā hai.
The battery is dead / empty.
Baiṭarī khālī hai.
Can you iron the shirt?
Kī tusīṁ kamīza nū praisa kara sakadē hō?
Can you clean the pants / trousers?
Kī tusīṁ patalūna sāpha kara sakadē hō?
Can you fix the shoes?
Kī tusīṁ jutī ṭhīka kara sakadē hō?
Do you have a light?
Kī tusīṁ mainū sulagā'uṇa la'ī kujha dē sakadē hō?
Do you have a match or a lighter?
Kī tuhāḍē kōla mācisa jāṁ lā'īṭara hai?
Do you have an ashtray?
Kī tuhāḍē kōla rākhadānī hai?
Do you smoke cigars?
ਜੈਤੂਨ ਦਰੱਖਤ
Kī tusīṁ sigaraṭa pīndē hō?
Do you smoke cigarettes?
ਤਾੜ ਦਾ ਦਰੱਖਤ
Kī tusīṁ sigaraṭa pīndē hō?
Do you smoke a pipe?
Kī tusīṁ pā'īpa pīndē hō?

Learning and reading

Learning and reading belong together. Of course, this is especially true when learning foreign languages. He who wants to learn a new language well must read many texts. When reading literature in a foreign language, we process entire sentences. Our brain learns vocabulary and grammar in context. This helps it to save the new content easily. Our memory has a harder time remembering individual words. By reading, we learn which meaning words can have. As a result, we develop a sense for the new language. Naturally, the foreign-language literature must not be too difficult. Modern short stories or crime novels are often entertaining. Daily newspapers have the advantage that they are always current. Children's books or comics are also suitable for learning. The pictures facilitate the understanding of the new language. Regardless of which literature you select – it should be entertaining! That means, a lot should happen in the story so that the language is varied. If you don't find anything, special textbooks can also be used. There are many books with simple texts for beginners. It's important to always use a dictionary when reading. Whenever you don't understand a word, you should look it up. Our brain is activated by reading and learns new things quickly. For all words that one does not understand, one compiles a file. This way those words can be reviewed often. It also helps to highlight unfamiliar words in the text. Then, you'll recognize them right away the next time. You will progress much quicker if you read a foreign language daily. For our brain learns quickly to imitate the new language. It can happen that you even think in the foreign language eventually…

Guess the language!

______ is spoken by more than 160 million people. It is the native language of only 30 million, however. This is due to the fact that almost 500 different ethnic groups live in *********. They speak 250 different languages that branch out into many dialects. Such a linguistic variety can naturally lead to problems. Today's ______ has thus been implemented as the standardized national language. It is taught in every school in addition to the native language. ______ is counted among the Austronesian languages.

It is so closely related to Malay that the two languages are considered almost identical. There are many advantages to learning ______. The grammar rules are not very complicated. The orthography is also not difficult. You can base pronunciation on the spelling. Many ______ words come from other languages, which makes learning easier. And soon ______ will be one of the most important languages of the world!


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book2 English UK - Punjabi for beginners