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13 [thirteen]

Activities

 


‫13 [ثلاثة عشر]‬

‫الأنشطة والأعمال‬

 

 
What does Martha do?
‫ماذا تعمل مارتا؟‬
matha taamal marta?
She works at an office.
‫هي تشتغل في المكتب؟.‬
hia tashtaghil fi elmaktab?
She works on the computer.
‫هي تشتغل على الكمبيوتر.‬
hia tashtaghil alaa elkombiyooter
 
 
 
 
Where is Martha?
‫أين مارتا؟‬
ayna marta?
At the cinema.
‫فى السينما.‬
fii essinima
She is watching a film.
‫هي تشاهد فيلمًا.‬
hal toshahid filman
 
 
 
 
What does Peter do?
‫ماذا يعمل بيتر؟‬
madha yaamal biiter?
He studies at the university.
‫هو يدرس في الجامعة.‬
howa yadross fi eljamiaa
He studies languages.
‫هو يدرس لغات.‬
howa yadross loghaat
 
 
 
 
Where is Peter?
‫أين بيتر؟‬
ayna biiter?
At the café.
‫فى المقهى.‬
fii elmaqhaa
He is drinking coffee.
‫هو يشرب قهوة.‬
howa yashrabo kahwa
 
 
 
 
Where do they like to go?
‫إلى أين يحبون أن يذهبوا؟‬
ilaa ayna yohibboon an yadhhaboo؟
To a concert.
‫إلى الحفلة الموسيقية.‬
ilaa elhaffla elmoosikia
They like to listen to music.
‫هم يحبون سماع الموسيقى.‬
hom yohibboon samaae elmoosikaa
 
 
 
 
Where do they not like to go?
‫إلى أين لا يحبون أن يذهبوا؟‬
ilaa ayna laa yohibboon an yadhhaboo؟
To the disco.
‫إلى الديسكو.‬
ilaa eddiskoo
They do not like to dance.
‫هم لا يحبون الرقص.‬
hom laa yohibboon errakess
 
 
 
 
 


Creole Languages

Did you know that German is spoken in the South Pacific? It's really true! In parts of Papua New Guinea and Australia, people speak Unserdeutsch. It is a Creole language. Creole languages emerge in language contact situations. That is, when multiple different languages encounter one another. By now, many Creole languages are almost extinct. But worldwide 15 million people still speak a Creole language. Creole languages are always native languages. It's different with Pidgin languages. Pidgin languages are very simplified forms of speech. They are only good for very basic communication. Most Creole languages originated in the colonial era. Therefore, Creole languages are often based on European languages. One characteristic of Creole languages is a limited vocabulary. Creole languages have their own phonology too. The grammar of Creole languages is heavily simplified. Complicated rules are simply ignored by the speakers. Each Creole language is an important component of national identity. As a result, there is a lot of literature written in Creole languages. Creole languages are especially interesting for linguists. This is because they demonstrate how languages develop and later die out. So the development of language can be studied in Creole languages. They also prove that languages can change and adapt. The discipline used to research Creole languages is Creolistics, or Creology. One of the best-known sentences in the Creole language comes from Jamaica. Bob Marley made it world famous – do you know it? It's No woman, no cry! (= No, woman, don't cry!)

Guess the language!

______ is the native language of approximately 5 million people. It is counted among the ****o-Ugrian languages. It is closely related to Estonian, and very distantly related to Hungarian. As a Uralic language, it strongly differentiates itself from the Indo-Germanic languages. An example of this is its agglutinating language structure. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixed syllables. This is how long words originate that are so typical for ______. Another hallmark of ______ is its many vowels.

______ grammar distinguishes between 15 different cases. It is important to clearly separate long and short sounds in the intonation. Written and spoken ______ are noticeably different from each other. This phenomenon is less pronounced in other European languages. All of this makes ______ not especially easy. But all rules are consistently upheld. And the nice thing about ______ is that it is so completely logical!

 

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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners