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18 [eighteen]

House cleaning

 


‫18 [اٹھارہ]‬

‫گھر صاف کرنا‬

 

 
Today is Saturday.
‫آج ہفتہ ہے‬
aaj hafta hai
We have time today.
‫آج ہمارے پاس وقت ہے‬
aaj hamaray paas waqt hai
We are cleaning the apartment today.
‫آج ہم فلیٹ کی صفائ کریں گے‬
aaj hum flat ki sfay karen ge
 
 
 
 
I am cleaning the bathroom.
‫میں باتھروم صاف کروں گا‬
mein saaf karoon ga
My husband is washing the car.
‫میرا شوہر گاڑی دھوئے گا‬
mera shohar gaari ga
The children are cleaning the bicycles.
‫بچے سائیکلوں کو صاف کریں گے‬
bachay cyclon ko saaf karen ge
 
 
 
 
Grandma is watering the flowers.
‫دادی پھولوں کو پانی دے رہی ہے‬
dadi phoolon ko pani daal rahi hai
The children are cleaning up the children’s room.
‫بچے اپنے کمرے کو صاف کر رہے ہیں‬
bachay apne kamray ko saaf kar rahay hain
My husband is tidying up his desk.
‫میرا شوہر کام کرنے کی میز کو صاف کر رہا ہے‬
mera kaam karne ki maiz ko saaf kar raha hai
 
 
 
 
I am putting the laundry in the washing machine.
‫میں واشنگ مشین میں میلے کپڑے ڈال رہی ہوں‬
mein vashng machine mein melay kapray daal rahi hon
I am hanging up the laundry.
‫میں کپڑے لٹکا رہی ہوں‬
mein kapray latka rahi hon
I am ironing the clothes.
‫میں کپڑے استری کر رہی ہوں‬
mein kapray istri kar rahi hon
 
 
 
 
The windows are dirty.
‫کھڑکیاں گندی ہیں‬
khirkiyan gandi ho rahi hain
The floor is dirty.
‫فرش گندہ ہے‬
farsh gandah hai
The dishes are dirty.
‫برتن گندے ہیں‬
bartan ganday hain
 
 
 
 
Who washes the windows?
‫کھڑکی کون صاف کرے گا؟‬
khirki kon saaf kare ga?
Who does the vacuuming?
‫گرد کون صاف کرے گا؟‬
gird kon saaf kare ga?
Who does the dishes?
‫برتن کون دھوئے گا؟‬
bartan kon dhuain ga?
 
 
 
 


Early Learning

Today, foreign languages are becoming more and more important. This also applies to professional life. As a result, the number of people learning foreign languages has increased. Many parents would also like their children to learn languages. It is best at a young age. There are already many international grade schools worldwide. Kindergartens with multilingual education are becoming more and more popular. Starting to learn so early has many advantages. This is due to the development of our brain. Our brain builds structures for languages up to the age of 4. These neuronal networks help us in learning. Later in life, new structures do not form as well. Older children and adults have more difficulty learning languages. Therefore, we should promote the early development of our brain. In brief: the younger, the better. There are also people, however, who criticize early learning. They fear that multilingualism overwhelms small children. Besides that, there is the fear that they won't learn any language properly. These doubts are unfounded from a scientific standpoint though. Most linguists and neuropsychologists are optimistic. Their studies of the topic show positive results. Children usually have fun in language courses. And: If children learn languages, they also think about languages. Therefore, by learning foreign languages they get to know their native language. They profit from this knowledge of languages their entire life. Maybe it's actually better to start with more difficult languages. Because the brain of a child learns quickly and intuitively. It doesn't care if it stores hello, ciao or néih hóu!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Aryan languages. It is spoken in most of the states of northern and central India. ______ is closely related to the Urdu language that is primarily spoken in Pakistan. For all intents and purposes, the two languages are almost identical. The crucial difference is in the writing system. ______ is written in Devanagari. On the other hand, Urdu uses the Arabic semiotic system. Distinctive for ______ are the many dialects.

These differ, sometimes strongly, from one another due to the country's size. ______ is the native language of 370 million people. An additional 150 million people are proficient in ______ as a second language. With that, ______ is among the most spoken languages of the world. It is in second place after Chinese. So it comes before Spanish and English! And India's influence in the world is growing rapidly!

 


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book2 English UK - Urdu for beginners