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17 [seventeen]

Around the house


‫17 [سترہ]‬

‫گھر میں‬


Our house is here.
‫یہاں ہمارا گھر ہے‬
yahan humhara ghar hai
The roof is on top.
‫اوپر چھت ہے‬
oopar chhat hai
The basement is below.
‫نیچے تہخانہ ہے‬
neechay hai
There is a garden behind the house.
‫گھر کے پیچھے ایک باغیچہ ہے‬
ghar ke peechay aik baagicha hai
There is no street in front of the house.
‫گھر کے سامنے ایک سڑک ہے‬
ghar ke samnay aik sarrak hai
There are trees next to the house.
‫گھر کے برابر میں درخت ہیں‬
ghar ke barabar mein darakht hain
My apartment is here.
‫یہ میرا فلیٹ ہے‬
yeh mera flat hai
The kitchen and bathroom are here.
‫یہ باورچی خانہ اور یہ باتھ روم ہے‬
yeh bawarchi khanah aur yeh baath room hai
The living room and bedroom are there.
‫وہاں ڈرائنگ روم اور سونے کا کمرا ہے‬
wahan drawing room aur sonay ka kamra hai
The front door is closed.
‫گھر کا دروازہ بند ہے‬
ghar ka darwaaza band hai
But the windows are open.
‫لیکن کھڑکیاں کھلی ہیں‬
lekin khirkiyan khuli hain
It is hot today.
‫آج گرمی ہے‬
aaj garmi hai
We are going to the living room.
‫ہم رہنے کے کمرے / لونگ روم میں جاتے ہیں‬
hum drawing room mein chaltay hain
There is a sofa and an armchair there.
‫وہاں ایک صوفہ اورایک کرسی ہے‬
wahan aik sofa aur aik kursi hai
Please, sit down!
‫تشریف رکھیے‬
tashreef rakhiye
My computer is there.
‫وہاں میرا کمپیوٹر ہے‬
wahan mera computer hai
My stereo is there.
‫وہاں میرا سٹیریو سیٹ ہے‬
wahan stiryo set hai
The TV set is brand new.
‫ٹی وی بالکل نیا ہے‬
TV bilkul naya hai

Words and vocabulary

Every language has its own vocabulary. This consists of a certain number of words. A word is an independent linguistic unit. Words always have a distinct meaning. This distinguishes them from sounds or syllables. The number of words is different in every language. English, for example, has many words. It's even known as the World Champion in the category of vocabulary. The English language supposedly has more than one million words today. The Oxford English Dictionary has more than 600,000 words in it. Chinese, Spanish and Russian have much fewer. The vocabulary of a language is also dependent on its history. English has been influenced by many other languages and cultures. As a result, the English vocabulary has increased considerably. But even today the English vocabulary continues to get larger. Experts estimate that 15 new words are added every day. These originate from new media more than anywhere else. Scientific terminology is not counted here. For chemical terminology alone contains thousands of words. Longer words are used less than shorter words in almost every language. And most speakers only use a few words. That is why we decide between active and passive vocabulary. Passive vocabulary contains words that we understand. But we use them seldom or not at all. Active vocabulary contains the words that we use on a regular basis. A few words suffice for simple conversations or texts. In English, you only need around 400 words and 40 verbs for that. So don't worry if your vocabulary is limited!

Guess the language!

*****w is in the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is closely related to Arabic and Aramaic. *****w is the native language of 5 million people. Modern *****w is an artificially created language. It is based on long-extinct ancient *****w. The vocabulary and grammar were borrowed in part from other languages. In this way ancient *****w was deliberately converted into a modern standard language. This planned linguistic change is unique worldwide.

The *****w semiotic system consists of a consonantal alphabet. That means that vowels are not written, as a rule. They do not have their own letters. *****w text is read from right to left. Its symbols go back to a 3000 year-old tradition. Whoever learns *****w learns a piece of cultural history at the same time. Give it a try!

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book2 English UK - Urdu for beginners