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48 [forty-eight]

Vacation activities


48 [నలభై ఎనిమిది]

సెలవుల్లో కార్యకలాపాలు


Is the beach clean?
సముద్ర తీరం పరిశుభ్రంగా ఉందా?
Samudra tīraṁ pariśubhraṅgā undā?
Can one swim there?
అక్కడ ఎవరైనా ఈత కొట్టచ్చా?
Akkaḍa evarainā īta koṭṭaccā?
Isn’t it dangerous to swim there?
అక్కడ్ ఈత కొట్టడం ప్రమాదకరం కాదు కదా?
Akkaḍ īta koṭṭaḍaṁ pramādakaraṁ kādu kadā?
Can one rent a sun umbrella / parasol here?
ఇక్కడ ఒక గొడుగు / పారాసోల్ అద్దెకు తీసుకోవచ్చా?
Ikkaḍa oka goḍugu/ pārāsōl addeku tīsukōvaccā?
Can one rent a deck chair here?
ఇక్కడ ఒక డెక్ కుర్చీ అద్దెకు తీసుకోవచ్చా?
Ikkaḍa oka ḍek kurcī addeku tīsukōvaccā?
Can one rent a boat here?
ఇక్కడ ఒక నావని అద్దెకు తీసుకోవచ్చా?
Ikkaḍa oka nāvani addeku tīsukōvaccā?
I would like to surf.
నాకు సర్ఫింగ్ చేయాలని ఉంది
Nāku sarphiṅg cēyālani undi
I would like to dive.
నాకు డైవింగ్ చేయాలని ఉంది
Nāku ḍaiviṅg cēyālani undi
I would like to water ski.
నాకు వాటర్ స్కీయింగ్ చేయాలని ఉంది
Nāku vāṭar skīyiṅg cēyālani undi
Can one rent a surfboard?
సర్ఫ్ బోర్డ్ అద్దెకి దొరుకుతుందా?
Sarph bōrḍ addeki dorukutundā?
Can one rent diving equipment?
డైవింగ్ చేసేందుకు ఉపయోగపడే పరికరాలు అద్దెకి దొరుకుతాయా?
Ḍaiviṅg cēsēnduku upayōgapaḍē parikarālu addeki dorukutāyā?
Can one rent water skis?
వాటర్ స్కీలు అద్దెకి దొరుకుతాయా?
Vāṭar skīlu addeki dorukutāyā?
I’m only a beginner.
నేను కేవలం నేర్చుకునే స్థాయిలో ఉన్నవాడిని / ఉన్నదాన్ని
Nēnu kēvalaṁ nērcukunē sthāyilō unnavāḍini/ unnadānni
I’m moderately good.
నేను ఒక మాదిరిగా మంచిగా చేస్తున్న వాడిని / దానిని
Nēnu oka mādirigā man̄cigā cēstunna vāḍini/ dānini
I’m pretty good at it.
ఇందులో నాకు మంచి నేర్పు ఉన్నది
Indulō nāku man̄ci nērpu unnadi
Where is the ski lift?
స్కీ లిఫ్ట్ ఎక్కడ ఉంది?
Skī liphṭ ekkaḍa undi?
Do you have skis?
మీ వద్ద స్కీలు ఉన్నాయా?
Mī vadda skīlu unnāyā?
Do you have ski boots?
మీ వద్ద స్కీ బూట్లు ఉన్నాయా?
Mī vadda skī būṭlu unnāyā?

The language of pictures

A German saying goes: A picture says more than a thousand words. That means that pictures are often understood faster than speech. Pictures can also convey emotions better. Because of this, advertising uses a lot of pictures. Pictures function differently than speech. They show us several things simultaneously and in their totality. That means that the whole image together has a certain effect. With speech, considerably more words are needed. But images and speech go together. We need speech in order to describe a picture. By the same token, many texts are first understood through images. The relationship between images and speech is being studied by linguists. It also raises the question whether pictures are a language in their own right. If something is only filmed, we can look at the images. But the message of the film isn't concrete. If an image is meant to function as speech, it must be concrete. The less it shows, the clearer its message. Pictograms are a good example of this. Pictograms are simple and clear pictorial symbols. They replace verbal language, and as such are a form of visual communication. Everyone knows the pictogram for "no smoking" for example. It shows a cigarette with a line through it. Images are becoming even more important due to globalization. But you also have to study the language of images. It is not understandable worldwide, even though many think so. Because our culture influences our understanding of images. What we see is dependent on many different factors. So some people don't see cigarettes, but only dark lines.

Guess the language!

Turkish is one of the nearly 40 Turk languages. It is most closely related to the Azerbaijani language. It is the native or second language of more than 80 million people. These people live primarily in Turkey and in the Balkans. Emigrants also took Turkish to Europe, America and Australia. Turkish has also been influenced by other languages. The vocabulary contains words from Arabic and French. A hallmark of the Turkish language is the many different dialects.

The Istanbul dialect is considered the basis for today's standard language. The grammar distinguishes between six cases. The agglutinating language structure is also characteristic for Turkish. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixes. There is a fixed sequence to these endings but there can be many of them. This principle differentiates Turkish from the Indo-Germanic languages.

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