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46 [forty-six]

In the discotheque


46 [σαράντα έξι]

Στη ντισκοτέκ


Is this seat taken?
Η θέση αυτή είναι ελεύθερη;
I thési aftí eínai eléftheri?
May I sit with you?
Μπορώ να καθίσω μαζί σας;
Boró na kathíso mazí sas?
How do you like the music?
Πώς σας φαίνεται η μουσική;
Pós sas faínetai i mousikí?
A little too loud.
Λίγο δυνατά.
Lígo dynatá.
But the band plays very well.
Αλλά το συγκρότημα παίζει πολύ καλά.
Allá to synkrótima paízei polý kalá.
Do you come here often?
Έρχεστε συχνά εδώ;
Ércheste sychná edó?
No, this is the first time.
Όχι, είναι η πρώτη φορά.
Óchi, eínai i próti forá.
I’ve never been here before.
Δεν έχω ξαναέρθει εδώ.
Den écho xanaérthei edó.
Would you like to dance?
Maybe later.
Αργότερα ίσως.
Argótera ísos.
I can’t dance very well.
Δε χορεύω τόσο καλά.
De chorévo tóso kalá.
It’s very easy.
Είναι πολύ εύκολο.
Eínai polý éfkolo.
I’ll show you.
Θα σας δείξω.
Tha sas deíxo.
No, maybe some other time.
Όχι, καλύτερα μία άλλη φορά.
Óchi, kalýtera mía álli forá.
Are you waiting for someone?
Περιμένετε κάποιον;
Periménete kápoion?
Yes, for my boyfriend.
Ναι, τον φίλο μου.
Nai, ton fílo mou.
There he is!
Εκεί στο βάθος, έρχεται!
Ekeí sto váthos, érchetai!

Genes influence language

The language we speak is dependent on our ancestry. But our genes are also responsible for our language. Scottish researchers have come to this conclusion. They examined how English differs from Chinese. In doing so they discovered that genes play a role, too. Because genes influence the development of our brain. That is to say, they shape our brain structures. With this, our ability to learn languages is determined. Variants of two genes are crucial to this. If a particular variant is scarce, tonal languages develop. So tonal languages are spoken by people without these gene variants. In tonal languages, the meaning of words is determined by the pitch of the tones. Chinese is included in the tonal languages, for example. If this gene variant is dominant, however, other languages develop. English is not a tonal language. The variants of this gene are not evenly distributed. That means they occur with differing frequency in the world. But languages only survive if they are passed down. In order to do this, children must be able to imitate the language of their parents. So they must be able to learn the language well. Only then will it be passed down from generation to generation. The older gene variant is the one that promotes tonal languages. So there were probably more tonal languages in the past than there are today. But one mustn't overestimate the genetic components. They can only add to explaining the development of languages. But there isn't a gene for English, or a gene for Chinese. Anybody can learn any language. You don't need genes for that, but rather only curiosity and discipline!

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Tai-Kadai language family. It is the native language of 20 million people. In contrast to most western languages, ______ is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pronunciation of syllables changes their meaning. Most ______ words consist of only one syllable. A word takes on a different meaning depending on the pitch in which a syllable is spoken. Altogether ______ distinguishes between five pitches. ______ society was strictly divided over many centuries.

As a result, ______ still recognizes at least five different levels of speech today. These range from a simple vernacular to a very polite form of speech. Furthermore, ______ is divided into many local dialects. The language's semiotic system is a hybrid of an alphabet and syllabic writing. The grammar construction is not very complex. Because ______ is an isolating language, there are no declensions or conjugations. Learn ______ - it is really a fascinating language!


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book2 English UK - Greek for beginners