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77 [seventy-seven]

giving reasons 3





Why aren’t you eating the cake?
tusīṁ iha kēka ki'uṁ nahīṁ khāndē?
I must lose weight.
Maiṁ āpaṇā bhāra ghaṭā'uṇā hai.
I’m not eating it because I must lose weight.
Maiṁ isanū nahīṁ khā rihā/ rahī ki'uṅki maiṁ āpaṇā bhāra ghaṭā'uṇā hai.
Why aren’t you drinking the beer?
ਲੁਕਣ ਦੀ ਥਾਂ
Tusīṁ bī'ara ki'uṁ nahīṁ pīndē?
I have to drive.
Maiṁ ajē gaḍī calā'uṇī hai.
I’m not drinking it because I have to drive.
Maiṁ isa la'ī nahīṁ pī rihā/ rahī ki'uṅki maiṁ ajē gaḍī calā'uṇī hai.
Why aren’t you drinking the coffee?
Tū kāphī ki'uṁ nahīṁ pīndā/ pīndī?
It is cold.
Ṭhaḍhī hai.
I’m not drinking it because it is cold.
Maiṁ isanū nahīṁ pīndā/ pīndī ki'uṅki iha ṭhaḍhī hai.
Why aren’t you drinking the tea?
Tū cāha ki'uṁ nahīṁ pīndā/ pīndī?
I have no sugar.
Mērē kōla khaḍa nahīṁ hai.
I’m not drinking it because I don’t have any sugar.
Maiṁ isanū nahīṁ pīndā/ pīndī ki'uṅki mērē kōla khaḍa nahīṁ hai.
Why aren’t you eating the soup?
Tusīṁ sūpa ki'uṁ nahīṁ pīndē?
I didn’t order it.
Maiṁ iha nahīṁ magavā'i'ā.
I’m not eating it because I didn’t order it.
Maiṁ iha nahīṁ khāṁūṅgā/ khā'ūṅgī ki'uṅki maiṁ iha nahīṁ magavā'i'ā.
Why don’t you eat the meat?
Tū mīṭa ki'uṁ nahīṁ khāndā/ khāndī?
I am a vegetarian.
Maiṁ śākāhārī hāṁ.
I’m not eating it because I am a vegetarian.
Maiṁ isanū nahīṁ khāndā/ khāndī ki'uṅki maiṁ śākāhārī hāṁ.

Gestures help with the learning of vocabulary

When we learn vocabulary, our brain has a lot of work to do. It must store every new word. But you can support your brain in learning. This is achieved through gestures. Gestures help our memory. It can remember words better if it processes gestures at the same time. A study has clearly proven this. Researchers had test subjects study vocabulary. These words didn't really exist. They belonged to an artificial language. A few words were taught to the test subjects with gestures. That is to say, the test subjects didn't just hear or read the words. Using gestures, they imitated the meaning of the words as well. While they studied, their brain activity was measured. Researchers made an interesting discovery in the process. When the words were learned with gestures, more areas of the brain were active. In addition to the speech centre, sensomotoric areas showed activity as well. This additional brain activity influences our memory. In learning with gestures, complex networks form. These networks save the new words in multiple places in the brain. Vocabulary can be processed more efficiently this way. When we want to use certain words our brain finds them faster. They are also stored better. It's important, however, that the gesture is associated with the word. Our brain recognizes when a word and gesture don't go together. The new findings could lead to new teaching methods. Individuals that know little about languages often learn slowly. Perhaps they will learn easier if they imitate the words physically…

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Dravidian language family. These languages are primarily spoken in southern India. ______ is not related to the Indo-Aryan languages of northern India. Approximately 40 million people speak ______ as their native language. It is recognized as one of the 22 national languages of India. ______ is an agglutinating language. That means that grammatical functions are expressed by affixes. The language is divided into four regional dialect groups.

The dialect indicates where the speakers come from. Additionally, their social class can also be identified based on their language. Spoken and written ______ differ from one another. Like many other Indian languages, ______ has its own writing system. It is a hybrid of alphabet and syllabic writing. It consists of many round symbols, which is typical for southern Indian writing systems. And it is really a lot of fun to learn these beautiful letters.


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