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79 [seventy-nine]

Adjectives 2


‫79 [اناسی]‬

‫صفت 2‬


I am wearing a blue dress.
‫میں نے نیلا لباس پہنا ہوا ہے -‬
mein ne neela libaas pehna howa hai -
I am wearing a red dress.
‫میں نے سرخ لباس پہنا ہوا ہے -‬
mein ne surkh libaas pehna howa hai -
I am wearing a green dress.
‫میں نے سبز لباس پہنا ہوا ہے -‬
mein ne sabz libaas pehna howa hai -
I’m buying a black bag.
‫میں کالا بیگ خریدتا ہوں -‬
mein kala bag khareedon ga -
I’m buying a brown bag.
‫میں بھورا بیگ خریدتا ہوں-‬
mein bhoora bag khareedon ga -
I’m buying a white bag.
‫میں سفید بیگ خریدتا ہوں-‬
mein safaid bag khareedon ga -
I need a new car.
‫مجھے ایک گاڑی کی ضرورت ہے -‬
mujhe aik gaari ki zaroorat hai -
I need a fast car.
‫مجھے ایک تیز گاڑی کی ضرورت ہے -‬
mujhe aik taiz gaari ki zaroorat hai -
I need a comfortable car.
‫مجھے ایک آرام دہ گاڑی کی ضرورت ہے -‬
mujhe aik aaraam da gaari ki zaroorat hai -
An old lady lives at the top.
‫وہاں اوپر ایک بوڑھی عورت رہتی ہے -‬
wahan oopar aik boorhi aurat rehti hai -
A fat lady lives at the top.
‫وہاں اوپر ایک موٹی عورت رہتی ہے -‬
wahan oopar aik mouti aurat rehti hai -
A curious lady lives below.
‫وہاں اوپر ایک متجسس / تجسس کرنے والی عورت رہتی ہے -‬
wahan oopar aik tajassus karne wali aurat rehti hai -
Our guests were nice people.
‫ہمارے مہمان اچھے لوگ تھے -‬
hamaray mahaman achay log thay -
Our guests were polite people.
‫ہمارے مہمان مہذب لوگ تھے -‬
hamaray mahaman mohazab log thay -
Our guests were interesting people.
‫ہمارے مہمان دلچسپ لوگ تھے -‬
hamaray mahaman dilchasp log thay -
I have lovely children.
‫میرے بچے پیارے ہیں-‬
mein bachon se mohabbat karta hon -
But the neighbours have naughty children.
‫لیکن پڑوسیوں کے بچّے شرارتی ہیں -‬
lekin parosion ke bachay gustaakh hain -
Are your children well behaved?
‫کیا آپ کےبچّے اچھے ہیں ؟‬
kya aap ke bachay achay hain?

One language, many varieties

Even if we only speak one language, we speak many languages. For no language is a self-contained system. Every language shows many different dimensions. Language is a living system. Speakers always orient themselves towards their conversation partners. Therefore, people vary the language they speak. These varieties appear in various forms. For example, every language has a history. It has changed and will continue to change. This can be recognized in the fact that old people speak differently than young people. There are also various dialects in most languages. However, many dialect speakers can adapt to their environment. In certain situations they speak the standard language. Different social groups have different languages. Youth language or hunter's jargon are examples of this. Most people speak differently at work than they do at home. Many also use a professional jargon at work. Differences also appear in spoken and written language. Spoken language is typically much simpler than written. The difference can be quite large. This is the case when written languages don't change for a long time. Speakers then must learn to use the language in written form first. The language of women and men is often different as well. This difference isn't that great in western societies. But there are countries in which women speak much more differently than men. In some cultures, politeness has its own linguistic form. Speaking is therefore not at all so easy! We have to pay attention to many different things at the same time…

Guess the language!

Korean is spoken by approximately 75 million people. These people mainly live in North and South Korea. However, there are also Korean minorities in China and Japan. It is still debated as to which language family Korean belongs. The fact that Korea is divided is also noticeable in the language of the two countries. South Korea, for example, adopts many words from English. North Koreans often do not understand these words. The standard languages of both countries are based on the dialects of their respective capital cities.

Another feature of the Korean language is its preciseness. For example, the language indicates which relationship speakers have to one another. That means there are a great deal of polite forms of address and many different terms for relatives. The Korean writing system is a letter system. Individual letters are combined as syllables in imaginary squares. Especially interesting are the consonants that function as pictures through their shape. They show which position mouth, tongue, palate and throat have in the pronunciation.


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book2 English UK - Urdu for beginners