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76 [seventy-six]

giving reasons 2


৭৬ [ছিয়াত্তর]

কারণ দেখানো ২


Why didn’t you come?
তুমি কেন আসনি?
tumi kēna āsani?
I was ill.
আমি অসুস্থ ছিলাম ৷
Āmi asustha chilāma
I didn’t come because I was ill.
আমি আসিনি কারণ আমি অসুস্থ ছিলাম ৷
āmi āsini kāraṇa āmi asustha chilāma
Why didn’t she come?
সে (মেয়ে) কেন আসেনি?
sē (mēẏē) kēna āsēni?
She was tired.
সে ক্লান্ত ছিল ৷
Sē klānta chila
She didn’t come because she was tired.
সে আসেনি কারণ সে ক্লান্ত হয়ে পড়েছিল ৷
sē āsēni kāraṇa sē klānta haẏē paṛēchila
Why didn’t he come?
সে (ছেলে) কেন আসেনি?
sē (chēlē) kēna āsēni?
He wasn’t interested.
তার ইচ্ছে ছিল না ৷
Tāra icchē chila nā
He didn’t come because he wasn’t interested.
সে আসেনি কারণ তার ইচ্ছে ছিল না ৷
sē āsēni kāraṇa tāra icchē chila nā
Why didn’t you come?
তোমরা কেন আসনি?
tōmarā kēna āsani?
Our car is damaged.
আমাদের গাড়ী খারাপ হয়ে গেছে ৷
Āmādēra gāṛī khārāpa haẏē gēchē
We didn’t come because our car is damaged.
আমরা আসিনি কারণ আমাদের গাড়ী খারাপ হয়ে গেছে ৷
āmarā āsini kāraṇa āmādēra gāṛī khārāpa haẏē gēchē
Why didn’t the people come?
লোকেরা কেন আসেনি?
lōkērā kēna āsēni?
They missed the train.
তাদের ট্রেন চলে গিয়েছিল ৷
Tādēra ṭrēna calē giẏēchila
They didn’t come because they missed the train.
তারা আসেনি কারণ তাদের ট্রেন চলে গিয়েছিল ৷
tārā āsēni kāraṇa tādēra ṭrēna calē giẏēchila
Why didn’t you come?
তুমি কেন আসনি?
tumi kēna āsani?
I was not allowed to.
আমার আসবার অনুমতি ছিল না ৷
Āmāra āsabāra anumati chila nā
I didn’t come because I was not allowed to.
আমি আসিনি কারণ আমার আসবার অনুমতি ছিল না ৷
āmi āsini kāraṇa āmāra āsabāra anumati chila nā

The indigenous languages of America

Many different languages are spoken in America. English is the main language in North America. Spanish and Portuguese dominate in South America. All of these languages came to America from Europe. Before colonization, other languages were spoken there. These languages are known as the indigenous languages of America. Until today, they haven't been explored substantially. The variety of these languages is enormous. It is estimated that there are about 60 language families in North America. In South America there could even be as many as 150. Additionally, there are many isolated languages. All of these languages are very different. They exhibit only a few common structures. Therefore, it is difficult to classify the languages. The reason for their differences lies in the history of America. America was colonized in several stages. The first people came to America over more than 10,000 years ago. Each population brought its language to the continent. The indigenous languages are most similar to Asian languages. The situation regarding America's ancient languages isn't the same everywhere. Many Native American languages are still in use in South America. Languages like Guarani or Quechua have millions of active speakers. By contrast, many languages in North America are almost extinct. The culture of the Native Americans of North America was long oppressed. In the process, their languages were lost. But interest in them has increased in the last few decades. There are many programs that aim to nurture and protect the languages. So they could have a future after all…

Guess the language!

The Japanese language is surely one of the most fascinating. Many people find the writing system especially interesting. It is comprised of Chinese symbols and two syllabaries. Another characteristic of Japanese is that it has many dialects. These differ from one another significantly in some cases. Thus it is possible that two speakers from different regions do not understand each other. Japanese has a melodic accent. If a word needs to be emphasized it is not spoken louder.

The pitches of the sounds are varied. Approximately 130 million people speak Japanese. Naturally, the majority of those live in Japan. There are also large groups of Japanese speakers in Brazil and North America. They are the descendants of Japanese emigrants. There are relatively few true second language speakers. That is exactly what should motivate us to learn this exciting language!


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