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67 [sixty-seven]

Possessive pronouns 2


৬৭ [সাতষট্টি]

সম্বন্ধবাচক সর্বনাম ২


the glasses
He has forgotten his glasses.
সে তার চশমা ভুলে গেছে ৷
sē tāra caśamā bhulē gēchē
Where has he left his glasses?
সে তার চশমা কোথায় ফেলে গেছে?
sē tāra caśamā kōthāẏa phēlē gēchē?
the clock
His clock isn’t working.
তার ঘড়ি খারাপ হয়ে গেছে ৷
tāra ghaṛi khārāpa haẏē gēchē
The clock hangs on the wall.
ঘড়িটা দেওয়ালে ঝোলানো আছে ৷
ghaṛiṭā dē'ōẏālē jhōlānō āchē
the passport
He has lost his passport.
সে তার পাসপোর্ট হারিয়ে ফেলেছে ৷
sē tāra pāsapōrṭa hāriẏē phēlēchē
Where is his passport then?
তাহলে তার পাসপোর্ট কোথায়?
tāhalē tāra pāsapōrṭa kōthāẏa?
they – their
তারা – তাদের
Tārā – tādēra
The children cannot find their parents.
বাচ্চারা তাদের বাবা – মাকে খুঁজে পাচ্ছে না ৷
bāccārā tādēra bābā – mākē khum̐jē pācchē nā
Here come their parents!
এই তো ওদের বাবা – মা এসে গেছেন ৷
ē'i tō ōdēra bābā – mā ēsē gēchēna
you – your
আপনি – আপনার
āpani – āpanāra
How was your trip, Mr. Miller?
আপনার যাত্রা কেমন হল. মি. মিলার?
āpanāra yātrā kēmana hala. Mi. Milāra?
Where is your wife, Mr. Miller?
আপনার স্ত্রী কোথায়, মি. মিলার?
Āpanāra strī kōthāẏa, mi. Milāra?
you – your
আপনি – আপনার
Āpani – āpanāra
How was your trip, Mrs. Smith?
আপনার যাত্রা কেমন হল. মিসেস স্মিথ?
āpanāra yātrā kēmana hala. Misēsa smitha?
Where is your husband, Mrs. Smith?
আপনার স্বামী কোথায়, মিসেস স্মিথ?
Āpanāra sbāmī kōthāẏa, misēsa smitha?

Genetic mutation makes speaking possible

Man is the only living creature on Earth that can speak. This distinguishes him from animals and plants. Of course animals and plants also communicate with each other. However, they do not speak a complex syllable language. But why can man speak? Certain physical features are needed in order to be able to speak. These physical features are only found in humans. However, that does not necessarily mean that man developed them. In evolutionary history, nothing happens without a reason. Somewhere along the line, man began to speak. We do not yet know when exactly that was. But something must have happened that gave man speech. Researchers believe that a genetic mutation was responsible. Anthropologists have compared the genetic material of various living beings. It is well known that a particular gene influences speech. People in which it is damaged have problems with speech. They can't express themselves well and have a hard time understanding words. This gene was examined in people, apes, and mice. It is very similar in humans and chimpanzees. Only two small differences can be identified. But these differences make their presence known in the brain. Together with other genes, they influence certain brain activities. Thus humans can speak, whereas apes cannot. However, the riddle of the human language is not yet solved. For the gene mutation alone is not enough to enable speech. Researchers implanted the human gene variant in mice. It didn't give them the ability to speak… But their squeaks made quite a racket!

Guess the language!

******an is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is thereby related to Finnish and Hungarian. However, parallels to Hungarian are only slightly noticeable. Many think that ******an is similar to Latvian or Lithuanian. That is completely false, however. Both of those languages belong to a completely different language family. ******an does not have any grammatical genders. There is no differentiation between feminine and masculine.

Instead there are 14 different cases. The orthography is not very difficult. It is determined by the pronunciation. This should definitely be practiced with a native speaker. If you want to learn ******an, you need discipline and a little patience. ******ans are happy to overlook little mistakes made by foreigners. They are excited to meet anyone who is interested in their language!


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