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34 [thirty-four]

On the train


৩৪ [চৌঁত্রিশ]



Is that the train to Berlin?
এটা কি বার্লিনে যাবার ট্রেন?
ēṭā ki bārlinē yābāra ṭrēna?
When does the train leave?
এই ট্রেনটা কখন ছাড়বে?
Ē'i ṭrēnaṭā kakhana chāṛabē?
When does the train arrive in Berlin?
এই ট্রেনটা বার্লিনে কখন পৌঁছাবে?
Ē'i ṭrēnaṭā bārlinē kakhana paum̐chābē?
Excuse me, may I pass?
মাফ করবেন, আমি কি আগে যেতে পারি?
Māpha karabēna, āmi ki āgē yētē pāri?
I think this is my seat.
আমার মনে হয় এটা আমার বসবার জায়গা ৷
Āmāra manē haẏa ēṭā āmāra basabāra jāẏagā
I think you’re sitting in my seat.
আমার মনে হয় আপনি আমার জায়গায় বসে আছেন ৷
āmāra manē haẏa āpani āmāra jāẏagāẏa basē āchēna
Where is the sleeper?
স্লিপার কোথায়?
slipāra kōthāẏa?
The sleeper is at the end of the train.
স্লিপার ট্রেনের শেষের দিকে আছে ৷
Slipāra ṭrēnēra śēṣēra dikē āchē
And where is the dining car? – At the front.
আর খাবার (গাড়ি) জায়গা কোথায়? – সামনের দিকে ৷
āra khābāra (gāṛi) jāẏagā kōthāẏa? – Sāmanēra dikē
Can I sleep below?
আমি কি নীচে শুতে পারি?
āmi ki nīcē śutē pāri?
Can I sleep in the middle?
আমি কি মাঝখানে শুতে পারি?
Āmi ki mājhakhānē śutē pāri?
Can I sleep at the top?
আমি কি উপরে শুতে পারি?
Āmi ki uparē śutē pāri?
When will we get to the border?
আমরা বর্ডারে কখন পৌঁছাব?
Āmarā barḍārē kakhana paum̐chāba?
How long does the journey to Berlin take?
বার্লিন যাত্রায় কত সময় লাগে?
Bārlina yātrāẏa kata samaẏa lāgē?
Is the train delayed?
ট্রেন কী দেরীতে চলছে?
Ṭrēna kī dērītē calachē?
Do you have something to read?
আপনার কাছে পড়বার মত কিছু আছে?
Āpanāra kāchē paṛabāra mata kichu āchē?
Can one get something to eat and to drink here?
এখানে খাবার এবং পান করার জন্য কিছু পাওয়া যেতে পারে?
Ēkhānē khābāra ēbaṁ pāna karāra jan'ya kichu pā'ōẏā yētē pārē?
Could you please wake me up at 7 o’clock?
আপনি কি দয়া করে আমাকে ৭ টার সময় জাগিয়ে দেবেন?
Āpani ki daẏā karē āmākē 7 ṭāra samaẏa jāgiẏē dēbēna?

Babies are lip readers!

When babies are learning to speak, they pay attention to their parents' mouths. Developmental psychologists have figured this out. Babies begin to read lips around six months of age. This way they learn how they must form their mouth to produce sounds. When babies are a year old, they can already understand a few words. From this age on they begin to look people in the eyes again. In doing so they get a lot of important information. By looking into their eyes, they can tell if their parents are happy or sad. They get to know the world of feelings in this way. It gets interesting when someone speaks to them in a foreign language. Then babies begin to read lips all over again. In this way they learn how to form foreign sounds as well. Therefore, when you speak with babies you should always look at them. Aside from that, babies need dialogue for their language development. In particular, parents often repeat what babies say. Babies thus receive feedback. That is very important for infants. Then they know that they are understood. This confirmation motivates babies. They continue to have fun learning to speak. So it's not enough to play audiotapes for babies. Studies prove that babies really are able to read lips. In experiments, infants were shown videos without sound. There were both native language and foreign language videos. The babies looked longer at the videos in their own language. They were noticeably more attentive in doing so. But the first words of babies are the same worldwide. "Mum" and "Dad" – easy to say in all languages!

Guess the language!

Polish is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 45 million people. These people live primarily in Poland and in several Eastern European countries. Polish emigrants took their language to other continents as well. As a result, there are approximately 60 million Polish speakers worldwide. It is the most-spoken Slavic language after Russian. Polish is closely related to Czech and Slovakian. The modern Polish language developed from different dialects.

Today there are hardly any dialects because most Poles use the standard language. The Polish alphabet is written in Latin letters and consists of 35 letters. The last but one syllable of a word is always accented. The grammar contains seven cases and three genders. This means almost every word ending is declined or conjugated. As a result Polish is not necessarily considered the easiest of languages. But it will soon be one of the more important European languages!


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