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32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4


৩২ [বত্রিশ]

রেস্টুরেন্ট ৪ – এ


I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup.
কেচাপ সহ একটা ফ্রেঞ্চ ফ্রাই ৷
kēcāpa saha ēkaṭā phrēñca phrā'i
And two with mayonnaise.
এবং মেয়নিজ সহ দুটো ৷
ēbaṁ mēẏanija saha duṭō
And three sausages with mustard.
এবং কাসুন্দি সহ তিনটে সসেজ ৷
ēbaṁ kāsundi saha tinaṭē sasēja
What vegetables do you have?
আপনার কাছে কী কী সবজি আছে?
āpanāra kāchē kī kī sabaji āchē?
Do you have beans?
আপনার কাছে কি বিন (শিম, মটরশুঁটি) আছে?
Āpanāra kāchē ki bina (śima, maṭaraśum̐ṭi) āchē?
Do you have cauliflower?
আপনার কাছে কি ফুলকপি আছে?
Āpanāra kāchē ki phulakapi āchē?
I like to eat (sweet) corn.
আমার মিষ্টি ভুট্টা খেতে ভাল লাগে ৷
Āmāra miṣṭi bhuṭṭā khētē bhāla lāgē
I like to eat cucumber.
আমার শশা খেতে ভাল লাগে ৷
āmāra śaśā khētē bhāla lāgē
I like to eat tomatoes.
আমার টমেটো খেতে ভাল লাগে ৷
āmāra ṭamēṭō khētē bhāla lāgē
Do you also like to eat leek?
আপনি কি লীকও (পেঁয়াজ জাতীয় তরকারি) খেতে পছন্দ করেন?
āpani ki līka'ō (pēm̐ẏāja jātīẏa tarakāri) khētē pachanda karēna?
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut?
আপনি কি বাঁধা কপিও খেতে পছন্দ করেন?
Āpani ki bām̐dhā kapi'ō khētē pachanda karēna?
Do you also like to eat lentils?
আপনি কি ডালও খেতে পছন্দ করেন?
Āpani ki ḍāla'ō khētē pachanda karēna?
Do you also like to eat carrots?
তুমি কি গাজরও খেতে পছন্দ কর?
Tumi ki gājara'ō khētē pachanda kara?
Do you also like to eat broccoli?
তুমি কি ব্রকোলিও(ফুলকপি জাতীয় তরকারি) খেতে পছন্দ কর?
Tumi ki brakōli'ō(phulakapi jātīẏa tarakāri) khētē pachanda kara?
Do you also like to eat peppers?
তুমি কি ক্যাপসিকামও খেতে পছন্দ কর?
Tumi ki kyāpasikāma'ō khētē pachanda kara?
I don’t like onions.
আমার পেঁয়াজ ভাল লাগে না ৷
Āmāra pēm̐ẏāja bhāla lāgē nā
I don’t like olives.
আমার জলপাই ভাল লাগে না ৷
āmāra jalapā'i bhāla lāgē nā
I don’t like mushrooms.
আমার মাশরুম ভাল লাগে না ৷
āmāra māśaruma bhāla lāgē nā

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant. Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of ******. ______ is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. ______ is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition.

Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. ______ is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In ______, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes ______ that much more appealing!


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