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93 [ninety-three]

Subordinate clauses: if

 


‫93 [ثلاثة وتسعون]‬

‫الجمل الثانوية مع إنْ‬

 

 
I don’t know if he loves me.
‫لا أدري إن كان يحبني.‬
laa 'adri 'iin kan yuhbni.
I don’t know if he’ll come back.
‫لا أدري إن كان سيعود.‬
laa 'adri 'iin kan sayaeuda.
I don’t know if he’ll call me.
‫لا أدري إن كان سيتصل بي.‬
laa 'adri 'iin kan sayatasil bi.
 
 
 
 
Maybe he doesn’t love me?
‫أيحبني، يا ترى؟‬
ayhbania, ya taraa؟
Maybe he won’t come back?
‫هل سيعود، يا ترى؟‬
hl sayaewdu, ya taraa؟
Maybe he won’t call me?
‫هل سيتصل بي، يا ترى؟‬
hl sayatasil bia, ya taraa؟
 
 
 
 
I wonder if he thinks about me.
‫إني أتساءل إن كان يفكر بي.‬
'iini 'atasa'al 'iin kan yufakir bi.
I wonder if he has someone else.
‫إني أتساءل عما إذا كانت لديه صديقة أخرى.‬
'iini 'atasa'al eamma 'iidha kanat ladayh sadiqat 'ukhraa.
I wonder if he lies.
‫إني أتساءل عما إذا كان يكذب.‬
'iini 'atasa'al eamma 'iidha kan yukdhib.
 
 
 
 
Maybe he thinks of me?
‫هل يفكر بي، يا ترى؟‬
hl yufakir bia, ya taraa؟
Maybe he has someone else?
‫هل لديه صديقة أخرى، يا ترى؟‬
hl ladayh sadiqat 'ukhraa, ya taraa؟
Maybe he tells me the truth?
‫هل يقول الحقيقة، يا ترى؟‬
hl yaqul alhaqiqata, ya taraa؟
 
 
 
 
I doubt whether he really likes me.
‫إني أشك فيما إذا كان يحبني حقاً.‬
'iini 'ashuku fima 'iidha kan yuhabani hqaan.
I doubt whether he’ll write to me.
‫إني أشك فيما إذا كان سيكتب لي.‬
'iini 'ashuku fima 'iidha kan sayuktab ly.
I doubt whether he’ll marry me.
‫إني أشك فيما إذا كان سيتزوجني.‬
'iini 'ashuku fima 'iidha kan sayatzawjani.
 
 
 
 
Does he really like me?
‫أتساءل إن كنت حقاً أعجبه.‬
atasa'ul 'iin kunt hqaan 'aejabah.
Will he write to me?
أتساءل إن كان حقاً‬ ‫سيكتب لي.
'atasa'al 'iin kan hqaan syaktab li.
Will he marry me?
‫أتساءل إن كان حقاً سيتزوجني.‬
atasa'ul 'iin kan hqaan sayatzawjni.
 
 
 
 


How does the brain learn grammar?

We begin to learn our native language as babies. This happens automatically. We are not aware of it. Our brain has to accomplish a great deal when learning, however. When we learn grammar, for example, it has a lot of work to do. Every day it hears new things. It receives new stimuli constantly. The brain can't process every stimulus individually, however. It has to act economically. Therefore, it orients itself toward regularity. The brain remembers what it hears often. It registers how often a specific thing occurs. Then it makes a grammatical rule out of these examples. Children know whether a sentence is correct or not. However, they don't know why that is. Their brain knows the rules without having learned them. Adults learn languages differently. They already know the structures of their native language. These build the basis for the new grammatical rules. But in order to learn, adults need teaching. When the brain learns grammar, it has a fixed system. This can be seen with nouns and verbs, for example. They are stored in different regions of the brain. Different areas of the brain are active when processing them. Simple rules are also learned differently than complex rules. With complex rules, more areas of the brain work together. How exactly the brain learns grammar hasn't been researched yet. However, we know that it can theoretically learn every grammar rule…

Guess the language!

______sian is among the languages that dominate the book market. Great works in world literature were written by ______sian authors. Thus many books are translated from ______sian. ______sians also enjoy reading new texts so translators always have a lot to do. ______sian is the native language of about 160 million people. Additionally, many people in other Slavic countries speak ______sian. With that, ______sian is the most widespread language in Europe. Approximately 280 million people speak ______sian worldwide.

As an Eastern Slavic language, ______sian is related to Ukrainian and Bela______ian. ______sian grammar is structured very systematically. That is an advantage for people who like to think analytically and logically. ______sian is absolutely worth learning! ______sian is an important language in science, art and technology. And wouldn't it be nice to be able to read famous ______sian literary works in their original form?

 


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