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79 [seventy-nine]

Adjectives 2

 


৭৯ [ঊনআশি]

বিশেষণ ২

 

 
I am wearing a blue dress.
আমি নীল পোষাক পরেছি ৷
Āmi nīla pōṣāka parēchi
I am wearing a red dress.
আমি লাল পোষাক পরেছি ৷
Āmi lāla pōṣāka parēchi
I am wearing a green dress.
আমি সবুজ পোষাক পরেছি ৷
Āmi sabuja pōṣāka parēchi
 
 
 
 
I’m buying a black bag.
আমি একটা কালো ব্যাগ কিনছি ৷
Āmi ēkaṭā kālō byāga kinachi
I’m buying a brown bag.
আমি একটা বাদামী ব্যাগ কিনছি ৷
Āmi ēkaṭā bādāmī byāga kinachi
I’m buying a white bag.
আমি একটা সাদা ব্যাগ কিনছি ৷
Āmi ēkaṭā sādā byāga kinachi
 
 
 
 
I need a new car.
আমার একটা নতুন গাড়ী চাই ৷
Āmāra ēkaṭā natuna gāṛī cā´i
I need a fast car.
আমার একটা দ্রুত গাড়ী চাই ৷
Āmāra ēkaṭā druta gāṛī cā´i
I need a comfortable car.
আমার একটা আরামদায়ক গাড়ী চাই ৷
Āmāra ēkaṭā ārāmadāẏaka gāṛī cā´i
 
 
 
 
An old lady lives at the top.
ওপরে একজন বৃদ্ধা মহিলা থাকেন ৷
Ōparē ēkajana br̥d´dhā mahilā thākēna
A fat lady lives at the top.
ওপরে একজন মোটা মহিলা থাকেন ৷
Ōparē ēkajana mōṭā mahilā thākēna
A curious lady lives below.
নীচে একজন জিজ্ঞাসু মহিলা থাকেন ৷
Nīcē ēkajana jijñāsu mahilā thākēna
 
 
 
 
Our guests were nice people.
আমাদের অতিথিরা ভাল লোক ছিলেন ৷
Āmādēra atithirā bhāla lōka chilēna
Our guests were polite people.
আমাদের অতিথিরা নম্র লোক ছিলেন ৷
Āmādēra atithirā namra lōka chilēna
Our guests were interesting people.
আমাদের অতিথিরা দারুন লোক ছিলেন ৷
Āmādēra atithirā dāruna lōka chilēna
 
 
 
 
I have lovely children.
আমার বাচ্চারা স্নেহশীল ৷
Āmāra bāccārā snēhaśīla
But the neighbours have naughty children.
কিন্তু প্রতিবেশীদের বাচ্চারা দুষ্টু ৷
Kintu pratibēśīdēra bāccārā duṣṭu
Are your children well behaved?
আপনার বাচ্চারা কি সভ্য ভদ্র?
Āpanāra bāccārā ki sabhya bhadra?
 
 
 
 
 

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One language, many varieties

Even if we only speak one language, we speak many languages. For no language is a self-contained system. Every language shows many different dimensions. Language is a living system. Speakers always orient themselves towards their conversation partners. Therefore, people vary the language they speak. These varieties appear in various forms. For example, every language has a history. It has changed and will continue to change. This can be recognized in the fact that old people speak differently than young people. There are also various dialects in most languages. However, many dialect speakers can adapt to their environment. In certain situations they speak the standard language. Different social groups have different languages. Youth language or hunter's jargon are examples of this. Most people speak differently at work than they do at home. Many also use a professional jargon at work. Differences also appear in spoken and written language. Spoken language is typically much simpler than written. The difference can be quite large. This is the case when written languages don't change for a long time. Speakers then must learn to use the language in written form first. The language of women and men is often different as well. This difference isn't that great in western societies. But there are countries in which women speak much more differently than men. In some cultures, politeness has its own linguistic form. Speaking is therefore not at all so easy! We have to pay attention to many different things at the same time…

Guess the language!

______ is spoken by approximately 75 million people. These people mainly live in North and South *****. However, there are also ______ minorities in China and Japan. It is still debated as to which language family ______ belongs. The fact that ***** is divided is also noticeable in the language of the two countries. South *****, for example, adopts many words from English. North ______s often do not understand these words. The standard languages of both countries are based on the dialects of their respective capital cities.

Another feature of the ______ language is its preciseness. For example, the language indicates which relationship speakers have to one another. That means there are a great deal of polite forms of address and many different terms for relatives. The ______ writing system is a letter system. Individual letters are combined as syllables in imaginary squares. Especially interesting are the consonants that function as pictures through their shape. They show which position mouth, tongue, palate and throat have in the pronunciation.

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