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17 [seventeen]

Around the house


১৭ [সতেরো]

বাড়ীর চারপাশে


Our house is here.
আমাদের বাড়ী এখানে ৷
āmādēra bāṛī ēkhānē
The roof is on top.
উপরে ছাদ ৷
uparē chāda
The basement is below.
নীচে তলঘর ৷
nīcē talaghara
There is a garden behind the house.
বাড়ীর পেছনে একটা বাগান আছে ৷
bāṛīra pēchanē ēkaṭā bāgāna āchē
There is no street in front of the house.
বাড়ীর সামনে কোনো রাস্তা নেই ৷
bāṛīra sāmanē kōnō rāstā nē'i
There are trees next to the house.
বাড়ীর পাশে অনেক গাছ আছে ৷
bāṛīra pāśē anēka gācha āchē
My apartment is here.
এখানে আমার এপার্টমেন্ট ৷
ēkhānē āmāra ēpārṭamēnṭa
The kitchen and bathroom are here.
এখানে রান্নাঘর এবং বাথরুম (স্নানঘর, গোসলখানা) ৷
ēkhānē rānnāghara ēbaṁ bātharuma (snānaghara, gōsalakhānā)
The living room and bedroom are there.
ওখানে বসবার ঘর এবং শোবার ঘর ৷
ōkhānē basabāra ghara ēbaṁ śōbāra ghara
The front door is closed.
সামনের দরজা বন্ধ আছে ৷
sāmanēra darajā bandha āchē
But the windows are open.
কিন্তু জানালাগুলো খোলা আছে ৷
kintu jānālāgulō khōlā āchē
It is hot today.
আজকে গরম পড়ছে ৷
ājakē garama paṛachē
We are going to the living room.
আমরা বসবার ঘরে যাচ্ছি ৷
āmarā basabāra gharē yācchi
There is a sofa and an armchair there.
এখানে একটি সোফা এবং আরামকেদারা আছে ৷
ēkhānē ēkaṭi sōphā ēbaṁ ārāmakēdārā āchē
Please, sit down!
অনুগ্রহ করে, বসুন!
anugraha karē, basuna!
My computer is there.
ওখানে আমার কম্পিউটার আছে ৷
Ōkhānē āmāra kampi'uṭāra āchē
My stereo is there.
ওখানে আমার স্টিরিও আছে ৷
ōkhānē āmāra sṭiri'ō āchē
The TV set is brand new.
টিভি সেটটা একেবারে নতুন ৷
ṭibhi sēṭaṭā ēkēbārē natuna

Words and vocabulary

Every language has its own vocabulary. This consists of a certain number of words. A word is an independent linguistic unit. Words always have a distinct meaning. This distinguishes them from sounds or syllables. The number of words is different in every language. English, for example, has many words. It's even known as the World Champion in the category of vocabulary. The English language supposedly has more than one million words today. The Oxford English Dictionary has more than 600,000 words in it. Chinese, Spanish and Russian have much fewer. The vocabulary of a language is also dependent on its history. English has been influenced by many other languages and cultures. As a result, the English vocabulary has increased considerably. But even today the English vocabulary continues to get larger. Experts estimate that 15 new words are added every day. These originate from new media more than anywhere else. Scientific terminology is not counted here. For chemical terminology alone contains thousands of words. Longer words are used less than shorter words in almost every language. And most speakers only use a few words. That is why we decide between active and passive vocabulary. Passive vocabulary contains words that we understand. But we use them seldom or not at all. Active vocabulary contains the words that we use on a regular basis. A few words suffice for simple conversations or texts. In English, you only need around 400 words and 40 verbs for that. So don't worry if your vocabulary is limited!

Guess the language!

*****w is in the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is closely related to Arabic and Aramaic. *****w is the native language of 5 million people. Modern *****w is an artificially created language. It is based on long-extinct ancient *****w. The vocabulary and grammar were borrowed in part from other languages. In this way ancient *****w was deliberately converted into a modern standard language. This planned linguistic change is unique worldwide.

The *****w semiotic system consists of a consonantal alphabet. That means that vowels are not written, as a rule. They do not have their own letters. *****w text is read from right to left. Its symbols go back to a 3000 year-old tradition. Whoever learns *****w learns a piece of cultural history at the same time. Give it a try!


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