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17 [seventeen]

Around the house


17 [பதினேழு]

வீடும் சுற்றமும்


Our house is here.
எங்கள் வீடு இங்கு இருக்கிறது.
eṅkaḷ vīṭu iṅku irukkiṟatu.
The roof is on top.
கூரை மேலே இருக்கிறது.
Kūrai mēlē irukkiṟatu.
The basement is below.
அடித்தளம் கீழே இருக்கிறது.
Aṭittaḷam kīḻē irukkiṟatu.
There is a garden behind the house.
வீட்டின் பின்னே ஒரு தோட்டம் இருக்கிறது.
Vīṭṭiṉ piṉṉē oru tōṭṭam irukkiṟatu.
There is no street in front of the house.
வீட்டின் முன்னே சாலை எதுவும் இல்லை.
Vīṭṭiṉ muṉṉē cālai etuvum illai.
There are trees next to the house.
வீட்டின் அருகே மரங்கள் உள்ளன.
Vīṭṭiṉ arukē maraṅkaḷ uḷḷaṉa.
My apartment is here.
என் அபார்ட்மென்ட் இங்கு இருக்கிறது.
Eṉ apārṭmeṉṭ iṅku irukkiṟatu.
The kitchen and bathroom are here.
இங்கு சமையல் அறையும் குளியல்அறையும் இருக்கின்றன.
Iṅku camaiyal aṟaiyum kuḷiyalaṟaiyum irukkiṉṟaṉa.
The living room and bedroom are there.
அங்கு வசிக்கும் அறையும் படுக்கை அறையும் இருக்கின்றன.
Aṅku vacikkum aṟaiyum paṭukkai aṟaiyum irukkiṉṟaṉa.
The front door is closed.
வீட்டின் முன் கதவு மூடி இருக்கிறது.
Vīṭṭiṉ muṉ katavu mūṭi irukkiṟatu.
But the windows are open.
ஆனால் ஜன்னல்கள் திறந்து இருக்கின்றன .
Āṉāl jaṉṉalkaḷ tiṟantu irukkiṉṟaṉa.
It is hot today.
இன்று மிகவும் வெப்பமாக இருக்கிறது.
Iṉṟu mikavum veppamāka irukkiṟatu.
We are going to the living room.
நாங்கள் வசிக்கும் அறைக்கு சென்று கொண்டு இருக்கிறோம்.
Nāṅkaḷ vacikkum aṟaikku ceṉṟu koṇṭu irukkiṟōm.
There is a sofa and an armchair there.
அங்கு ஒரு ஸோபாவும் கைப்பிடி நாற்காலியும் இருக்கின்றன.
Aṅku oru sōpāvum kaippiṭi nāṟkāliyum irukkiṉṟaṉa.
Please, sit down!
தயவு செய்து உட்காருங்கள்.
Tayavu ceytu uṭkāruṅkaḷ.
My computer is there.
அங்கு என்னுடைய கம்ப்யூடர் இருக்கறது.
Aṅku eṉṉuṭaiya kampyūṭar irukkaṟatu.
My stereo is there.
அஙகு என்னுடைய ஸ்டீரியோ ஸிஸ்டம் இருக்கிறது.
Aṅaku eṉṉuṭaiya sṭīriyō sisṭam irukkiṟatu.
The TV set is brand new.
டெலிவிஷன்/தொலைக்காட்சி பெட்டி புத்தம் புதியது.
Ṭeliviṣaṉ/tolaikkāṭci peṭṭi puttam putiyatu.

Words and vocabulary

Every language has its own vocabulary. This consists of a certain number of words. A word is an independent linguistic unit. Words always have a distinct meaning. This distinguishes them from sounds or syllables. The number of words is different in every language. English, for example, has many words. It's even known as the World Champion in the category of vocabulary. The English language supposedly has more than one million words today. The Oxford English Dictionary has more than 600,000 words in it. Chinese, Spanish and Russian have much fewer. The vocabulary of a language is also dependent on its history. English has been influenced by many other languages and cultures. As a result, the English vocabulary has increased considerably. But even today the English vocabulary continues to get larger. Experts estimate that 15 new words are added every day. These originate from new media more than anywhere else. Scientific terminology is not counted here. For chemical terminology alone contains thousands of words. Longer words are used less than shorter words in almost every language. And most speakers only use a few words. That is why we decide between active and passive vocabulary. Passive vocabulary contains words that we understand. But we use them seldom or not at all. Active vocabulary contains the words that we use on a regular basis. A few words suffice for simple conversations or texts. In English, you only need around 400 words and 40 verbs for that. So don't worry if your vocabulary is limited!

Guess the language!

*****w is in the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is closely related to Arabic and Aramaic. *****w is the native language of 5 million people. Modern *****w is an artificially created language. It is based on long-extinct ancient *****w. The vocabulary and grammar were borrowed in part from other languages. In this way ancient *****w was deliberately converted into a modern standard language. This planned linguistic change is unique worldwide.

The *****w semiotic system consists of a consonantal alphabet. That means that vowels are not written, as a rule. They do not have their own letters. *****w text is read from right to left. Its symbols go back to a 3000 year-old tradition. Whoever learns *****w learns a piece of cultural history at the same time. Give it a try!

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