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76 [seventy-six]

giving reasons 2


‫76 [هفتاد و شش]‬

‫دلیل آوردن برای چیزی 2‬


Why didn’t you come?
‫چرا تو نیامدی؟‬
cherâ to nayâmadi?
I was ill.
‫من مریض بودم.‬
man mariz budam.
I didn’t come because I was ill.
‫من نیامدم چون مریض بودم.‬
man nayâmadam zirâ mariz budam.
Why didn’t she come?
‫چرا او (زن) نیامد؟‬
cherâ oo (zan) nayâmade?
She was tired.
‫او (زن) خسته بود.‬
oo (zan) khaste bud.
She didn’t come because she was tired.
‫او (زن) نیامد چون خسته بود.‬
oo (zan) nayâmad, chun khaste bud.
Why didn’t he come?
‫چرا او (مرد) نیامد؟‬
cherâ oo (mard) nayâmade?
He wasn’t interested.
‫او (مرد) علاقه نداشت.‬
oo (mard) tamayoli nadâsht.
He didn’t come because he wasn’t interested.
‫او (مرد) نیامد چون علاقه نداشت.‬
oo (mard) nayâmad zirâ hosele nadâsht.
Why didn’t you come?
‫چرا شما نیامدید؟‬
cherâ shomâ nayâmadid?
Our car is damaged.
‫خودروی ما خراب است.‬
khodroye mâ kharâb ast.
We didn’t come because our car is damaged.
‫ما نیامدیم چون خودروی ما خراب است.‬
mâ nayâmadim chun khodroyemân kharâb ast.
Why didn’t the people come?
‫چرا مردم نیامدند؟‬
cherâ mardom nayâmadand?
They missed the train.
‫آنها به قطار نرسیدند.‬
ânhâ be ghatâr naresidand.
They didn’t come because they missed the train.
‫آنها نیامدند چون به قطار نرسیدند.‬
ânhâ nayâmadand, zirâ be ghatâr naresidand.
Why didn’t you come?
‫چرا تو نیامدی؟‬
cherâ to nayâmadi?
I was not allowed to.
‫اجازه نداشتم.‬
ejâze nadâshtam.
I didn’t come because I was not allowed to.
‫من نیامدم چون اجازه نداشتم.‬
man nayâmadam zirâ ejâze nadâshtam.

The indigenous languages of America

Many different languages are spoken in America. English is the main language in North America. Spanish and Portuguese dominate in South America. All of these languages came to America from Europe. Before colonization, other languages were spoken there. These languages are known as the indigenous languages of America. Until today, they haven't been explored substantially. The variety of these languages is enormous. It is estimated that there are about 60 language families in North America. In South America there could even be as many as 150. Additionally, there are many isolated languages. All of these languages are very different. They exhibit only a few common structures. Therefore, it is difficult to classify the languages. The reason for their differences lies in the history of America. America was colonized in several stages. The first people came to America over more than 10,000 years ago. Each population brought its language to the continent. The indigenous languages are most similar to Asian languages. The situation regarding America's ancient languages isn't the same everywhere. Many Native American languages are still in use in South America. Languages like Guarani or Quechua have millions of active speakers. By contrast, many languages in North America are almost extinct. The culture of the Native Americans of North America was long oppressed. In the process, their languages were lost. But interest in them has increased in the last few decades. There are many programs that aim to nurture and protect the languages. So they could have a future after all…

Guess the language!

The Japanese language is surely one of the most fascinating. Many people find the writing system especially interesting. It is comprised of Chinese symbols and two syllabaries. Another characteristic of Japanese is that it has many dialects. These differ from one another significantly in some cases. Thus it is possible that two speakers from different regions do not understand each other. Japanese has a melodic accent. If a word needs to be emphasized it is not spoken louder.

The pitches of the sounds are varied. Approximately 130 million people speak Japanese. Naturally, the majority of those live in Japan. There are also large groups of Japanese speakers in Brazil and North America. They are the descendants of Japanese emigrants. There are relatively few true second language speakers. That is exactly what should motivate us to learn this exciting language!


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book2 English US - Persian for beginners