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73 [seventy-three]

to be allowed to


‫73 [هفتاد و سه]‬

‫اجازه داشتن برای انجام کاری / مجاز به انجام کاری بودن‬


Are you already allowed to drive?
‫تو اجازه داری رانندگی کنی؟‬
to ejâze dâri rânandegi koni?
Are you already allowed to drink alcohol?
‫تو اجازه داری الکل بنوشی؟‬
to ejâze dâri alkol benushi?
Are you already allowed to travel abroad alone?
‫تو اجازه داری تنها به خارج سفر کنی؟‬
to ejâze dâri tanhâ be khârej safar koni?
may / to be allowed
‫اجازه داشتن‬
ejâze dâshtan
May we smoke here?
‫اجازه هست اینجا سیگار بکشیم؟‬
ejâze hast injâ sigâr bekeshim?
Is smoking allowed here?
‫اینجا سیگار کشیدن مجاز است؟‬
injâ sigâr keshidan mojâz ast?
May one pay by credit card?
‫ می‌شود با کارت اعتباری پرداخت کرد؟‬
mitavân bâ kârte e-etebâri pardâkht nemud?
May one pay by cheque / check (am.)?
‫می‌شود با چک پرداخت کرد؟‬
mitavân bâ chek pardâkht kard?
May one only pay in cash?
‫ می‌شود فقط نقد پرداخت کرد؟‬
faghat naghd pardâkhtan mojâz ast?
May I just make a call?
‫می‌توانم یک لحظه تلفن بزنم؟‬
mitavânam lahze-i telefon bezanam?
May I just ask something?
‫می‌توانم یک لحظه چیزی بپرسم؟‬
mitavânam lahze-i yek soâl konam?
May I just say something?
‫می‌توانم یک لحظه چیزی بگویم؟‬
mitavânam lahze-i chizi beguyam?
He is not allowed to sleep in the park.
‫او (مرد) اجازه ندارد در پارک بخوابد.‬
oo ejâze nadârad dar pârk bekhâbad.
He is not allowed to sleep in the car.
‫او (مرد) اجازه ندارد در خودرو بخوابد.‬
oo ejâze nadârad dar khodro bekhâbad.
He is not allowed to sleep at the train station.
‫او (مرد) اجازه ندارد درایستگاه قطار بخوابد.‬
oo ejâze nadârad dar istgâhe ghatâr bekhâbad.
May we take a seat?
‫اجازه داریم بنشینیم؟‬
ejâze dârim beneshinim?
May we have the menu?
‫می‌توانیم لیست غذا را داشته باشیم؟‬
ejâze dârim liste ghaza râ dâshte bâshim?
May we pay separately?
‫می‌توانیم جدا پرداخت کنیم؟‬
ejâze dârim jodâ pardâkht namâyim?

How the brain learns new words

When we learn new vocabulary, our brain stores new content. Learning only works with constant repetition. How well our brain stores words is dependent on multiple factors. But the most important thing is that we review vocabulary on a regular basis. Only words that we use or write often get stored. It could be said that these words are archived like images. This principle of learning is also true in apes. Apes can learn to "read" words, if they see them often enough. Although they don't understand the words, they recognize them by their form. In order to speak a language fluently, we need many words. For that, the vocabulary must be well organized. Because our memory functions like an archive. In order to find a word quickly, it must know where to search. Therefore it's better to learn words in a particular context. Then our brain will always be able to open the correct "file". But even that which we have learned well can be forgotten. In this case, the knowledge moves from the active into the passive memory. By forgetting, we free ourselves of knowledge we don't need. This is how our brain makes room for new and more important things. Therefore, it is important that we activate our knowledge on a regular basis. But that which is in the passive memory isn't lost forever. When we see a forgotten word, we remember it again. We learn that which we've learned before more quickly the second time. He who wants to expand his vocabulary must also expand his hobbies. Because each of us has certain interests. Therefore, we typically busy ourselves with the same things. But a language consists of many different semantic fields. A person interested in politics should also read sports papers sometime!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Aryan languages. It is spoken in most of the states of northern and central India. ______ is closely related to the Urdu language that is primarily spoken in Pakistan. For all intents and purposes, the two languages are almost identical. The crucial difference is in the writing system. ______ is written in Devanagari. On the other hand, Urdu uses the Arabic semiotic system. Distinctive for ______ are the many dialects.

These differ, sometimes strongly, from one another due to the country's size. ______ is the native language of 370 million people. An additional 150 million people are proficient in ______ as a second language. With that, ______ is among the most spoken languages of the world. It is in second place after Chinese. So it comes before Spanish and English! And India's influence in the world is growing rapidly!


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book2 English US - Persian for beginners