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67 [sixty-seven]

Possessive pronouns 2


‫67 [شصت و هفت]‬

‫ضمائر ملکی 2‬


the glasses
He has forgotten his glasses.
‫او (مرد) عینکش را فراموش کرده.‬
oo eynakash ra faramush karde.
Where has he left his glasses?
‫عینکش کجاست؟‬
eynakash kojast?
the clock
His clock isn’t working.
‫ساعت او (مرد) خراب است.‬
sa-ate oo kharab ast.
The clock hangs on the wall.
‫ساعت به دیوار آویزان است.‬
sa-at be divar avizan ast.
the passport
He has lost his passport.
‫او (مرد) پاسپورتش را گم کرده.‬
oo pasportash ra gom karde.
Where is his passport then?
‫پاسپورتش کجاست؟‬
pasportash kojast?
they – their
‫آنها-مال آنها‬
anha - male anha
The children cannot find their parents.
‫بچه ها نمی توانند والدین خود را پیدا کنند.‬
bache-ha nemitavanand valedaine khod ra payda konand.
Here come their parents!
‫آنجا هستند، دارند می آیند!‬
anja hastand, darand mi-ayand.
you – your
‫شما (مخاطب مرد) – مال شما‬
shoma - male shoma
How was your trip, Mr. Miller?
‫آقای مولر، مسافرتتان چگونه بود؟‬
aghaye muler, mosaferetan chegune bud?
Where is your wife, Mr. Miller?
‫آقای مولر، همسرتان کجا هستند؟‬
aghaye muler, mosaferetan chegune bud?r, hamsaretan koja hastand?
you – your
‫شما (مخاطب مونث) – مال شما‬
shoma - male shoma
How was your trip, Mrs. Smith?
‫خانم اشمیت، مسافرتتان چگونه بود؟‬
khanome eshmit, mosaferatetan chgune bud?
Where is your husband, Mrs. Smith?
‫خانم اشمیت، شوهرتان کجا هستند؟‬
khanome eshmit, show-haretan koja hastand?

Genetic mutation makes speaking possible

Man is the only living creature on Earth that can speak. This distinguishes him from animals and plants. Of course animals and plants also communicate with each other. However, they do not speak a complex syllable language. But why can man speak? Certain physical features are needed in order to be able to speak. These physical features are only found in humans. However, that does not necessarily mean that man developed them. In evolutionary history, nothing happens without a reason. Somewhere along the line, man began to speak. We do not yet know when exactly that was. But something must have happened that gave man speech. Researchers believe that a genetic mutation was responsible. Anthropologists have compared the genetic material of various living beings. It is well known that a particular gene influences speech. People in which it is damaged have problems with speech. They can't express themselves well and have a hard time understanding words. This gene was examined in people, apes, and mice. It is very similar in humans and chimpanzees. Only two small differences can be identified. But these differences make their presence known in the brain. Together with other genes, they influence certain brain activities. Thus humans can speak, whereas apes cannot. However, the riddle of the human language is not yet solved. For the gene mutation alone is not enough to enable speech. Researchers implanted the human gene variant in mice. It didn't give them the ability to speak… But their squeaks made quite a racket!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is thereby related to Finnish and Hungarian. However, parallels to Hungarian are only slightly noticeable. Many think that ______ is similar to Latvian or Lithuanian. That is completely false, however. Both of those languages belong to a completely different language family. ______ does not have any grammatical genders. There is no differentiation between feminine and masculine.

Instead there are 14 different cases. The orthography is not very difficult. It is determined by the pronunciation. This should definitely be practiced with a native speaker. If you want to learn ______, you need discipline and a little patience. ______s are happy to overlook little mistakes made by foreigners. They are excited to meet anyone who is interested in their language!


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book2 English UK - Persian for beginners