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34 [thirty-four]

On the train


34 [ముప్పై నాలుగు]

ట్రైన్ లో


Is that the train to Berlin?
ఆ ట్రైన్ బర్లీన్ కి వెళ్ళేదేనా?
Ā ṭrain barlīn ki veḷḷēdēnā?
When does the train leave?
ట్రైన్ ఎప్పుడు బయలుదేరుతుంది?
Ṭrain eppuḍu bayaludērutundi?
When does the train arrive in Berlin?
ట్రైన్ బర్లీన్ కి ఎప్పుడు చేరుకుంటుంది?
Ṭrain barlīn ki eppuḍu cērukuṇṭundi?
Excuse me, may I pass?
క్షమించండి, కొంచం జరుగుతారా?
Kṣamin̄caṇḍi, kon̄caṁ jarugutārā?
I think this is my seat.
ఇది నా సీట్ అనుకుంటా
Idi nā sīṭ anukuṇṭā
I think you’re sitting in my seat.
మీరు నా సీట్ లో కూర్చున్నారనుకుంటా
Mīru nā sīṭ lō kūrcunnāranukuṇṭā
Where is the sleeper?
స్లీపర్ ఎక్కడ ఉంది?
Slīpar ekkaḍa undi?
The sleeper is at the end of the train.
స్లీపర్ ట్రైన్ చివర ఉంది
Slīpar ṭrain civara undi
And where is the dining car? – At the front.
అలాగే డైనింగ్ కార్ ఎక్కడ ఉంది? - ముందర
Alāgē ḍainiṅg kār ekkaḍa undi? - Mundara
Can I sleep below?
నేను కింద పడుకోవచ్చా?
Nēnu kinda paḍukōvaccā?
Can I sleep in the middle?
నేను మధ్యలో పడుకోవచ్చా?
Nēnu madhyalō paḍukōvaccā?
Can I sleep at the top?
నేను పైన పడుకోవచ్చా?
Nēnu paina paḍukōvaccā?
When will we get to the border?
మనం సరిహద్దు కి ఎప్పుడు చేరుకుంటాము?
Manaṁ sarihaddu ki eppuḍu cērukuṇṭāmu?
How long does the journey to Berlin take?
బర్లీన్ చేరుకోవడానికి ఎంత సేపు పడుతుంది?
Barlīn cērukōvaḍāniki enta sēpu paḍutundi?
Is the train delayed?
ట్రైన్ ఆలస్యంగా నడుస్తోందా?
Ṭrain ālasyaṅgā naḍustōndā?
Do you have something to read?
మీ వద్ద చడివేందుకు ఏమైనా ఉందా?
Mī vadda caḍivēnduku ēmainā undā?
Can one get something to eat and to drink here?
ఇక్కడ తాగడానికి, తినడానికి ఏమైనా దొరుకుతాయా?
Ikkaḍa tāgaḍāniki, tinaḍāniki ēmainā dorukutāyā?
Could you please wake me up at 7 o’clock?
నన్ను 7 కి లేపగలుగుతారా?
Nannu 7 ki lēpagalugutārā?

Babies are lip readers!

When babies are learning to speak, they pay attention to their parents' mouths. Developmental psychologists have figured this out. Babies begin to read lips around six months of age. This way they learn how they must form their mouth to produce sounds. When babies are a year old, they can already understand a few words. From this age on they begin to look people in the eyes again. In doing so they get a lot of important information. By looking into their eyes, they can tell if their parents are happy or sad. They get to know the world of feelings in this way. It gets interesting when someone speaks to them in a foreign language. Then babies begin to read lips all over again. In this way they learn how to form foreign sounds as well. Therefore, when you speak with babies you should always look at them. Aside from that, babies need dialogue for their language development. In particular, parents often repeat what babies say. Babies thus receive feedback. That is very important for infants. Then they know that they are understood. This confirmation motivates babies. They continue to have fun learning to speak. So it's not enough to play audiotapes for babies. Studies prove that babies really are able to read lips. In experiments, infants were shown videos without sound. There were both native language and foreign language videos. The babies looked longer at the videos in their own language. They were noticeably more attentive in doing so. But the first words of babies are the same worldwide. "Mum" and "Dad" – easy to say in all languages!

Guess the language!

Polish is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 45 million people. These people live primarily in Poland and in several Eastern European countries. Polish emigrants took their language to other continents as well. As a result, there are approximately 60 million Polish speakers worldwide. It is the most-spoken Slavic language after Russian. Polish is closely related to Czech and Slovakian. The modern Polish language developed from different dialects.

Today there are hardly any dialects because most Poles use the standard language. The Polish alphabet is written in Latin letters and consists of 35 letters. The last but one syllable of a word is always accented. The grammar contains seven cases and three genders. This means almost every word ending is declined or conjugated. As a result Polish is not necessarily considered the easiest of languages. But it will soon be one of the more important European languages!

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