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34 [thirty-four]

On the train


34 [முப்பத்தி நான்கு]



Is that the train to Berlin?
அது பெர்லினுக்கு போகும் ரயிலா?
atu perliṉukku pōkum rayilā?
When does the train leave?
ரயில் எத்தனை மணிக்கு கிளம்பும்?
Rayil ettaṉai maṇikku kiḷampum?
When does the train arrive in Berlin?
பெர்லினுக்கு எபபொழுது போய்ச் சேரும்?
Perliṉukku epapoḻutu pōyc cērum?
Excuse me, may I pass?
மன்னிக்கவும்! நான் இவ்வழியாக செல்லலாமா?
Maṉṉikkavum! Nāṉ ivvaḻiyāka cellalāmā?
I think this is my seat.
இது என்னுடைய இருக்கை /ஸீட் என்று நினைக்கிறேன்.
Itu eṉṉuṭaiya irukkai/sīṭ eṉṟu niṉaikkiṟēṉ.
I think you’re sitting in my seat.
நீங்கள் என் இடத்தில் அமர்ந்திருக்கிறீர்கள் என்று நினைக்கிறேன்.
Nīṅkaḷ eṉ iṭattil amarntirukkiṟīrkaḷ eṉṟu niṉaikkiṟēṉ.
Where is the sleeper?
ஸ்லீப்பர் எங்கே இருக்கிறது?
Slīppar eṅkē irukkiṟatu?
The sleeper is at the end of the train.
ஸ்லீப்பர் ரயிலின் முடிவில் இருக்கிறது.
Slīppar rayiliṉ muṭivil irukkiṟatu.
And where is the dining car? – At the front.
உணவுப்பெட்டி எங்கே இருக்கிறது? ரயில் ஆரம்பத்தில்.
Uṇavuppeṭṭi eṅkē irukkiṟatu? Rayil ārampattil.
Can I sleep below?
நான் கீழ் பர்தில் உறங்கலாமா?
Nāṉ kīḻ partil uṟaṅkalāmā?
Can I sleep in the middle?
நான் நடு பர்தில் உறங்கலாமா?
Nāṉ naṭu partil uṟaṅkalāmā?
Can I sleep at the top?
நான் மேல் பர்தில் உறங்கலாமா?
Nāṉ mēl partil uṟaṅkalāmā?
When will we get to the border?
நாம் எல்லைக்கு எப்பொழுது போய்ச் சேருவோம்?
Nām ellaikku eppoḻutu pōyc cēruvōm?
How long does the journey to Berlin take?
பெர்லின் பயணம் எத்தனை நாழி எடுக்கும்?
Perliṉ payaṇam ettaṉai nāḻi eṭukkum?
Is the train delayed?
ரயில் தாமதமாக செல்கிறதா?
Rayil tāmatamāka celkiṟatā?
Do you have something to read?
உங்களிடம் படிப்பதற்கு ஏதாவது இருக்கிறதா?
Uṅkaḷiṭam paṭippataṟku ētāvatu irukkiṟatā?
Can one get something to eat and to drink here?
இங்கு சாப்பிடுவதற்கோ குடிப்பதற்கோ ஏதாவது கிடைக்குமா?
Iṅku cāppiṭuvataṟkō kuṭippataṟkō ētāvatu kiṭaikkumā?
Could you please wake me up at 7 o’clock?
தயவு செய்து என்னை 7 மணிக்கு எழுப்பி விடுகிறீர்களா?
Tayavu ceytu eṉṉai 7 maṇikku eḻuppi viṭukiṟīrkaḷā?

Babies are lip readers!

When babies are learning to speak, they pay attention to their parents' mouths. Developmental psychologists have figured this out. Babies begin to read lips around six months of age. This way they learn how they must form their mouth to produce sounds. When babies are a year old, they can already understand a few words. From this age on they begin to look people in the eyes again. In doing so they get a lot of important information. By looking into their eyes, they can tell if their parents are happy or sad. They get to know the world of feelings in this way. It gets interesting when someone speaks to them in a foreign language. Then babies begin to read lips all over again. In this way they learn how to form foreign sounds as well. Therefore, when you speak with babies you should always look at them. Aside from that, babies need dialogue for their language development. In particular, parents often repeat what babies say. Babies thus receive feedback. That is very important for infants. Then they know that they are understood. This confirmation motivates babies. They continue to have fun learning to speak. So it's not enough to play audiotapes for babies. Studies prove that babies really are able to read lips. In experiments, infants were shown videos without sound. There were both native language and foreign language videos. The babies looked longer at the videos in their own language. They were noticeably more attentive in doing so. But the first words of babies are the same worldwide. ‘Mum’ and ‘Dad’ – easy to say in all languages!

Guess the language!

Polish is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 45 million people. These people live primarily in Poland and in several Eastern European countries. Polish emigrants took their language to other continents as well. As a result, there are approximately 60 million Polish speakers worldwide. It is the most-spoken Slavic language after Russian. Polish is closely related to Czech and Slovakian. The modern Polish language developed from different dialects.

Today there are hardly any dialects because most Poles use the standard language. The Polish alphabet is written in Latin letters and consists of 35 letters. The last but one syllable of a word is always accented. The grammar contains seven cases and three genders. This means almost every word ending is declined or conjugated. As a result Polish is not necessarily considered the easiest of languages. But it will soon be one of the more important European languages!


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