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54 [fifty-four]



‫54 [پنجاه و چهار]‬



I want to buy a present.
‫من می‌خواهم یک کادو بخرم.‬
man mikhâham yek kâdo bekharam.
But nothing too expensive.
‫اما زیاد گران نباشد.‬
ammâ na chandân gerân.
Maybe a handbag?
‫شاید یک کیف دستی؟‬
shâyad yek kife dasti.
Which color would you like?
‫چه رنگی دوست دارید؟‬
che rangi doost dârid?
Black, brown or white?
‫سیاه، قهوه‌ای یا سفید؟‬
siâh, ghahve-i yâ sefid?
A large one or a small one?
‫بزرگ باشد یا کوچک؟‬
bozorg bâshad yâ kuchak?
May I see this one, please?
‫می‌توانم این یکی را ببینم؟‬
mitavânam in yeki râ bebinam?
Is it made of leather?
‫این از جنس چرم است؟‬
in az jense charm ast?
Or is it made of plastic?
‫یا از جنس پلاستیک است؟‬
yâ az mavâde masnu-i ast?
Of leather, of course.
‫قطعاً چرمی‌است.‬
ghat-an charmi ast.
This is very good quality.
‫از کیفیت خیلی خوبی برخوردار است.‬
az keyfiate besyâr khubi barkhordâr ast.
And the bag is really very reasonable.
‫و قیمت این کیف دستی واقعاً مناسب است.‬
va ghymate kif dasti vâghe-an monâseb ast.
I like it.
‫از این یکی خوشم می‌آید.‬
az in yeki khosham mi-âyad.
I’ll take it.
‫این یکی را بر می‌دارم.‬
in yeki râ bar midâram.
Can I exchange it if needed?
‫شاید بخواهم آن را عوض کنم، امکان دارد؟‬
shâyad bekhâham ân râ avaz konam, emkân dârad?
Of course.
‫بله، مسلماً.‬
bale, mosalaman.
We’ll gift wrap it.
‫آن را به صورت کادو بسته بندی می‌کنیم.‬
ân râ be surate kâdo baste-bandi mikonim.
The cashier is over there.
‫آن روبرو صندوق پرداخت است.‬
ân rooberoo sandughe pardâkht ast.

Who understands whom?

There are about 7 billion people in the world. They all have a language. Unfortunately, it's not always the same. So in order to speak with other nations, we must learn languages. That is often very arduous. But there are languages that are very similar. Their speakers understand one another, without mastering the other language. This phenomenon is called mutual intelligibility. Whereby two variants are distinguished. The first variant is oral mutual intelligibility. Here, the speakers understand each other when they talk. They do not understand the written form of the other language, however. This is because the languages have different written forms. Examples of this are the languages Hindi and Urdu. Written mutual intelligibility is the second variant. In this case, the other language is understood in its written form. But the speakers do not understand each other when they speak to each other. The reason for this is that they have very different pronunciation. German and Dutch are examples of this. The most closely related languages contain both variants. Meaning they are mutually intelligible both orally and in written form. Russian and Ukrainian or Thai and Laotian are examples. But there is also an asymmetrical form of mutual intelligibility. That is the case when speakers have different levels of understanding each other. Portuguese understand Spanish better than the Spanish understand Portuguese. Austrians also understand Germans better than the other way around. In these examples, pronunciation or dialect is a hindrance. He who really wants to have good conversations must learn something new…

AF Afrikaans is one of the eleven official languages of South Africa. It was the language of the Boers. They settled in Africa during colonial times. Its origins can be traced to 17th century Dutch. Therefore, it belongs to the West Germanic language family. The language has naturally changed over time. The grammar of Afrikaans is simpler than that of Dutch today.

It also contains many elements that were borrowed from English. This is because the British also had colonies in the region. Afrikaans is not only understood in South Africa, though. It is also spoken in Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana. It is estimated that in total more than 20 million people understand Afrikaans. It is the native language of 7 million people in South Africa alone. Even more people speak Afrikaans as their second or third language. A person can get around easily in many regions of Africa with Afrikaans. Therefore it is worth it to learn this relatively simple language!


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book2 English US - Persian for beginners