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49 [forty-nine]



‫49 [چهل و نه]‬



Do you exercise?
‫تمرین می‌کنی؟‬
tamrin mikoni?
Yes, I need some exercise.
‫بله، من باید تمرین داشته باشم.‬
bale, man bâyad tamrin dâshte bâsham.
I am a member of a sports club.
‫من به باشگاه ورزشی می‌روم.‬
man be yek bâshgâhe varzeshi miravam.
We play football / soccer (am.).
‫ما فوتبال بازی می‌کنیم.‬
mâ footbâl bâzi mikonim.
We swim sometimes.
‫گاهی اوقات شنا می‌کنیم.‬
gâhi oghât shenâ mikonim.
Or we cycle.
‫یا اینکه دوچرخه سواری می‌کنیم.‬
yâ in ke docharkhe-savâri mikonim.
There is a football / soccer (am.) stadium in our city.
‫شهر ما یک استادیوم فوتبال دارد.‬
dar shahre mâ yek estâdiume footbâl vojud dârad.
There is also a swimming pool with a sauna.
‫یک استخر با سونا هم دارد.‬
yek estakhr bâ sonâ ham vojud dârad.
And there is a golf course.
‫و یک زمین گلف هم اینجا هست.‬
va yek zamine golf ham vojud dârad.
What is on TV?
‫تلویزیون چه برنامه ای دارد؟‬
televizion che barnâme-e dârad?
There is a football / soccer (am.) match on now.
‫الان یک بازی فوتبال در حال پخش است.‬
al-ân yek bâzi-ye footbâl dar hâle pakhsh ast.
The German team is playing against the English one.
‫تیم آلمان در مقابل تیم انگلیس بازی می‌کند.‬
time âlmân dar moghâbele time engelis bâzi mikonad.
Who is winning?
‫کی برنده می‌شود؟‬
che kasi (kodâm tim) barande mishavad?
I have no idea.
It is currently a tie.
‫فعلا بازی مساویست.‬
fe-elan bâzi mosâvist.
The referee is from Belgium.
‫داور اهل بلژیک است.‬
dâvar az beljik ast.
Now there is a penalty.
‫الان پنالتی شد.‬
al-ân penâlti shod.
Goal! One – zero!
‫گل! یک بر هیچ.‬
gol! yek bar hich.

Only strong words survive!

Rarely used words change more often than words that are used often. That could be due to the laws of evolution. Common genes change less in the course of time. They are more stable in their form. And apparently the same is true for words! English verbs were evaluated for a study. In it, current forms of the verbs were compared to old forms. In English, the ten most common verbs are irregular. Most other verbs are regular. But in the Middle Ages, most verbs were still irregular. So irregular verbs that were rarely used became regular verbs. In 300 years, English will have hardly any remaining irregular verbs. Other studies also show that languages are selected like genes. Researchers compared common words from different languages. In the process they chose similar words that mean the same thing. An example of this are the words: water, Wasser, vatten. These words have the same root and therefore closely resemble one another. Since they are essential words, they are used frequently in all languages. In this way, they are able to maintain their form – and remain similar today. Less essential words change much faster. Rather, they are replaced by other words. Rarely used words differentiate themselves in this way in different languages. Why rarely used words change remains unclear. It's possible that they are often used incorrectly or are mispronounced. This is due to the fact that speakers aren't familiar with them. But it could be that essential words must always be the same. Because only then can they be understood correctly. And words are there to be understood…

Guess the language!

Ukrainian is counted among the East Slavic languages. It is closely related to Russian and Belarusian. More than 40 million people speak Ukrainian. It is the third most-spoken Slavic language after Russian and Polish. Ukrainian developed around the end of the 18th century out of the vernacular. A distinct written language emerged at that time, and with it came literature. Today there are a number of dialects that are divided into three main groups. Vocabulary, syntax, and articulation are evocative of other Slavic languages.

That is because the Slavic languages started differentiating themselves relatively late. Due to the geographical situation of Ukraine, there are many Polish and Russian influences. The grammar contains seven cases. Ukrainian adjectives define relationships to people or things very clearly. A speaker is able to demonstrate his attitude or mindset depending on which form of a word he chooses. Another hallmark of Ukrainian is its highly melodic sound. If you like languages that sound melodious, you should learn Ukrainian!


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book2 English US - Persian for beginners