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22 [twenty-two]

Small Talk 3


‫22 [بیست و دو]‬

‫گفتگوی کوتاه 3‬


Do you smoke?
‫شما سیگار می‌کشید؟‬
shomâ sigâr mikeshid?
I used to.
‫در گذشته، بله.‬
dar gozashte, bale.
But I don’t smoke anymore.
‫اما حالا دیگر سیگار نمی‌کشم.‬
ammâ hâlâ digar sigâr ne-mikesham.
Does it disturb you if I smoke?
‫اذیت می‌شوید اگر من سیگار بکشم؟‬
azi-yat mishavid agar man sigâr bekesham?
No, absolutely not.
‫نه، مطلقاً نه.‬
na, motlaghan na.
It doesn’t disturb me.
‫من را ناراحت نمی‌کند.‬
mozâhemati barâye man nist.
Will you drink something?
‫شما چیزی می‌نوشید؟‬
shomâ chizi mi-nushid?
A brandy?
‫یک گیلاس کنیاک؟‬
yek gilâs konyâk?
No, preferably a beer.
‫نه، ترجیح می‌دهم آبجو بنوشم.‬
na, tarjih midaham yek âbe-jo benusham.
Do you travel a lot?
‫شما زیاد مسافرت می‌کنید؟‬
shomâ ziâd mosâferat mikonid?
Yes, mostly on business trips.
‫بله، البته اکثرا سفرهای کاری است.‬
bale, albate aksaran safar-hâye kâri.
But now we’re on holiday.
‫اما حالا اینجا تعطیلاتمان را می‌گذرانیم.‬
ammâ hâlâ injâ ta-atilâtemân râ migoza-rânim.
It’s so hot!
‫اینجا چقدر گرم است.‬
injâ cheghadr garm ast.
Yes, today it’s really hot.
‫بله امروز واقعاً خیلی گرم است.‬
bale emrooz vâghe-an garm ast.
Let’s go to the balcony.
‫برویم روی بالکن.‬
beravim rooye bâlkon.
There’s a party here tomorrow.
‫فردا اینجا یک مهمانی برگزار می‌شود.‬
fardâ injâ yek mehmâni bargozâr mishavad.
Are you also coming?
‫شما هم می‌آیید؟‬
shomâ ham mi-âyid?
Yes, we’ve also been invited.
‫بله، ما هم دعوت شده ایم.‬
bale mâ ham da-avat shode-im.

Language and writing

Each language is used for communication between people. When we speak, we express what we are thinking and feeling. In doing so, we don't always stick to the rules of our language. We use our own language, our vernacular. It's different in written language. Here, all the rules of our language are displayed. Writing is what enables a language to become a real language. It makes language visible. Through writing, thousands of years' worth of knowledge is passed on. This is why writing is the foundation of every sophisticated culture. The first form of writing was invented more than 5,000 years ago. It was the cuneiform writing of the Sumerians. It was carved into slabs of clay. This cuneiform was used for three hundred years. The hieroglyphics of the ancient Egyptians existed for about as long. Countless scientists have devoted their studies to it. Hieroglyphics represent a relatively complicated writing system. However, it was probably invented for a very simple reason. The Egypt of that time was a vast kingdom with many inhabitants. Everyday life and above all the economic system needed to be organized. Taxes and accounting needed to be efficiently managed. For this, the ancient Egyptians developed their graphic characters. Alphabetic writing systems, on the other hand, go back to the Sumerians. Each writing system reveals a great deal about the people who use it. Furthermore, each country shows its own characteristics through its writing. Unfortunately, the art of handwriting is disappearing. Modern technology makes it almost superfluous. So: Don't just speak, keep writing too!

Guess the language!

Kannada is a member of the Dravidian language family. These languages are primarily spoken in southern India. Kannada is not related to the Indo-Aryan languages of northern India. Approximately 40 million people speak Kannada as their native language. It is recognized as one of the 22 national languages of India. Kannada is an agglutinating language. That means that grammatical functions are expressed by affixes. The language is divided into four regional dialect groups.

The dialect indicates where the speakers come from. Additionally, their social class can also be identified based on their language. Spoken and written Kannada differ from one another. Like many other Indian languages, Kannada has its own writing system. It is a hybrid of alphabet and syllabic writing. It consists of many round symbols, which is typical for southern Indian writing systems. And it is really a lot of fun to learn these beautiful letters.


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book2 English US - Persian for beginners