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3 [three]

Getting to know others


‫3 [سه]‬

‫آشنا شدن‬


‫روز بخیر!‬
ruz be khair!
How are you?
‫حالت چطوره؟ / چطوری‬
hâlet chetore?
Do you come from Europe?
‫شما از اروپا می‌آیید؟ ‬
shomâ az orupâ mi-âyid?
Do you come from America?
‫شما از امریکا می‌آیید؟‬
shomâ az âmrikâ mi-âyid?
Do you come from Asia?
‫شما از آسیا می‌آیید؟‬
shomâ az âsiâ mi-âyid?
In which hotel are you staying?
‫در کدام هتل اقامت دارید؟‬
dar kodâm hotel eghâmat dârid?
How long have you been here for?
‫چقدر از اقامتتان در اینجا می‌گذرد؟‬
che moddat az eghâmate-tân dar injâ migozarad?
How long will you be staying?
‫چقدر اینجا می‌مانید؟‬
che moddat injâ mimânid?
Do you like it here?
‫از اینجا خوشتان می‌آید؟‬
az injâ khoshetân mi-ây-yad?
Are you here on vacation?
‫برای مسافرت اینجا هستید؟ / در تعطیلات هستید؟‬
barâye mosâferat injâ hastid?
Please do visit me sometime!
‫سری به من بزنید!‬
sari be man bezanid
Here is my address.
‫این آدرس من است.‬
in âdrese man ast.
Shall we see each other tomorrow?
‫فردا همدیگر را می‌بینیم؟‬
fardâ ham digar râ mibinim?
I am sorry, but I already have plans.
‫متاسفم، من کار دارم.‬
mota-asefam, man kâr dâram.
khodâ hâfez!
Good bye!
‫خدا نگهدار!‬
khodâ negahdâr!
See you soon!
‫تا بعد!‬
tâ ba-ad!


We can communicate with languages. We tell others what we're thinking or feeling. Writing has this function as well. Most languages have a written form, or writing. Writing consists of characters. These characters can be diverse. Most writing is made up of letters. These letters make up alphabets. An alphabet is an organized set of graphic symbols. These characters are joined to form words according to certain rules. Each character has a fixed pronunciation. The term "alphabet" comes from the Greek language. There, the first two letters were called "alpha" and "beta". There have been many different alphabets throughout history. People were using characters more than 3,000 years ago. Earlier, characters were magical symbols. Only a few people knew what they meant. Later, the characters lost their symbolic nature. Today, letters have no meaning. They only have a meaning when they are combined with other letters. Characters such as that of the Chinese function differently. They resemble pictures and often depict what they mean. When we write, we are encoding our thoughts. We use characters to record our knowledge. Our brain has learned how to decode the alphabet. Characters become words, words become ideas. In this way, a text can survive for thousands of years. And still be understood…

Guess the language!

******i is one of the Indo-Iranian languages. It is the native language of about 200 million people. More than 140 million of those people live in Bangladesh. There are also approximately 75 million speakers in India. Additional speakers are found in Malaysia, Nepal and Saudi Arabia. ******i is thus one of the most spoken languages of the world. The language has its own writing system. There are even distinct symbols for numbers.

Nowadays, however, Arabic digits are used most of the time. ******i syntax follows strict rules. The subject comes first, then the object, and finally the verb. There are no grammatical genders. Nouns and adjectives also vary only slightly. That is a good thing for everyone that wants to learn this important language. And as many as possible should do so!


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book2 English US - Persian for beginners