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15 [fifteen]

Fruits and food


15 [ਪੰਦਰਾਂ]

ਫਲ ਤੇ ਭੋਜਨ


I have a strawberry.
ਮੇਰੇ ਕੋਲ ਇੱਕ ਸਟਰਾਬਰੀ ਹੈ।
mērē kōla ika saṭarābarī hai.
I have a kiwi and a melon.
ਮੇਰੇ ਕੋਲ ਇੱਕ ਕਿਵੀ ਅਤੇ ਇੱਕ ਖਰਬੂਜਾ ਹੈ।
Mērē kōla ika kivī atē ika kharabūjā hai.
I have an orange and a grapefruit.
ਮੇਰੇ ਕੋਲ ਇੱਕ ਸੰਤਰਾ ਅਤੇ ਇੱਕ ਅੰਗੂਰ ਹੈ।
Mērē kōla ika satarā atē ika agūra hai.
I have an apple and a mango.
ਮੇਰੇ ਕੋਲ ਇੱਕ ਸੇਬ ਅਤੇ ਇੱਕ ਅੰਬ ਹੈ।
Mērē kōla ika sēba atē ika aba hai.
I have a banana and a pineapple.
ਮੇਰੇ ਕੋਲ ਇੱਕ ਕੇਲਾ ਅਤੇ ਇੱਕ ਅਨਾਨਾਸ ਹੈ।
Mērē kōla ika kēlā atē ika anānāsa hai.
I am making a fruit salad.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਫਲਾਂ ਦਾ ਸਲਾਦ ਬਣਾ ਰਿਹਾ / ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ ika phalāṁ dā salāda baṇā rihā/ rahī hāṁ.
I am eating toast.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਟੋਸਟ ਖਾ ਰਿਹਾ / ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ ika ṭōsaṭa khā rihā/ rahī hāṁ.
I am eating toast with butter.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਟੋਸਟ ਮੱਖਣ ਦੇ ਨਾਲ ਖਾ ਰਿਹਾ / ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ ika ṭōsaṭa makhaṇa dē nāla khā rihā/ rahī hāṁ.
I am eating toast with butter and jam.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਟੋਸਟ ਮੱਖਣ ਅਤੇ ਮੁਰੱਬੇ ਦੇ ਨਾਲ ਖਾ ਰਿਹਾ / ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ ika ṭōsaṭa makhaṇa atē murabē dē nāla khā rihā/ rahī hāṁ.
I am eating a sandwich.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਸੈਂਡਵਿੱਚ ਖਾ ਰਿਹਾ / ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ ika saiṇḍavica khā rihā/ rahī hāṁ.
I am eating a sandwich with margarine.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਸੈਂਡਵਿੱਚ ਮਾਰਜਰੀਨ ਦੇ ਨਾਲ ਖਾ ਰਿਹਾ / ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ ika saiṇḍavica mārajarīna dē nāla khā rihā/ rahī hāṁ.
I am eating a sandwich with margarine and tomatoes.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਸੈਂਡਵਿੱਚ ਮਾਰਜਰੀਨ ਅਤੇ ਟਮਾਟਰ ਦੇ ਨਾਲ ਖਾ ਰਿਹਾ / ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ ika saiṇḍavica mārajarīna atē ṭamāṭara dē nāla khā rihā/ rahī hāṁ.
We need bread and rice.
ਸਾਨੂੰ ਰੋਟੀ ਅਤੇ ਚੌਲਾਂ ਦੀ ਜ਼ਰੂਰਤ ਹੈ।
Sānū rōṭī atē caulāṁ dī zarūrata hai.
We need fish and steaks.
ਸਾਨੂੰ ਮੱਛੀ ਅਤੇ ਸਟੇਕਸ ਦੀ ਜ਼ਰੂਰਤ ਹੈ।
Sānū machī atē saṭēkasa dī zarūrata hai.
We need pizza and spaghetti.
ਸਾਨੂੰ ਪੀਜ਼ਾ ਅਤੇ ਸਪਾਘੇਟੀ ਦੀ ਜ਼ਰੂਰਤ ਹੈ।
Sānū pīzā atē sapāghēṭī dī zarūrata hai.
What else do we need?
ਸਾਨੂੰ ਹੋਰ ਕਿਸ ਚੀਜ਼ ਦੀ ਜ਼ਰੂਰਤ ਹੈ।
Sānū hōra kisa cīza dī zarūrata hai.
We need carrots and tomatoes for the soup.
ਸਾਨੂੰ ਸੂਪ ਵਸਤੇ ਗਾਜਰ ਅਤੇ ਟਮਾਟਰ ਦੀ ਜ਼ਰੂਰਤ ਹੈ।
Sānū sūpa vasatē gājara atē ṭamāṭara dī zarūrata hai.
Where is the supermarket?
ਸੁਪਰ – ਮਾਰਕੀਟ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
Supara – mārakīṭa kithē hai?

Media and language

Our language is also influenced by media. New media play an especially large role here. A whole language has emerged from text messages, email and chatting. This media language is of course different in every country. Certain characteristics, however, are found in all media languages. Above all, speed is important for us users. Although we write, we want to generate a live communication. Meaning, we want to exchange information as quickly as possible. So we simulate a real conversation. In this way, our language has developed a verbal character. Words or sentences are often shortened. Grammar and punctuation rules are generally ignored. Our spelling is looser, and prepositions are often missing completely. Feelings are only seldom expressed in media language. Here we prefer to use so-called emoticons. These are symbols that are meant to indicate what we're feeling at the moment. There are also distinct codes for texting and a slang for chat communication. Media language is therefore a very reduced language. But it is used by all (users) in a similar way. Studies show that education or intellect don't make a difference. Young people especially like using media language. That's why critics believe that our language is in danger. Science sees the phenomenon less pessimistically. Because children can differentiate when and how they should write. Experts believe that the new media language even has advantages. Because it can promote children's language skills and creativity. And: More is being written today – not letters, but emails! We're happy about this!

Guess the language!

******an is spoken by approximately 4 million people. ******an is counted among the southern Caucasian languages. It is written in its own semiotic system, the ******an alphabet. This writing system has 33 letters. They have the same sequence as the Greek alphabet. However, the ******an writing system is most likely derived from that of the Aramaic language. In ******an it is typical to have many consonants follow each other. Many ******an words are therefore difficult for foreigners to pronounce.

The grammar is also not very easy. It contains many elements that do not exist in any other language. ******an vocabulary reveals a lot about the history of the Caucasus. It contains many words that were adopted from other languages. Among them are Greek, Persian, Arabic, Russian and Turkish. But the special thing about ******an is its long tradition. ******an is among the oldest living languages of the civilized world!


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