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97 [ninety-seven]

Conjunctions 4


‫97 [نود و هفت]‬

‫حروف ربط 4‬


He fell asleep although the TV was on.
‫با وجود این که تلویزیون روشن بود، او (مرد) خوابش برد.‬
bâ vojude in ke televizion row-shan bud, oo khâbash bord.
He stayed a while although it was late.
‫با وجود این که دیروقت بود، او (مرد) ماند.‬
bâ vojude in ke dir vaght bud, oo mând.
He didn’t come although we had made an appointment.
‫با وجود این که قرار داشتیم، او (مرد) نیامد.‬
bâ vojude in ke gharâr dâshtim, oo nayâmad.
The TV was on. Nevertheless, he fell asleep.
‫تلویزیون روشن بود. با وجود این او (مرد) خوابش برد.‬
televizion roshan bud. bâ vojude in oo khâbash bord.
It was already late. Nevertheless, he stayed a while.
‫دیر وقت بود. با وجود این او (مرد) ماند.‬
dir vaght bud, bâ vojude in oo mând.
We had made an appointment. Nevertheless, he didn’t come.
‫ما با هم قرار ملاقات داشتیم. با وجود این او (مرد) نیامد.‬
mâ bâ ham gharâre molâghât dâshtim, bâ vojude in oo nayâmad.
Although he has no license, he drives the car.
‫با وجود این که گواهی نامه ی رانندگی ندارد، رانندگی می کند
bâ vojude in ke gavâhi-nâme-ye rânandegi nadârad, rânandegi mikonad.
Although the road is slippery, he drives so fast.
‫با وجود این که خیابان لغزنده بود، با سرعت رانندگی می کند.‬
bâ vojude in ke khiâbân laghzande bud, bâ sorat rânandegi mikonad.
Although he is drunk, he rides his bicycle.
‫با وجود این که مست است، با دوچرخه می رود.‬
bâ vojude in ke mast ast, bâ docharkhe miravad.
Despite having no licence / license (am.), he drives the car.
‫او (مرد) گَواهی نامه ندارد. با وجود این او (مرد) رانندگی می کند
oo gavâhi-nâme nadârad. bâ vojude in oo rânandegi mikonad.
Despite the road being slippery, he drives fast.
‫خیابان لغزنده است. باوجود این او (مرد) تند می راند.‬
khiâbân laghzande ast. bâ vojude in oo tond miranad.
Despite being drunk, he rides the bike.
‫او (مرد) مست است. با وجود این او (مرد) با دوچرخه می رود.‬
oo mast ast. bâ vojude in oo bâ docharkhe miravad.
Although she went to college, she can’t find a job.
‫با این که او (زن) تحصیل کرده است، کار پیدا نمی کند.‬
bâ in ke oo tahsil karde ast, kâr peydâ nemikonad.
Although she is in pain, she doesn’t go to the doctor.
‫با این که او (زن) درد دارد، به دکتر نمی رود.‬
bâ in ke oo dard dârad, be doktor nemiravad.
Although she has no money, she buys a car.
‫با این که او (زن) پول ندارد، ماشین می خرد.‬
bâ in ke oo pool nadârad, mâshin mikharad.
She went to college. Nevertheless, she can’t find a job.
‫او تحصیل کرده است. با وجود این کار پیدا نمی کند.‬
oo tahsil karde ast. bâ vojude in kâr peydâ nemikonad.
She is in pain. Nevertheless, she doesn’t go to the doctor.
‫او (زن) درد دارد. با وجود این به دکتر مراجعه نمی کند.‬
oo dard dârad. bâ vojude in be doktor morâje-e nemikonad.
She has no money. Nevertheless, she buys a car.
‫او (زن) پول ندارد. با وجود این یک خودرو می خرد.‬
oo pool nadârad. bâ vojude in yek khodro mikharad.

Young people learn differently than older people

Children learn language relatively quickly. It typically takes longer for adults. But children don't learn better than adults. They just learn differently. When learning languages, the brain has to accomplish quite a lot. It has to learn multiple things simultaneously. When a person is learning a language, it's not enough to just think about it. He must also learn how to say the new words. For that, the speech organs must learn new movements. The brain must also learn to react to new situations. It is a challenge to communicate in a foreign language. Adults learn languages differently in every period of life, however. With 20 or 30 years of age, people still have a learning routine. School or studying isn't that far in the past. Therefore, the brain is well trained. As a result it can learn foreign languages at a very high level. People between the ages of 40 and 50 have already learned a lot. Their brain profits from this experience. It can combine new content with old knowledge well. At this age it learns best the things with which it is already familiar. That is, for example, languages that are similar to languages learned earlier in life. With 60 or 70 years of age, people typically have a lot of time. They can practice often. That is especially important with languages. Older people learn foreign writing especially well, for example. One can learn successfully at every age. The brain can still build new nerve cells after puberty. And it enjoys doing so…

Guess the language!

******ian is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is the native language of about 2 million people. These people live in ******ia, Croatia, Serbia, Austria, Italy and Hungary. ******ian is similar in many ways to Czech and ****akian. Many influences from Serbo-Croatian can also be seen. Although ******ia is a small country, many different dialects exist there. This is due to the fact that the language region looks back at a checkered history. This manifests itself in the vocabulary too, as it contains many foreign language terms.

******ian is written with Latin letters. The grammar distinguishes six cases and three genders. There are two official phonologies in the pronunciation. One of them differentiates precisely between high and low sounds. Another peculiarity of the language is its archaic structure. ******ians have always been very open with respect to other languages. So they are even happier when someone is interested in their language!


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book2 English UK - Persian for beginners