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79 [seventy-nine]

Adjectives 2


‫79 [هفتاد و نه]‬

‫صفت ها 2‬


I am wearing a blue dress.
‫من یک لباس آبی به تن دارم.‬
man yek lebâse âbi be tan dâram.
I am wearing a red dress.
‫من یک لباس قرمز به تن دارم.‬
man yek lebâse ghermez be tan dâram.
I am wearing a green dress.
‫من یک لباس سبز به تن دارم.‬
man yek lebâse sabz be tan dâram.
I’m buying a black bag.
‫من یک کیف سیاه می خرم.‬
man yek kife siâh mi kharam.
I’m buying a brown bag.
‫من یک کیف قهوه ای می خرم.‬
man yek kife ghahve-e mi kharam.
I’m buying a white bag.
‫من یک کیف سفید می خرم.‬
man yek kife sefid mi kharam.
I need a new car.
‫من یک خودروی جدید لازم دارم.‬
man yek khodroye jadid lâzem dâram.
I need a fast car.
‫من یک خودروی سریع لازم دارم.‬
man yek khodroye sari lâzem dâram.
I need a comfortable car.
‫من یک خودروی راحت لازم دارم.‬
man yek khodroye râhat lâzem dâram.
An old lady lives at the top.
‫آن بالا یک خانم پیر زندگی می کند.‬
ân bâlâ yek khânome pir zendegi mikonad.
A fat lady lives at the top.
‫آن بالا یک خانم چاق زندگی می کند.‬
ân bâlâ yek khânome châgh zendegi mikonad.
A curious lady lives below.
‫آن پائین یک خانم کنجکاو زندگی می کند.‬
ân pâ-in yek khânome konjkâv zendegi mikonad.
Our guests were nice people.
‫میهمانانمان آدم های مهربانی بودند.‬
mihmânân-emân âdam hâye merabâni budand.
Our guests were polite people.
‫میهمانانمان آدم های مودبی بودند.‬
mihmânân-emân âdam hâye moadabi budand.
Our guests were interesting people.
‫میهمانانمان آدم های جالبی بودند.‬
mihmânân-emân âdam hâye jâlebi budand.
I have lovely children.
‫من بچه های نازنینی دارم.‬
man bache hâye nâzanini dâram.
But the neighbours have naughty children.
‫اما همسایه ها بچه های بی ادبی دارند.‬
ammâ hamsâye hâ bache hâye bi adabi dârand.
Are your children well behaved?
‫بچه های شما با ادب هستند؟‬
bache hâye shomâ bâ adab hastand?

One language, many varieties

Even if we only speak one language, we speak many languages. For no language is a self-contained system. Every language shows many different dimensions. Language is a living system. Speakers always orient themselves towards their conversation partners. Therefore, people vary the language they speak. These varieties appear in various forms. For example, every language has a history. It has changed and will continue to change. This can be recognized in the fact that old people speak differently than young people. There are also various dialects in most languages. However, many dialect speakers can adapt to their environment. In certain situations they speak the standard language. Different social groups have different languages. Youth language or hunter's jargon are examples of this. Most people speak differently at work than they do at home. Many also use a professional jargon at work. Differences also appear in spoken and written language. Spoken language is typically much simpler than written. The difference can be quite large. This is the case when written languages don't change for a long time. Speakers then must learn to use the language in written form first. The language of women and men is often different as well. This difference isn't that great in western societies. But there are countries in which women speak much more differently than men. In some cultures, politeness has its own linguistic form. Speaking is therefore not at all so easy! We have to pay attention to many different things at the same time…

Guess the language!

______ is spoken by approximately 75 million people. These people mainly live in North and South *****. However, there are also ______ minorities in China and Japan. It is still debated as to which language family ______ belongs. The fact that ***** is divided is also noticeable in the language of the two countries. South *****, for example, adopts many words from English. North ______s often do not understand these words. The standard languages of both countries are based on the dialects of their respective capital cities.

Another feature of the ______ language is its preciseness. For example, the language indicates which relationship speakers have to one another. That means there are a great deal of polite forms of address and many different terms for relatives. The ______ writing system is a letter system. Individual letters are combined as syllables in imaginary squares. Especially interesting are the consonants that function as pictures through their shape. They show which position mouth, tongue, palate and throat have in the pronunciation.


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book2 English UK - Persian for beginners