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77 [seventy-seven]

giving reasons 3


‫77 [هفتاد و هفت]‬

‫دلیل آوردن برای چیزی 3‬


Why aren’t you eating the cake?
‫چرا کیک را نمی خورید؟‬
chera keyk ra nemi khorid?
I must lose weight.
‫من باید وزن کم کنم.‬
man bayad vazn kam konam.
I’m not eating it because I must lose weight.
‫من نمی خورم زیرا باید وزن کم کنم.‬
man nemi khoram zira bayad vazn kam konam.
Why aren’t you drinking the beer?
‫چرا آبجو را نمی نوشید؟‬
chera abejo ra nemi nushid?
I have to drive.
‫چون باید رانندگی کنم.‬
chun bayad ranandegi konam.
I’m not drinking it because I have to drive.
‫من آن را نمی نوشم زیرا باید رانندگی کنم.‬
man in ra nemi nusham zira bayad ranandegi konam.
Why aren’t you drinking the coffee?
‫چرا تو قهوه را نمی نوشی؟‬
chera to ghahve ra nemi nushi?
It is cold.
‫سرد شده است.‬
sard shode ast.
I’m not drinking it because it is cold.
‫من قهوه را نمی نوشم زیرا سرد شده است.‬
man ghahve ra nemi nusham zira sard shode ast.
Why aren’t you drinking the tea?
‫چرا تو چای را نمی نوشی؟‬
chera to chay ra nemi nushi?
I have no sugar.
‫من شکر ندارم.‬
man shekar nadaram.
I’m not drinking it because I don’t have any sugar.
‫من چای را نمی نوشم زیرا شکر ندارم.‬
man chay ra nemi nusham zira shekar nadaram.
Why aren’t you eating the soup?
‫چرا شما سوپ را نمی خورید؟‬
chera shoma sup ra nemi khorid?
I didn’t order it.
‫من سوپ سفارش نداده ام.‬
man sup sefaresh nadade am.
I’m not eating it because I didn’t order it.
‫من سوپ نمی خورم زیرا من آن را سفارش نداده ام.‬
man sup nemi khoram zira man Inra sefaresh nadade am.
Why don’t you eat the meat?
‫چرا شما گوشت را نمی خورید؟‬
chera shoma goosht ra nemi khorid?
I am a vegetarian.
‫من گیاه خوار هستم.‬
man sabzi khor hastam.
I’m not eating it because I am a vegetarian.
‫من گوشت نمی خورم زیرا گیاه خوار هستم.‬
man goosht nemi khoram zira sabzi khor hastam.

Gestures help with the learning of vocabulary

When we learn vocabulary, our brain has a lot of work to do. It must store every new word. But you can support your brain in learning. This is achieved through gestures. Gestures help our memory. It can remember words better if it processes gestures at the same time. A study has clearly proven this. Researchers had test subjects study vocabulary. These words didn't really exist. They belonged to an artificial language. A few words were taught to the test subjects with gestures. That is to say, the test subjects didn't just hear or read the words. Using gestures, they imitated the meaning of the words as well. While they studied, their brain activity was measured. Researchers made an interesting discovery in the process. When the words were learned with gestures, more areas of the brain were active. In addition to the speech centre, sensomotoric areas showed activity as well. This additional brain activity influences our memory. In learning with gestures, complex networks form. These networks save the new words in multiple places in the brain. Vocabulary can be processed more efficiently this way. When we want to use certain words our brain finds them faster. They are also stored better. It's important, however, that the gesture is associated with the word. Our brain recognizes when a word and gesture don't go together. The new findings could lead to new teaching methods. Individuals that know little about languages often learn slowly. Perhaps they will learn easier if they imitate the words physically…

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Dravidian language family. These languages are primarily spoken in southern India. ______ is not related to the Indo-Aryan languages of northern India. Approximately 40 million people speak ______ as their native language. It is recognized as one of the 22 national languages of India. ______ is an agglutinating language. That means that grammatical functions are expressed by affixes. The language is divided into four regional dialect groups.

The dialect indicates where the speakers come from. Additionally, their social class can also be identified based on their language. Spoken and written ______ differ from one another. Like many other Indian languages, ______ has its own writing system. It is a hybrid of alphabet and syllabic writing. It consists of many round symbols, which is typical for southern Indian writing systems. And it is really a lot of fun to learn these beautiful letters.


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book2 English UK - Persian for beginners