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66 [sixty-six]

Possessive pronouns 1


‫66 [شصت و شش]‬

‫ضمائر ملکی 1‬


I – my
‫من – مال من‬
man - mâle man
I can’t find my key.
‫من کلیدم را پیدا نمی کنم.‬
man kelidam râ paydâ nemikonam.
I can’t find my ticket.
‫من بلیط اتوبوسم را پیدا نمی کنم.‬
man belite otobusam râ paydâ nemikonam.
you – your
‫تو- مال تو‬
to - mâle to
Have you found your key?
‫کلیدت را پیدا کردی؟‬
kelidat râ paydâ kardi?
Have you found your ticket?
‫بلیط اتوبوست را پیدا کردی؟‬
belite otobusat râ paydâ kardi?
he – his
‫او(مرد)- مال او‬
oo - mâle oo
Do you know where his key is?
‫می دانی کلید او کجاست؟‬
midâni kelide oo kojâst?
Do you know where his ticket is?
‫می دانی بلیط اتوبوسش کجاست؟‬
midâni belite otobusash kojâst?
she – her
‫او(زن)- مال او‬
oo mâle oo
Her money is gone.
‫پولش گم شده است.‬
poolash gom shode ast.
And her credit card is also gone.
‫کارت اعتباریش هم گم شده است.‬
kârte e-etebâriash ham gom shode ast.
we – our
‫ما – مال ما‬
mâ - mâle mâ
Our grandfather is ill.
‫پدربزرگمان مریض است.‬
pedar-bozorgemân mariz ast.
Our grandmother is healthy.
‫مادربزرگمان سالم است.‬
mâdar-bozorgemân sâlem ast.
you – your
‫شما (جمع) – مال شما‬
shomâ (jam-a) - mâle shomâ
Children, where is your father?
‫بچه ها، پدرتان کجاست؟‬
bache-hâ, pedaretân kojâst?
Children, where is your mother?
‫بچه ها، مادرتان کجاست؟‬
bache-hâ, mâdaretân kojâst?

Creative Language

Today, creativity is an important feature. Everyone wants to be creative. Because creative people are considered intelligent. Our language should be creative as well. Previously, people tried to speak as correctly as possible. Today a person should speak as creatively as possible. Advertising and new media are examples of this. They demonstrate how one can play with language. For the last 50 years the significance of creativity has increased greatly. Even research is concerned with the phenomenon. Psychologists, educators and philosophers examine creative processes. Creativity is defined as the ability to create something new. So a creative speaker produces new linguistic forms. They could be words or grammatical structures. By studying creative language, linguists can identify how language changes. But not everyone understands new linguistic elements. In order to understand creative language, you need knowledge. One must know how language functions. And one must be familiar with the world in which the speakers live. Only then can one understand what they want to say. Teenage slang is an example of this. Kids and young people are always inventing new terms. Adults often do not understand these words. Now, dictionaries have been published that explain teenage slang. But they are usually already outdated after just one generation! However, creative language can be learned. Trainers offer several courses in it. The most important rule is always: activate your inner voice!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the constructed languages. Constructed languages are deliberately created, so they follow a clear plan. Elements from different languages are mixed in the process. In this way, constructed languages should be easy to learn for as many people as possible. ______ was first introduced in Warsaw in 1887. Its founder was the doctor Ludwik L. Zamenhof (pseudonym: Dr. ______, the Hopeful). He believed that communication problems were the main cause of unhappiness. Therefore, he wanted to create a neutral language that brought people together.

Today ______ is the most well-known constructed language in the world. It is also associated with goals like tolerance and civil rights. ______ is largely Indo-European oriented. The majority of the vocabulary, for example, is originally Romanian. People in more than 120 countries are proficient in the language. They get together regularly in clubs and at international conventions. Learn ______ and find new friends!


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book2 English UK - Persian for beginners