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34 [thirty-four]

On the train

 


‫34 [سی و چهار]‬

‫در قطار‬

 

 
Is that the train to Berlin?
‫این قطاری است که به برلین می رود؟‬
in ghatâr-ist ke be berlin miravad?
When does the train leave?
‫قطار چه موقع حرکت می کند؟‬
ghatâr che moghe harekat mikonad?
When does the train arrive in Berlin?
‫قطار چه موقع به برلین می رسد؟‬
ghatâr che moghe be berlin miresad?
 
 
 
 
Excuse me, may I pass?
‫ببخشید، اجازه هست عبور کنم؟‬
bebakh-shid, ejâze hast obur konam?
I think this is my seat.
‫فکر می کنم اینجا جای من است.‬
fekr mikonam injâ jâye man ast.
I think you’re sitting in my seat.
‫فکر می کنم شما روی صندلی من نشسته اید.‬
fekr mikonam shomâ rooye sandali-e man neshaste-id.
 
 
 
 
Where is the sleeper?
‫کوپه خواب کجا است ؟‬
kup-pe khob kojâst?
The sleeper is at the end of the train.
‫ کوپه خواب در انتهای قطار است.‬
kup-pe khob dar entehâye ghatâr ast.
And where is the dining car? – At the front.
‫و رستوران قطار کجاست؟ درابتدای قطار.‬
va resturân-e ghatâr kojâst? dar ebtedâye ghatâr.
 
 
 
 
Can I sleep below?
‫می توانم پایین بخوابم؟‬
mitavânam pâeen bekhâbam?
Can I sleep in the middle?
‫می توانم وسط بخوابم؟‬
mitavânam vasat bekhâbam?
Can I sleep at the top?
‫می توانم بالا بخوابم؟‬
mitavânam bâlâ bekhâbam?
 
 
 
 
When will we get to the border?
‫کی به مرز می رسیم؟‬
key be marz miresim?
How long does the journey to Berlin take?
‫سفر به برلین چه مدت طول می کشد؟‬
safar be berlin che mod-dat tool mikeshad?
Is the train delayed?
‫قطار تاخیر دارد؟‬
ghatâr takhir dârad?
 
 
 
 
Do you have something to read?
‫چیزی برای خواندن دارید؟‬
chizi barâye khândan dârid?
Can one get something to eat and to drink here?
‫اینجا می توان خوراکی یا نوشیدنی تهیه کرد؟‬
injâ mitavân khorâki yâ nushidani tahi-ye kard?
Could you please wake me up at 7 o’clock?
‫ممکن است مرا ساعت 7 بیدار کنید؟‬
momken ast marâ sâ-ate haft bidâr konid?
 
 
 
 
 


Babies are lip readers!

When babies are learning to speak, they pay attention to their parents' mouths. Developmental psychologists have figured this out. Babies begin to read lips around six months of age. This way they learn how they must form their mouth to produce sounds. When babies are a year old, they can already understand a few words. From this age on they begin to look people in the eyes again. In doing so they get a lot of important information. By looking into their eyes, they can tell if their parents are happy or sad. They get to know the world of feelings in this way. It gets interesting when someone speaks to them in a foreign language. Then babies begin to read lips all over again. In this way they learn how to form foreign sounds as well. Therefore, when you speak with babies you should always look at them. Aside from that, babies need dialogue for their language development. In particular, parents often repeat what babies say. Babies thus receive feedback. That is very important for infants. Then they know that they are understood. This confirmation motivates babies. They continue to have fun learning to speak. So it's not enough to play audiotapes for babies. Studies prove that babies really are able to read lips. In experiments, infants were shown videos without sound. There were both native language and foreign language videos. The babies looked longer at the videos in their own language. They were noticeably more attentive in doing so. But the first words of babies are the same worldwide. "Mum" and "Dad" – easy to say in all languages!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 45 million people. These people live primarily in Poland and in several Eastern European countries. ______ emigrants took their language to other continents as well. As a result, there are approximately 60 million ______ speakers worldwide. It is the most-spoken Slavic language after Russian. ______ is closely related to Czech and Slovakian. The modern ______ language developed from different dialects.

Today there are hardly any dialects because most Poles use the standard language. The ______ alphabet is written in Latin letters and consists of 35 letters. The last but one syllable of a word is always accented. The grammar contains seven cases and three genders. This means almost every word ending is declined or conjugated. As a result ______ is not necessarily considered the easiest of languages. But it will soon be one of the more important European languages!

 

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