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20 [twenty]

Small Talk 1


‫20 [بیست]‬

‫گفتگوی کوتاه 1‬


Make yourself comfortable!
‫راحت باشید! ‬
rahat bashid!
Please, feel right at home!
‫منزل خودتان است.‬
manzele khodetan ast.
What would you like to drink?
‫چه میل دارید بنوشید؟‬
che mail darid benooshid?
Do you like music?
‫موسیقی دوست دارید؟‬
moosighi dust darid?
I like classical music.
‫من موسیقی کلاسیک دوست دارم.‬
man moosighi-e kelasik dust daram.
These are my CD’s.
‫اینها سی دی های من است.‬
inha C D haye man ast.
Do you play a musical instrument?
‫شما ساز می نوازید؟‬
wma saj my nuajyd?
This is my guitar.
‫این گیتار من است.‬
in gitare man ast.
Do you like to sing?
‫شما به آوازخواندن علاقه دارید؟‬
shoma be avaz khan-dan alaghe darid?
Do you have children?
‫شما فرزند دارید؟‬
shoma farzand darid?
Do you have a dog?
‫شما سگ دارید؟‬
shoma sag darid?
Do you have a cat?
‫شما گربه دارید؟‬
shoma gorbe darid?
These are my books.
‫اینها کتاب های من هست.‬
inha ketab-haye man hast.
I am currently reading this book.
‫من الان دارم این کتاب را می خوانم.‬
man al-an daram in ketab ra mikhanam.
What do you like to read?
‫در چه حوزه ای مطالعه دارید؟‬
dar che ho-ze-ee motale-e darid?
Do you like to go to concerts?
‫شما علاقه مند به کنسرت رفتن هستید؟‬
shoma ala-ghe-mand be konsert raftan hastid?
Do you like to go to the theatre / theater (am.)?
‫شما علاقه مند به تئاتر رفتن هستید؟‬
shoma ala-ghe-mand be ta-atr raftan hastid?
Do you like to go to the opera?
‫شما علاقه مند به اپرا رفتن هستید؟‬
shoma ala-ghe-mand be opera raftan hastid?

Mother language? Father language!

As a child, from whom did you learn your language? For sure you'll say: From mother! Most people in the world think that. The term "mother language" exists in almost all nations. The English as well as the Chinese are familiar with it. Perhaps because mothers spend more time with the children. But recent studies have come to different results. They show that our language is mostly the language of our fathers. Researchers examined genetic material and languages of mixed tribes. In such tribes, the parents came from different cultures. These tribes originated thousands of years ago. Large migratory movements were the reason for this. The genetic material of these mixed tribes was genetically analyzed. Then it was compared to the language of the tribe. Most tribes speak the language of their male ancestors. That means, the language of the country comes from the Y chromosome. So men brought their language with them to foreign lands. And the women there then adopted the new language of the men. But even today, fathers have a great deal of influence on our language. Because when learning, babies are oriented toward the language of their father. Fathers speak considerably less with their children. The male sentence structure is also simpler than that of the female. As a result, the language of the father is better suited for babies. It doesn't overwhelm them and is easier to learn as a result. That is why children prefer to imitate "Dad" when speaking rather than "Mum". Later, the mother's vocabulary shapes the child's language. In this way, mothers influence our language as well as fathers. So it should be called parental language!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Romance languages. That means that it developed out of Latin. ______ is the native language of about 70 million people. The majority of those live in ****y. ______ is also understood in Slovenia and Croatia. The language traveled as far away as Africa through colonial politics. Even today, ______ is understood in Libya, Somalia, and Eritrea by many older people. Numerous emigrants also took the language with them to their new homeland.

Most notably there are many ______-language communities in South America. Often ______ has mixed in with Spanish in those areas and created new languages. The unusual thing about ______ is its many different dialects. Some experts even speak of individual languages. The orthography of ______ is not difficult; it follows the pronunciation. For many, ______ is the most beautiful language in the world! Perhaps because it is the language of music, design and good cuisine?


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book2 English UK - Persian for beginners