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18 [eighteen]

House cleaning


‫18 [هجده]‬

‫نظافت خانه‬


Today is Saturday.
‫امروز شنبه است.‬
emrooz shanbe ast.
We have time today.
‫ما امروز وقت داریم.‬
mâ emrooz vaght dârim.
We are cleaning the apartment today.
‫امروز آپارتمان را تمیز می کنیم.‬
emrooz âpârtemân râ tamiz mikonim.
I am cleaning the bathroom.
‫من حمام را تمیز می کنم.‬
man hammâm râ tamiz mikonam.
My husband is washing the car.
‫شوهرم اتومبیل را می شوید.‬
show-haram otomobil râ mishu-yad.
The children are cleaning the bicycles.
‫بچه ها دوچرخه ها را تمیز می کنند.‬
bache-hâ do-char-khe-hâ râ tamiz miko-nand.
Grandma is watering the flowers.
‫مادربزرگ به گلها آب می دهد.‬
mâdar-bozorg be golhâ âb mi-dahad.
The children are cleaning up the children’s room.
‫بچه ها اتاقشان را تمیز می کنند.‬
bache-hâ otâghe-shân râ tamiz miko-nand.
My husband is tidying up his desk.
‫شوهرم میز تحریرش را مرتب می کند.‬
show-haram mize tahri-rash râ moratab mikonad.
I am putting the laundry in the washing machine.
‫من لباسها را درون ماشین لباس شوئی می ریزم.‬
man lebâs-hâ râ darune mâshine lebâs-shui mirizam.
I am hanging up the laundry.
‫من لباسها را آویزان می کنم.‬
man lebâs-hâ râ âvizân mikonam.
I am ironing the clothes.
‫من لباسها را اتو می کنم.‬
man lebâs-hâ râ otu mikonam.
The windows are dirty.
‫پنجره ها کثیف هستند.‬
panjere-hâ kasif hastand.
The floor is dirty.
‫کف اتاق کثیف است.‬
kafe otâgh kasif ast.
The dishes are dirty.
‫ظرفها کثیف است.‬
zarf-hâ kasif ast.
Who washes the windows?
‫کی پنجره ها را تمیز می کند؟‬
ki panjere-hâ râ tamiz mikonad?
Who does the vacuuming?
‫کی جارو می کند؟‬
ki jâru mikonad?
Who does the dishes?
‫کی ظرفها را می شوید؟‬
ki zarf-hâ râ mi-shu-yad?

Early Learning

Today, foreign languages are becoming more and more important. This also applies to professional life. As a result, the number of people learning foreign languages has increased. Many parents would also like their children to learn languages. It is best at a young age. There are already many international grade schools worldwide. Kindergartens with multilingual education are becoming more and more popular. Starting to learn so early has many advantages. This is due to the development of our brain. Our brain builds structures for languages up to the age of 4. These neuronal networks help us in learning. Later in life, new structures do not form as well. Older children and adults have more difficulty learning languages. Therefore, we should promote the early development of our brain. In brief: the younger, the better. There are also people, however, who criticize early learning. They fear that multilingualism overwhelms small children. Besides that, there is the fear that they won't learn any language properly. These doubts are unfounded from a scientific standpoint though. Most linguists and neuropsychologists are optimistic. Their studies of the topic show positive results. Children usually have fun in language courses. And: If children learn languages, they also think about languages. Therefore, by learning foreign languages they get to know their native language. They profit from this knowledge of languages their entire life. Maybe it's actually better to start with more difficult languages. Because the brain of a child learns quickly and intuitively. It doesn't care if it stores hello, ciao or néih hóu!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Aryan languages. It is spoken in most of the states of northern and central India. ______ is closely related to the Urdu language that is primarily spoken in Pakistan. For all intents and purposes, the two languages are almost identical. The crucial difference is in the writing system. ______ is written in Devanagari. On the other hand, Urdu uses the Arabic semiotic system. Distinctive for ______ are the many dialects.

These differ, sometimes strongly, from one another due to the country's size. ______ is the native language of 370 million people. An additional 150 million people are proficient in ______ as a second language. With that, ______ is among the most spoken languages of the world. It is in second place after Chinese. So it comes before Spanish and English! And India's influence in the world is growing rapidly!


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book2 English UK - Persian for beginners