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15 [fifteen]

Fruits and food


‫15 [پانزده]‬

‫میوه ها و مواد غذایی‬


I have a strawberry.
‫من یک توت فرنگی دارم.‬
man yek toot farangi dâram.
I have a kiwi and a melon.
‫من یک کیوی و یک خربزه دارم.‬
man yek kivi va yek khar-boze dâram.
I have an orange and a grapefruit.
‫من یک پرتقال و یک گریپ فروت دارم.‬
man yek porteghâl va yek grip-forut dâram.
I have an apple and a mango.
‫من یک سیب و یک انبه دارم.‬
man yek sib va yek anbe dâram.
I have a banana and a pineapple.
‫من یک موز و یک آناناس دارم.‬
man yek moze va yek ânânâs dâram.
I am making a fruit salad.
‫من یک سالاد میوه درست می کنم.‬
man yek sâlâde mive dorost mikonam.
I am eating toast.
‫من یک نان تست می خورم.‬
man yek nâne tost mikhoram.
I am eating toast with butter.
‫من نان تست با کره می خورم.‬
man nâne tost bâ kare mikhoram.
I am eating toast with butter and jam.
‫من یک نان تست با کره و مربا می خورم.‬
man yek nâne tost bâ kare va morabâ mikhoram.
I am eating a sandwich.
‫من یک ساندویچ می خورم.‬
man yek sândevich mikhoram.
I am eating a sandwich with margarine.
‫من یک ساندویچ با مارگارین می خورم.‬
man yek sândewich bâ mârgârin mikhoram.
I am eating a sandwich with margarine and tomatoes.
‫من ساندویچ با مارگارین و گوجه فرنگی می خورم.‬
man sândewich bâ mârgârin va goje farangi mikhoram.
We need bread and rice.
‫ما نان و برنج لازم داریم.‬
mâ nân va berenj lâzem dârim.
We need fish and steaks.
‫ما ماهی و استیک لازم داریم.‬
mâ mâhi va estek lâzem dârim.
We need pizza and spaghetti.
‫ما پیتزا و اسپاگتی لازم داریم.‬
mâ pitzâ va espâgeti lâzem dârim.
What else do we need?
‫ما چه چیز دیگری لازم داریم؟‬
mâ che chizi digari lâzem dârim?
We need carrots and tomatoes for the soup.
‫ما برای سوپ هویج و گوجه فرنگی لازم داریم.‬
mâ barâye sup havij va goje farangi lâzem dârim.
Where is the supermarket?
‫سوپرمارکت کجاست؟‬
super mârket kojâst?

Media and language

Our language is also influenced by media. New media play an especially large role here. A whole language has emerged from text messages, email and chatting. This media language is of course different in every country. Certain characteristics, however, are found in all media languages. Above all, speed is important for us users. Although we write, we want to generate a live communication. Meaning, we want to exchange information as quickly as possible. So we simulate a real conversation. In this way, our language has developed a verbal character. Words or sentences are often shortened. Grammar and punctuation rules are generally ignored. Our spelling is looser, and prepositions are often missing completely. Feelings are only seldom expressed in media language. Here we prefer to use so-called emoticons. These are symbols that are meant to indicate what we're feeling at the moment. There are also distinct codes for texting and a slang for chat communication. Media language is therefore a very reduced language. But it is used by all (users) in a similar way. Studies show that education or intellect doesn't make a difference. Young people especially like using media language. That's why critics believe that our language is in danger. Science sees the phenomenon less pessimistically. Because children can differentiate when and how they should write. Experts believe that the new media language even has advantages. Because it can promote children's language skills and creativity. And: More is being written today – not letters, but emails! We're happy about this!

Guess the language!

______ is spoken by approximately 4 million people. ______ is counted among the southern Caucasian languages. It is written in its own semiotic system, the ______ alphabet. This writing system has 33 letters. They have the same sequence as the Greek alphabet. However, the ______ writing system is most likely derived from that of the Aramaic language. In ______ it is typical to have many consonants follow each other. Many ______ words are therefore difficult for foreigners to pronounce.

The grammar is also not very easy. It contains many elements that do not exist in any other language. ______ vocabulary reveals a lot about the history of the Caucasus. It contains many words that were adopted from other languages. Among them are Greek, Persian, Arabic, Russian and Turkish. But the special thing about ______ is its long tradition. ______ is among the oldest living languages of the civilized world!


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book2 English UK - Persian for beginners