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58 [fifty-eight]

Parts of the body


58 [యాభై ఎనిమిది]

శరీర అవయవాలు


I am drawing a man.
నేను ఒక మగమనిషి బొమ్మ గీస్తున్నాను
Nēnu oka magamaniṣi bom'ma gīstunnānu
First the head.
మొదట తల
Modaṭa tala
The man is wearing a hat.
ఆ మనిషి ఒక టోపీ పెట్టుకుని ఉన్నాడు
Ā maniṣi oka ṭōpī peṭṭukuni unnāḍu
One cannot see the hair.
ఎవ్వరూ ఆ మనిషి జుట్టుని చూడలేరు
Evvarū ā maniṣi juṭṭuni cūḍalēru
One cannot see the ears either.
అలాగే ఆ మనిషి చెవులని కూడా ఎవ్వరూ చూడలేరు
Alāgē ā maniṣi cevulani kūḍā evvarū cūḍalēru
One cannot see his back either.
అదే విధంగా ఆ మనిషి వీపుని కూడా ఎవ్వరూ చూడలేరు
Adē vidhaṅgā ā maniṣi vīpuni kūḍā evvarū cūḍalēru
I am drawing the eyes and the mouth.
నేను కళ్ళు మరియు నోటిని గీస్తున్నాను
Nēnu kaḷḷu mariyu nōṭini gīstunnānu
The man is dancing and laughing.
మనిషి నర్తిస్తున్నాడు మరియు నవ్వుతున్నాడు
Maniṣi nartistunnāḍu mariyu navvutunnāḍu
The man has a long nose.
ఆ మనిషికి ఒక పొడుగాటి ముక్కు ఉంది
Ā maniṣiki oka poḍugāṭi mukku undi
He is carrying a cane in his hands.
అతను తన చేతిలో ఒక చేతికర్రని పుచ్చుకుని ఉన్నాడు
Atanu tana cētilō oka cētikarrani puccukuni unnāḍu
He is also wearing a scarf around his neck.
అతను తన మెడ చుట్టూ ఒక స్కార్ఫ్ ని కూడా చుట్టుకుని ఉన్నాడు
Atanu tana meḍa cuṭṭū oka skārph ni kūḍā cuṭṭukuni unnāḍu
It is winter and it is cold.
ఇది శీతాకాలం, ఇప్పుడు చల్లగా ఉంది
Idi śītākālaṁ, ippuḍu callagā undi
The arms are athletic.
చేతులు దృఢంగా ఉన్నాయి
Cētulu dr̥ḍhaṅgā unnāyi
The legs are also athletic.
కాళ్ళు కూడా దృఢంగా ఉన్నాయి
Kāḷḷu kūḍā dr̥ḍhaṅgā unnāyi
The man is made of snow.
ఆ మనిషిని మంచుతో తయారుచేయబడింది
Ā maniṣini man̄cutō tayārucēyabaḍindi
He is neither wearing pants nor a coat.
అతను ప్యాంటు గానీ కోట్ కానీ ఏదీ వేసుకోలేదు
Atanu pyāṇṭu gānī kōṭ kānī ēdī vēsukōlēdu
But the man is not freezing.
కానీ ఆ మనిషి చలికి గడ్డకట్టుకుపోలేదు
Kānī ā maniṣi caliki gaḍḍakaṭṭukupōlēdu
He is a snowman.
అతను ఒక స్నో-మ్యాన్
Atanu oka snō-myān

The language of our ancestors

Modern languages can be analyzed by linguists. Various methods are used to do so. But how did people speak thousands of years ago? It is much more difficult to answer this question. Despite this, scientists have been busy researching for years. They would like to explore how people spoke earlier. In order to do this, they attempt to reconstruct ancient speech forms. American scientists have now made an exciting discovery. They analyzed more than 2,000 languages. In particular they analyzed the sentence structure of the languages. The results of their study were very interesting. About half of the languages had the S-O-V sentence structure. That is to say, the sentences are ordered by subject, object and verb. More than 700 languages follow the pattern S-V-O. And about 160 languages operate according to the V-S-O system. Only about 40 languages use the V-O-S pattern. 120 languages display a hybrid. On the other hand, O-V-S and O-S-V are distinctly rarer systems. The majority of the analyzed languages use the S-O-V principle. Persian, Japanese and Turkish are some examples. Most living languages follow the S-V-O pattern, however. This sentence structure dominates the Indo-European language family today. Researchers believe that the S-O-V model was used earlier. All languages are based on this system. But then the languages diverged. We don't yet know how that happened. However, the variation of sentence structures must have had a reason. Because in evolution, only that which has an advantage prevails…

Guess the language!

******i is one of the Indo-Iranian languages. It is the native language of about 200 million people. More than 140 million of those people live in Bangladesh. There are also approximately 75 million speakers in India. Additional speakers are found in Malaysia, Nepal and Saudi Arabia. ******i is thus one of the most spoken languages of the world. The language has its own writing system. There are even distinct symbols for numbers.

Nowadays, however, Arabic digits are used most of the time. ******i syntax follows strict rules. The subject comes first, then the object, and finally the verb. There are no grammatical genders. Nouns and adjectives also vary only slightly. That is a good thing for everyone that wants to learn this important language. And as many as possible should do so!


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