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5 [five]

Countries and Languages


५ [पाच]

देश आणि भाषा


John is from London.
जॉन लंडनहून आला आहे.
jŏna laṇḍanahūna ālā āhē.
London is in Great Britain.
लंडन ग्रेट ब्रिटनमध्ये आहे.
Laṇḍana grēṭa briṭanamadhyē āhē.
He speaks English.
तो इंग्रजी बोलतो.
Tō iṅgrajī bōlatō.
Maria is from Madrid.
मारिया माद्रिदहून आली आहे.
Māriyā mādridahūna ālī āhē.
Madrid is in Spain.
माद्रिद स्पेनमध्ये आहे.
Mādrida spēnamadhyē āhē.
She speaks Spanish.
ती स्पॅनीश बोलते.
Tī spĕnīśa bōlatē.
Peter and Martha are from Berlin.
पीटर आणि मार्था बर्लिनहून आले आहेत.
Pīṭara āṇi mārthā barlinahūna ālē āhēta.
Berlin is in Germany.
बर्लिन जर्मनीमध्ये आहे.
Barlina jarmanīmadhyē āhē.
Do both of you speak German?
तुम्ही दोघेही जर्मन बोलता का?
Tumhī dōghēhī jarmana bōlatā kā?
London is a capital city.
लंडन राजधानीचे शहर आहे.
Laṇḍana rājadhānīcē śahara āhē.
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities.
माद्रिद आणि बर्लिनसुद्धा राजधानीची शहरे आहेत.
Mādrida āṇi barlinasud'dhā rājadhānīcī śaharē āhēta.
Capital cities are big and noisy.
राजधानीची शहरे मोठी आणि गोंगाटाची असतात.
Rājadhānīcī śaharē mōṭhī āṇi gōṅgāṭācī asatāta.
France is in Europe.
फ्रांस युरोपात आहे.
Phrānsa yurōpāta āhē.
Egypt is in Africa.
इजिप्त आफ्रिकेत आहे.
Ijipta āphrikēta āhē.
Japan is in Asia.
जपान आशियात आहे.
Japāna āśiyāta āhē.
Canada is in North America.
कॅनडा उत्तर अमेरीकेत आहे.
Kĕnaḍā uttara amērīkēta āhē.
Panama is in Central America.
पनामा मध्य अमेरीकेत आहे.
Panāmā madhya amērīkēta āhē.
Brazil is in South America.
ब्राझील दक्षिण अमेरीकेत आहे.
Brājhīla dakṣiṇa amērīkēta āhē.

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!

Guess the language!

Bulgarian is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak Bulgarian. The majority of those people, of course, live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. Bulgarian is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking.

These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. Bulgarian verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in Bulgarian. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!


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