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51 [fifty-one]

Running errands

 


51 [ਇਕਵੰਜਾ]

ਖਰੀਦਾਰੀ ਕਰਨਾ

 

 
I want to go to the library.
ਮੈਂ ਪੁਸਤਕਾਲਾ ਜਾਣਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ ਹਾਂ।
maiṁ pusatakālā jāṇā cāhudā hāṁ.
I want to go to the bookstore.
ਮੈ ਕਿਤਾਬਾਂ ਦੀ ਦੁਕਾਨ ਤੇ ਜਾਣਾ ਹੈ।
Mai kitābāṁ dī dukāna tē jāṇā hai.
I want to go to the newspaper stand.
ਮੈਂ ਅਖਬਾਰਾਂ ਦੀ ਫੜ੍ਹੀ ਤੇ ਜਾਣਾ ਹੈ।
Maiṁ akhabārāṁ dī phaṛhī tē jāṇā hai.
 
 
 
 
I want to borrow a book.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਕਿਤਾਬ ਕਿਰਾਏ ਤੇ ਲੈਣੀ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ ika kitāba kirā'ē tē laiṇī cāhudā/ cāhudī hāṁ.
I want to buy a book.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਕਿਤਾਬ ਖਰੀਦਣੀ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ ika kitāba kharīdaṇī cāhudā/ cāhudī hāṁ.
I want to buy a newspaper.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਅਖਬਾਰ ਖਰੀਦਣਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ ika akhabāra kharīdaṇā cāhudā/ cāhudī hāṁ.
 
 
 
 
I want to go to the library to borrow a book.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਕਿਤਾਬ ਲੈਣ ਲਈ ਪੁਸਤਕਾਲੇ ਜਾਣਾ ਹੈ।
Maiṁ ika kitāba laiṇa la'ī pusatakālē jāṇā hai.
I want to go to the bookstore to buy a book.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਕਿਤਾਬ ਖਰੀਦਣ ਲਈ ਕਿਤਾਬਾਂ ਦੀ ਦੁਕਾਨ ਤੇ ਜਾਣਾ ਹੈ।
Maiṁ ika kitāba kharīdaṇa la'ī kitābāṁ dī dukāna tē jāṇā hai.
I want to go to the kiosk / newspaper stand to buy a newspaper.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਅਖਬਾਰ ਖਰੀਦਣ ਲਈ ਅਖਬਾਰਾਂ ਦੀ ਫੜੀ ਤੱਕ ਜਾਣਾ ਹੈ।
Maiṁ ika akhabāra kharīdaṇa la'ī akhabārāṁ dī phaṛī taka jāṇā hai.
 
 
 
 
I want to go to the optician.
ਮੈਂ ਐਨਕਾਂ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਕੋਲ ਜਾਣਾ ਹੈ।
Maiṁ ainakāṁ baṇā'uṇa vālē kōla jāṇā hai.
I want to go to the supermarket.
ਮੈਂ ਬਜ਼ਾਰ ਜਾਣਾ ਹੈ।
Maiṁ bazāra jāṇā hai.
I want to go to the bakery.
ਮੈਂ ਬੇਕਰੀ ਤੇ ਜਾਣਾ ਹੈ।
Maiṁ bēkarī tē jāṇā hai.
 
 
 
 
I want to buy some glasses.
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਐਨਕ ਖਰੀਦਣਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ ika ainaka kharīdaṇā cāhudā/ cāhudī hāṁ.
I want to buy fruit and vegetables.
ਮੈਂ ਫਲ ਅਤੇ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਖਰੀਦਣਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ phala atē sabazī'āṁ kharīdaṇā cāhudā/ cāhudī hāṁ.
I want to buy rolls and bread.
ਮੈਂ ਰੋਲ ਅਤੇ ਬ੍ਰੈੱਡ ਖਰੀਦਣਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ rōla atē braiḍa kharīdaṇā cāhudā/ cāhudī hāṁ.
 
 
 
 
I want to go to the optician to buy glasses.
ਮੈਂ ਐਨਕ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਦੇ ਕੋਲ ਐਨਕ ਖਰੀਦਣ ਜਾਣਾ ਹੈ।
Maiṁ ainaka baṇā'uṇa vālē dē kōla ainaka kharīdaṇa jāṇā hai.
I want to go to the supermarket to buy fruit and vegetables.
ਮੈਂ ਫਲ ਅਤੇ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਖਰੀਦਣ ਦੇ ਲਈ ਬਜ਼ਾਰ ਜਾਣਾ ਹੈ।
Maiṁ phala atē sabazī'āṁ kharīdaṇa dē la'ī bazāra jāṇā hai.
I want to go to the baker to buy rolls and bread.
ਮੈਂ ਰੋਲ ਅਤੇ ਬ੍ਰੈੱਡ ਖਰੀਦਣ ਦੇ ਲਈ ਬੇਕਰੀ ਤੇ ਜਾਣਾ ਹੈ।
Maiṁ rōla atē braiḍa kharīdaṇa dē la'ī bēkarī tē jāṇā hai.
 
 
 
 
 

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Minority languages in Europe

Many different languages are spoken in Europe. Most of them are Indo-European languages. In addition to the large national languages, there are also many smaller languages. They are minority languages. Minority languages are different from official languages. But they aren't dialects. They aren't the languages of immigrants either. Minority languages are always ethnically driven. Meaning, they are the languages of particular ethnic groups. There are minority languages in almost every country of Europe. That amounts to about 40 languages in the European Union. Some minority languages are only spoken in one country. Among them for example is Sorbian in Germany. Romani, on the other hand, has speakers in many European countries. Minority languages have a special status. Because they are only spoken by a relatively small group. These groups cannot afford to build their own schools. It is also difficult for them to publish their own literature. As a result, many minority languages are threatened by extinction. The European Union wants to protect minority languages. Because every language is an important part of a culture or identity. Some nations do not have a commonwealth and only exist as a minority. Various programs and projects are meant to promote their languages. It is hoped that the culture of smaller ethnic groups will be preserved as well. Nevertheless, some minority languages will disappear soon. Among them is Livonian, spoken in a province of Latvia. Only 20 people remain as native speakers of Livonian. This makes Livonian the smallest language in Europe.

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken in Pakistan and a few Indian states. ______ is the native language of about 60 million people. It is the national language in Pakistan. It is also recognized as one of the 22 official languages in India. ______ is very closely related to Hindi. Both languages are basically just two sociolects of Hindustani. Hindustani emerged from different languages in northern India starting in the 13th century.

Today ______ and Hindi are considered two independent languages. Speakers of these languages can communicate with each other easily though. The semiotic system is what clearly differentiates the two. ______ is written with a version of the Persian-Arabic alphabet, while Hindi is not. ______ is very prominent as a literary language. It is also often used in large film productions. Learn ______ - it is the key to the culture of South Asia!

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