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48 [forty-eight]

Vacation activities


४८ [अठ्ठेचाळीस]

सुट्टीतील उपक्रम


Is the beach clean?
समुद्रकिनारा स्वच्छ आहे का?
samudrakinārā svaccha āhē kā?
Can one swim there?
आपण तिथे पोहू शकतो का?
Āpaṇa tithē pōhū śakatō kā?
Isn’t it dangerous to swim there?
तिथे पोहणे धोकादायक तर नाही?
Tithē pōhaṇē dhōkādāyaka tara nāhī?
Can one rent a sun umbrella / parasol here?
इथे पॅरासोल भाड्याने मिळू शकते का?
Ithē pĕrāsōla bhāḍyānē miḷū śakatē kā?
Can one rent a deck chair here?
इथे डेक – खुर्ची भाड्याने मिळू शकते का?
Ithē ḍēka – khurcī bhāḍyānē miḷū śakatē kā?
Can one rent a boat here?
इथे नाव भाड्याने मिळू शकते का?
Ithē nāva bhāḍyānē miḷū śakatē kā?
I would like to surf.
मला सर्फिंग करायचे आहे.
Malā sarphiṅga karāyacē āhē.
I would like to dive.
मला पाणबुड्यांसारखे पाण्याच्या खाली पोहायचे आहे.
Malā pāṇabuḍyānsārakhē pāṇyācyā khālī pōhāyacē āhē.
I would like to water ski.
मला वॉटर स्कीईंग करायचे आहे.
Malā vŏṭara skī'īṅga karāyacē āhē.
Can one rent a surfboard?
सर्फ़ – बोर्ड भाड्याने मिळू शकेल का?
Sarfa – bōrḍa bhāḍyānē miḷū śakēla kā?
Can one rent diving equipment?
डाइव्हिंग उपकरण भाड्याने मिळू शकेल का?
Ḍā'ivhiṅga upakaraṇa bhāḍyānē miḷū śakēla kā?
Can one rent water skis?
वॉटर स्कीज भाड्याने मिळू शकेल का?
Vŏṭara skīja bhāḍyānē miḷū śakēla kā?
I’m only a beginner.
मला यातील साधारण माहिती आहे.
Malā yātīla sādhāraṇa māhitī āhē.
I’m moderately good.
मी साधारण आहे.
Mī sādhāraṇa āhē.
I’m pretty good at it.
यात मी चांगला पांरगत आहे.
Yāta mī cāṅgalā pānragata āhē.
Where is the ski lift?
स्की लिफ्ट कुठे आहे?
Skī liphṭa kuṭhē āhē?
Do you have skis?
तुझ्याकडे स्कीज आहेत का?
Tujhyākaḍē skīja āhēta kā?
Do you have ski boots?
तुझ्याकडे स्की – बूट आहेत का?
Tujhyākaḍē skī – būṭa āhēta kā?

The language of pictures

A German saying goes: A picture says more than a thousand words. That means that pictures are often understood faster than speech. Pictures can also convey emotions better. Because of this, advertising uses a lot of pictures. Pictures function differently than speech. They show us several things simultaneously and in their totality. That means that the whole image together has a certain effect. With speech, considerably more words are needed. But images and speech go together. We need speech in order to describe a picture. By the same token, many texts are first understood through images. The relationship between images and speech is being studied by linguists. It also raises the question whether pictures are a language in their own right. If something is only filmed, we can look at the images. But the message of the film isn't concrete. If an image is meant to function as speech, it must be concrete. The less it shows, the clearer its message. Pictograms are a good example of this. Pictograms are simple and clear pictorial symbols. They replace verbal language, and as such are a form of visual communication. Everyone knows the pictogram for "no smoking" for example. It shows a cigarette with a line through it. Images are becoming even more important due to globalization. But you also have to study the language of images. It is not understandable worldwide, even though many think so. Because our culture influences our understanding of images. What we see is dependent on many different factors. So some people don't see cigarettes, but only dark lines.

Guess the language!

Turkish is one of the nearly 40 Turk languages. It is most closely related to the Azerbaijani language. It is the native or second language of more than 80 million people. These people live primarily in Turkey and in the Balkans. Emigrants also took Turkish to Europe, America and Australia. Turkish has also been influenced by other languages. The vocabulary contains words from Arabic and French. A hallmark of the Turkish language is the many different dialects.

The Istanbul dialect is considered the basis for today's standard language. The grammar distinguishes between six cases. The agglutinating language structure is also characteristic for Turkish. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixes. There is a fixed sequence to these endings but there can be many of them. This principle differentiates Turkish from the Indo-Germanic languages.

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