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89 [eighty-nine]

Imperative 1


८९ [एकोणनव्वद]

आज्ञार्थक १


You are so lazy – don’t be so lazy!
तू खूप आळशी आहेस – इतका / इतकी आळशी होऊ नकोस.
tū khūpa āḷaśī āhēsa – itakā/ itakī āḷaśī hō'ū nakōsa.
You sleep for so long – don’t sleep so late!
तू खूप वेळ झोपतोस / झोपतेस – इतक्या उशीरा झोपू नकोस.
Tū khūpa vēḷa jhōpatōsa/ jhōpatēsa – itakyā uśīrā jhōpū nakōsa.
You come home so late – don’t come home so late!
तू घरी खूप उशीरा येतोस / येतेस – इतक्या उशीरा येऊ नकोस.
Tū gharī khūpa uśīrā yētōsa/ yētēsa – itakyā uśīrā yē'ū nakōsa.
You laugh so loudly – don’t laugh so loudly!
तू खूप मोठ्याने हसतोस / हसतेस – इतक्या मोठ्याने हसू नकोस.
Tū khūpa mōṭhyānē hasatōsa/ hasatēsa – itakyā mōṭhyānē hasū nakōsa.
You speak so softly – don’t speak so softly!
तू खूप हळू बोलतोस / बोलतेस – इतके हळू बोलू नकोस.
Tū khūpa haḷū bōlatōsa/ bōlatēsa – itakē haḷū bōlū nakōsa.
You drink too much – don’t drink so much!
तू खूप पितोस / पितेस – इतके पिऊ नकोस.
Tū khūpa pitōsa/ pitēsa – itakē pi'ū nakōsa.
You smoke too much – don’t smoke so much!
तू खूप धूम्रपान करतोस / करतेस – इतके धूम्रपान करू नकोस.
Tū khūpa dhūmrapāna karatōsa/ karatēsa – itakē dhūmrapāna karū nakōsa.
You work too much – don’t work so much!
तू खूप काम करतोस / करतेस – इतके काम करू नकोस.
Tū khūpa kāma karatōsa/ karatēsa – itakē kāma karū nakōsa.
You drive too fast – don’t drive so fast!
तू खूप वेगाने गाडी चालवतोस / चालवतेस – इतक्या वेगाने गाडी चालवू नकोस.
Tū khūpa vēgānē gāḍī cālavatōsa/ cālavatēsa – itakyā vēgānē gāḍī cālavū nakōsa.
Get up, Mr. Miller!
उठा, श्रीमान म्युलर!
Uṭhā, śrīmāna myulara!
Sit down, Mr. Miller!
बसा, श्रीमान म्युलर!
Basā, śrīmāna myulara!
Remain seated, Mr. Miller!
बसून रहा, श्रीमान म्युलर!
Basūna rahā, śrīmāna myulara!
Be patient!
संयम बाळगा.
Sanyama bāḷagā.
Take your time!
आपला वेळ घ्या.
Āpalā vēḷa ghyā.
Wait a moment!
क्षणभर थांबा.
Kṣaṇabhara thāmbā.
Be careful!
Be punctual!
वक्तशीर बना.
Vaktaśīra banā.
Don’t be stupid!
मूर्ख बनू नका.
Mūrkha banū nakā.

The Chinese language

The Chinese language has the most speakers worldwide. However, there is not one individual Chinese language. Several Chinese languages exist. They all belong to the family of Sino-Tibetan languages. A total of approximately 1.3 billion people speak Chinese. The majority of those people live in the People's Republic of China and in Taiwan. There are many countries with Chinese-speaking minorities. The largest Chinese language is High Chinese. This standardized high-level language is also called Mandarin. Mandarin is the official language of the People's Republic of China. Other Chinese languages are often only referred to as dialects. Mandarin is also spoken in Taiwan and Singapore. Mandarin is the native language of 850 million people. It is understood by almost all Chinese-speaking people, however. For this reason, speakers of different dialects use it for communication. All Chinese people use a common written form. The Chinese written form is 4,000 to 5,000 years old. With that, Chinese has the longest literary tradition. Other Asian cultures have borrowed the Chinese written form as well. Chinese characters are more difficult than alphabetic systems. Spoken Chinese, however, is not as complicated. The grammar can be learned relatively easily. Therefore, learners can make good progress pretty quickly. And more and more people want to learn Chinese! As a foreign language, it is becoming increasingly meaningful. By now, Chinese languages are offered everywhere. Have the courage to learn it yourself! Chinese will be the language of the future…

Guess the language!

Polish is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 45 million people. These people live primarily in Poland and in several Eastern European countries. Polish emigrants took their language to other continents as well. As a result, there are approximately 60 million Polish speakers worldwide. It is the most-spoken Slavic language after Russian. Polish is closely related to Czech and Slovakian. The modern Polish language developed from different dialects.

Today there are hardly any dialects because most Poles use the standard language. The Polish alphabet is written in Latin letters and consists of 35 letters. The last but one syllable of a word is always accented. The grammar contains seven cases and three genders. This means almost every word ending is declined or conjugated. As a result Polish is not necessarily considered the easiest of languages. But it will soon be one of the more important European languages!


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