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32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4


३२ [बत्तीस]

उपाहारगृहात ४


I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup.
एक प्लेट फ्रेंच फ्राईज् आणि कॅचअप.
ēka plēṭa phrēn̄ca phrā'īj āṇi kĕca'apa.
And two with mayonnaise.
दोल प्लेट फ्रेंच फ्राईज् आणि मेयोनिज.
Dōla plēṭa phrēn̄ca phrā'īj āṇi mēyōnija.
And three sausages with mustard.
तीन प्लेट भाजलेले सॉसेज् मोहोरीच्या पेस्टसह.
Tīna plēṭa bhājalēlē sŏsēj mōhōrīcyā pēsṭasaha.
What vegetables do you have?
आपल्याकडे कोणत्या भाज्या आहेत?
Āpalyākaḍē kōṇatyā bhājyā āhēta?
Do you have beans?
आपल्याकडे बिन्स आहेत का?
Āpalyākaḍē binsa āhēta kā?
Do you have cauliflower?
आपल्याकडे फुलकोबी आहे का?
Āpalyākaḍē phulakōbī āhē kā?
I like to eat (sweet) corn.
मला मका खायला आवडतो.
Malā makā khāyalā āvaḍatō.
I like to eat cucumber.
मला काकडी खायला आवडते.
Malā kākaḍī khāyalā āvaḍatē.
I like to eat tomatoes.
मला टोमॅटो खायला आवडतात.
Malā ṭōmĕṭō khāyalā āvaḍatāta.
Do you also like to eat leek?
आपल्याला लिकसुद्धा खायला आवडतो का?
Āpalyālā likasud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatō kā?
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut?
आपल्याला आचारी बंदकोबीसुद्धा खायला आवडतो का?
Āpalyālā ācārī bandakōbīsud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatō kā?
Do you also like to eat lentils?
आपल्याला मसूर सुद्धा खायला आवडते का?
Āpalyālā masūra sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā?
Do you also like to eat carrots?
तुला गाजर सुद्धा खायला आवडते का?
Tulā gājara sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā?
Do you also like to eat broccoli?
तुला ब्रोकोली सुद्धा खायला आवडते का?
Tulā brōkōlī sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā?
Do you also like to eat peppers?
तुला भोपळी मिरची सुद्धा खायला आवडते का?
Tulā bhōpaḷī miracī sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā?
I don’t like onions.
मला कांदे आवडत नाहीत.
Malā kāndē āvaḍata nāhīta.
I don’t like olives.
मला ऑलिव्ह आवडत नाही.
Malā ŏlivha āvaḍata nāhī.
I don’t like mushrooms.
मला अळंबी आवडत नाहीत.
Malā aḷambī āvaḍata nāhīta.

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant. Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of ******. ______ is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. ______ is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition.

Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. ______ is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In ______, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes ______ that much more appealing!


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